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The Possibility of Knowledge

Quassim Cassam

in The Possibility of Knowledge

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199208319
eISBN:
9780191708992
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199208319.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

How-possible questions matter in philosophy because, as Nozick points out, ‘many philosophical problems are ones of understanding how something is or can be possible’. A response to a how-possible ... More


Visual Perception

Ryan Nichols

in Thomas Reid's Theory of Perception

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199276912
eISBN:
9780191707759
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199276912.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter analyzes Reid's theory of visual perception. Specifically, it determines the nature of Reid's theory of visual perception and its implications on a theory of perceptual knowledge. Vision ... More


The Relevant Alternatives Account of Perceptual Knowledge

Duncan Pritchard

in Epistemological Disjunctivism

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199557912
eISBN:
9780191743290
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199557912.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter suggests that the relationship between perceptual knowledge and discrimination fits very neatly with an intuition that is widespread in epistemology, what is referred to as the core ... More


Perceptual Knowledge and Recognitional Abilities

Alan Millar

in The Nature and Value of Knowledge: Three Investigations

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199586264
eISBN:
9780191723360
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199586264.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, General

This chapter gives an account of perceptual knowledge in which perceptual-recognitional abilities are central. These abilities are nothing less than knowledge-acquisition abilities. They include ... More


Kinds of Representation: Seeing and Thinking

Jean Matter Mandler

in Foundations of Mind: Origins of Conceptual Thought

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195311839
eISBN:
9780199786770
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195311839.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

On e of the main theories of this book is that perception and conception differ in content, representational format, and methods of processing. This chapter focuses on the differences in ... More


A Two-Tiered Relevant Alternatives Theory

Duncan Pritchard

in Epistemological Disjunctivism

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199557912
eISBN:
9780191743290
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199557912.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter argues for the replacement of the relevant alternatives account of perceptual knowledge with two-tiered view that is cast along the same lines. This two-tiered relevant alternatives ... More


Epistemological Disjunctivism: A First Pass

Duncan Pritchard

in Epistemological Disjunctivism

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199557912
eISBN:
9780191743290
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199557912.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter sets out the core thesis of epistemological disjunctivism: In paradigmatic cases of perceptual knowledge an agent, S, has perceptual knowledge that φ in virtue of being in possession of ... More


The Differentiated Religious Significance of Space and Some Secular Analogues for Religious Knowledge

Mark R. Wynn

in Faith and Place: An Essay in Embodied Religious Epistemology

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199560387
eISBN:
9780191721175
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199560387.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter introduces the main themes of the book and explains its structure. It notes how the concerns of the book can be related to two other bodies of literature: first, the literature in ... More


Relevant Alternatives and Closure

Duncan Pritchard

in Epistemological Disjunctivism

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199557912
eISBN:
9780191743290
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199557912.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter begins with a discussion of the closure principle and the problem it poses for the relevant alternatives account of perceptual knowledge. It then turns to a new position known as ... More


Reflective Knowledge in the Best Circles

Ernest Sosa

in Reflective Knowledge: Apt Belief and Reflective Knowledge, Volume II

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199217250
eISBN:
9780191696053
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199217250.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter considers Moore's view of perceptual beliefs as inferential. Here he joined a venerable tradition along with Russell himself. If perceptual knowledge is thus mediate and inferential, ... More


Introduction

John Foster

in The Nature of Perception

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198237693
eISBN:
9780191597442
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198237693.003.0017
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

The broad representative theory (BRT) claims that, whenever someone perceives a physical item, his perceptual contact with it is psychologically mediated, i.e. it is constituted by the combination of ... More


Causation in Commonsense Realism

Johannes Roessler

in Perception, Causation, and Objectivity

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199692040
eISBN:
9780191729713
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199692040.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Mind

According to P.F. Strawson, a causal requirement on perception is implicit in everyday explanations of what someone knows in terms of what they perceive. In this paper I argue that this putative ... More


The Wider View: Precedence and Duration

Robin Le Poidevin

in The Images of Time: An Essay on Temporal Representation

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199265893
eISBN:
9780191708619
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199265893.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter examines the Causal Truth-Maker Principle introduced in Chapter 2. This says that to count as perceptual knowledge, beliefs must be caused by whatever in the world makes them true. That ... More


Epistemology

Bill Brewer

in Perception and its Objects

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199260256
eISBN:
9780191725470
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199260256.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The focus is epistemological. (OV) has certain features that may provoke concerns under the head of the Myth of the Given. An initial challenge from Sellars is set out and dealt with. An extended ... More


Three Views of Human Knowledge

Ernest Sosa

in Knowing Full Well

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691143972
eISBN:
9781400836918
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691143972.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter considers a traditional account of knowledge along with its indirect realist view of perception. On a traditional approach, perceptual knowledge is a special case of “justified true ... More


Perception, Causation, and Objectivity

Johannes Roessler, Hemdat Lerman, and Naomi Eilan (eds)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199692040
eISBN:
9780191729713
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199692040.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Mind

Perceptual experience, that paradigm of subjectivity, constitutes our most immediate and fundamental access to the objective world. At least, this would seem to be so if commonsense realism is ... More


Knowledge, Evidence, and Skepticism According to Williamson

Anthony Brueckner

in Essays on Skepticism

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199585861
eISBN:
9780191595332
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199585861.003.0034
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter presents Timothy Williamson's views on scepticism and perceptual knowledge. It argues that Williamson's overall position does not successfully combine an answer to scepticism with a ... More


Epistemological Disjunctivism and the Factivity of Reasons

Duncan Pritchard

in Epistemic Angst: Radical Skepticism and the Groundlessness of Our Believing

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691167237
eISBN:
9781400873913
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691167237.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter demonstrates that epistemological disjunctivism represents a viable theoretical option when it comes to our understanding of perceptual knowledge. It also shows that this proposal has ... More


Three Prima Facie Problems for Epistemological Disjunctivism

Duncan Pritchard

in Epistemological Disjunctivism

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199557912
eISBN:
9780191743290
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199557912.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter delineates three interrelated prima facie problems for epistemological disjunctivism. The first is the concern that such a view will directly generate a kind of ‘McKinsey-style’ problem ... More


Does Perception Do Any Work in an Understanding of the First Person?

John Campbell

in The Self and Self-Knowledge

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199590650
eISBN:
9780191741043
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199590650.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Mind

Knowledge of what it is for one of one’s psychological states to be causing another depends on one’s having an understanding of what happens when there is an external intervention on one’s mental ... More


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