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Peremptory Norms in International Law

Alexander Orakhelashvili

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199546114
eISBN:
9780191712203
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199546114.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This monograph analyses the questions raised by the legal effects of peremptory norms of international law (jus cogens), reflected in Article 53 of the 1969 Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties. ... More


Sources and Modification of Peremptory Norms

Alexander Orakhelashvili

in Peremptory Norms in International Law

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199546114
eISBN:
9780191712203
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199546114.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter examines the sources of peremptory norms, and examines which of them can be proper sources of jus cogens. It considers the modification of peremptory norms in terms of the requirements ... More


Impact on the Structure of International Obligations

Sandesh Sivakumaran

in The Impact of Human Rights Law on General International Law

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199565221
eISBN:
9780191705281
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199565221.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, Public International Law

This chapter assesses the extent to which international human rights law has impacted upon the structure of international obligations, focusing on obligations erga omnes and jus cogens norms. It ... More


International Law Conditions for the Creation of States

JAMES CRAWFORD

in The Creation of States in International Law

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199228423
eISBN:
9780191714375
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199228423.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

The classical criteria for statehood (the so-called Montevideo criteria) were essentially based on the principle of effectiveness. The proposition that statehood is a question of fact derives strong ... More


An inter-institutional theory

KEITH CULVER and MICHAEL GIUDICE

in Legality's Borders: An Essay in General Jurisprudence

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195370751
eISBN:
9780199775903
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195370751.003.004
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

This chapter presents the elements of an “inter-institutional theory” of legality. It argues that the elements of legality can combine in different ways and at varying levels of intensity, which ... More


For an Enhanced Role of Jus Cogens

Antonio Cassese

in Realizing Utopia: The Future of International Law

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199691661
eISBN:
9780191738593
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199691661.003.0013
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

There is general consensus on the existence of a string of overarching international legal principles. In addition, there also is a large measure of agreement of the fact that some principles have ... More


International Society—Consent and Custom as Sources of Law

Jason Ralph

in Defending the Society of States: Why America Opposes the International Criminal Court and its Vision of World Society

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199214310
eISBN:
9780191706615
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199214310.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter examines why legal positivism emphasises the importance of sovereign consent and relates it to the pluralist conception of international society introduced in the previous chapter. This ... More


The Metamorphosis of Jus Cogens: From an Institution of Treaty Law to the Bedrock of the International Legal Order?

Karl Zemanek

in The Law of Treaties Beyond the Vienna Convention

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199588916
eISBN:
9780191728938
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199588916.003.0023
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Human Rights and Immigration

When the Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties confirmed the existence of peremptory norms of international law (jus cogens) they were conceived, like Roman jus publicum, as absolute law that ... More


Human Rights and Jus Cogens

Evan J. Criddle and Evan Fox-Decent

in Fiduciaries of Humanity: How International Law Constitutes Authority

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780199397921
eISBN:
9780199397945
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199397921.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This chapter develops a fiduciary theory of international human rights law (IHRL) and jus cogens. It begins by reviewing briefly the historical development of peremptory norms and the emergence of ... More


Impact on the Law on Treaty Reservations

Ineke Boerefijn

in The Impact of Human Rights Law on General International Law

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199565221
eISBN:
9780191705281
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199565221.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, Public International Law

This chapter focuses on the United Nations human rights treaty bodies and the way in which they deal with reservations under the reporting procedure. It begins with a section on general aspects of ... More


States: Exceptions

Rowan Nicholson

in Statehood and the State-Like in International Law

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
November 2019
ISBN:
9780198851219
eISBN:
9780191885945
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198851219.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

The purpose of this chapter is to identify exceptions to the general rules discussed in the previous chapter (the effectiveness and recognition norms). Among the exceptions that are identified is an ... More


A Reluctant Guardian: The Court and the Concept of ‘International Community’

Gleider I Hernández

in The International Court of Justice and the Judicial Function

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199646630
eISBN:
9780191747854
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199646630.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Legal Profession and Ethics

The concept of ‘international community’, nebulously defined, has the potential to generate specific and far-reaching legal effects. This Chapter examines whether the understanding of the judicial ... More


The Right to Refuge

Evan J. Criddle and Evan Fox-Decent

in Fiduciaries of Humanity: How International Law Constitutes Authority

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780199397921
eISBN:
9780199397945
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199397921.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This chapter discusses the fiduciary theory’s implications for the protection of refugees under international law. It argues that the fiduciary theory of sovereignty best explains the duty of ... More


Coercion as a Ground Affecting the Validity of Peace Treaties

Serena Forlati

in The Law of Treaties Beyond the Vienna Convention

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199588916
eISBN:
9780191728938
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199588916.003.0019
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Human Rights and Immigration

The rule enshrined in Article 52 of the Vienna Convention is not a mere statement of principle: international practice confirms that it reflects a customary rule which, however, does not play a ... More


Interchangeability and Complementarity of Substantive and Nondiscrimination Paradigms

Aaron Xavier Fellmeth

in Paradigms of International Human Rights Law

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780190611279
eISBN:
9780190611309
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190611279.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, Philosophy of Law

Chapter 4 evaluates the extent of the equivalence between nondiscrimination rights and substantive rights for protecting the same or similar fundamental interests. It observes that each approach has ... More


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