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Perceptual Systems and Perceptual Beliefs

Jack C. Lyons

in Perception and Basic Beliefs: Zombies, Modules and the Problem of the External World

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195373578
eISBN:
9780199871988
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195373578.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter articulates and defends the view that a perceptual belief is a belief that is the output of a perceptual system, i.e., a perceptual module, where the notion of a perceptual module is ... More


Perception, Ecology, and Music

Eric F. Clarke

in Ways of Listening: An Ecological Approach to the Perception of Musical Meaning

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195151947
eISBN:
9780199870400
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195151947.003.0002
Subject:
Music, Psychology of Music

This chapter presents a discussion of the principal characteristics of an ecological approach to perception. Adopting many of the principles set out in the ecological work of James Gibson, it ... More


How to Understand Perceptual Learning

Kevin Connolly

in Perceptual Learning: The Flexibility of the Senses

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
March 2019
ISBN:
9780190662899
eISBN:
9780190662929
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190662899.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This introductory chapter explains perceptual learning as long-term changes in perception that are the result of practice or experience. It distinguishes perceptual learning from other nearby ... More


Hippocampal Function in Humans: Insights From Amnesia and Functional Brain Imaging

Howard Eichenbaum and Neal J. Cohen

in From Conditioning to Conscious Recollection: Memory systems of the brain

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195178043
eISBN:
9780199871223
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195178043.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter reviews cases of amnesia and evidence from functional brain imaging to provide insights about the nature of memory supported by the hippocampal memory system. The case of the famous ... More


Sensory coding

Ian P. Howard

in Perceiving in Depth: Volume 1 Basic Mechanisms

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199764143
eISBN:
9780199949359
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199764143.003.0117
Subject:
Psychology, Vision, Cognitive Psychology

The general principles of sensory coding that are common to all sensory systems are reviewed, including the nerve impulse, feature detectors, metamerism, sensory opponency, and temporal coding. This ... More


Connectionist Models of Development: Mechanistic Dynamical Models with Emergent Dynamical Properties

James L. McClelland and Gautam Vallabha

in Toward a Unified Theory of Development Connectionism and Dynamic System Theory Re-Consider

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195300598
eISBN:
9780199867165
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300598.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter attempts to underscore the common ground between connectionist and dynamical systems approaches. Central to both approaches is the emergent nature of system-level behavior and changes to ... More


Learning and the modification of stimulus representations

Geoffrey Hall

in Perceptual and Associative Learning

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198521822
eISBN:
9780191706677
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198521822.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter summarizes the way in which the evidence described in previous chapters has necessitated modifications and extensions to the standard associative model described in Chapter 2. It ... More


Is Perceptual Learning Genuinely Perceptual?

Kevin Connolly

in Perceptual Learning: The Flexibility of the Senses

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
March 2019
ISBN:
9780190662899
eISBN:
9780190662929
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190662899.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter argues that there are widespread changes in perception due to learning, and that these changes are genuinely perceptual rather than post-perceptual. The argument is abductive. It draws ... More


Sensory Substitution and Perceptual Learning

Kevin Connolly

Fiona Macpherson (ed.)

in Sensory Substitution and Augmentation

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780197266441
eISBN:
9780191884207
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197266441.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

When a user integrates a sensory substitution device into her life, the process involves perceptual learning, that is, ‘relatively long-lasting changes to an organism’s perceptual system that improve ... More


Perceptual Learning: The Flexibility of the Senses

Kevin Connolly

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
March 2019
ISBN:
9780190662899
eISBN:
9780190662929
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190662899.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Experts from wine tasters to radiologists to bird watchers have all undergone perceptual learning—that is, long-term changes in perception that result from practice or experience. Philosophers have ... More


Learned Attention II: Sensory Substitution

Kevin Connolly

in Perceptual Learning: The Flexibility of the Senses

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
March 2019
ISBN:
9780190662899
eISBN:
9780190662929
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190662899.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter explores the relationship between sensory substitution devices and the training of attention. Sensory substitution devices, typically used by the blind, deliver information about the ... More


Learning to Differentiate Properties: Speech Perception

Kevin Connolly

in Perceptual Learning: The Flexibility of the Senses

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
March 2019
ISBN:
9780190662899
eISBN:
9780190662929
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190662899.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter details the role perceptual learning plays in speech perception and argues that the evidence does not show that meanings come to be represented in our perception upon learning a new ... More


Cortical and Subcortical Predictive Dynamics and Learning during Perception, Cognition, Emotion, and Action

Stephen Grossberg

in Predictions in the Brain: Using Our Past to Generate a Future

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195395518
eISBN:
9780199897230
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195395518.003.0067
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

Advanced brains have an extraordinary capacity to learn autonomously in real time from changing environmental conditions. Such learning includes both perceptual/cognitive and spatial/motor processes. ... More


Learned Attention and the Contents of Perception

Kevin Connolly

in Perceptual Learning: The Flexibility of the Senses

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
March 2019
ISBN:
9780190662899
eISBN:
9780190662929
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190662899.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter argues that when we learn to recognize natural kinds, such as pine trees, this should be understood not in terms of kind properties coming to be represented in our perception, but simply ... More


Perceptual Learning beyond Philosophy of Mind

Kevin Connolly

in Perceptual Learning: The Flexibility of the Senses

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
March 2019
ISBN:
9780190662899
eISBN:
9780190662929
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190662899.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

The concluding chapter argues that perceptual learning has relevance for philosophy far beyond philosophy of mind—in epistemology, philosophy of science, and social philosophy, among other domains. ... More


Learning to Differentiate Objects: The Case of Memory Color

Kevin Connolly

in Perceptual Learning: The Flexibility of the Senses

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
March 2019
ISBN:
9780190662899
eISBN:
9780190662929
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190662899.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter explains memory color as an enhancement of perceptual learning, which enables us to better differentiate objects from their backgrounds. In cases of memory color, faded types of objects ... More


Learning to See and Conceive

Robert L. Goldstone, Alexander Gerganov, David Landy, and Michael E. Roberts

in Cognitive Biology: Evolutionary and Developmental Perspectives on Mind, Brain, and Behavior

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262012935
eISBN:
9780262255264
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262012935.003.0153
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter presents several sources of evidence that point out that perceptual learning is early in several senses: neurological, functional, and developmental. It also discusses perceptual ... More


“Chunking” the World through Multisensory Perception

Kevin Connolly

in Perceptual Learning: The Flexibility of the Senses

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
March 2019
ISBN:
9780190662899
eISBN:
9780190662929
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190662899.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter argues that multisensory perceptions are learned, not the result of an automatic feature binding mechanism. For example, suppose you are at a live jazz show. The drummer begins a solo. ... More


Pragmatic Representations

Bence Nanay

in Between Perception and Action

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199695379
eISBN:
9780191760747
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199695379.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Pragmatic representations are the representations that mediate between sensory input and motor output. The aim of this chapter is to argue that they are perceptual states and that they play a very ... More


Models of memory: the case of imprinting

Patrick Bateson

in Brain, Perception, Memory: Advances in Cognitive Neuroscience

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198524823
eISBN:
9780191689246
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524823.003.0018
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter reviews recent tests of a neural net model of imprinting. The timing of imprinting, the features that most readily trigger learning, and the motor systems that are linked to ... More


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