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Direct Activity

Robert Kirk

in Zombies and Consciousness

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199285488
eISBN:
9780191603150
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199285489.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

The basic package is necessary for perceptual consciousness but seems not to be sufficient. What is also necessary is ‘direct activity’: a special feature of the way events constituting incoming ... More


Perceptual Information

Robert Kirk

in Raw Feeling: A philosophical account of the essence of consciousness

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198236795
eISBN:
9780191679353
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198236795.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Raw feeling is heterogeneous. It is involved not only in all varieties of sensation and conscious perceptual experience but in dreaming, after-imaging, hallucinating, and such oddities as phosphenes. ... More


Thinking with Our Senses

Wilma Koutstaal

in The Agile Mind

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780195367188
eISBN:
9780199918232
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195367188.003.0025
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter outlines the important but underrecognized multiple contributions of sensory-perceptual and sensory-motor information to concepts and to thinking. It covers research and findings from ... More


Shining Spotlights, Zooming Lenses, Grabbing Hands, and Pecking Chickens: The Ebb and Flow of Attention During Events

Daniel T. Levin and Megan M. Saylor

in Understanding Events: From Perception to Action

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195188370
eISBN:
9780199870462
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195188370.003.0022
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter proposes a new metaphor to guide research on visual attention: instead of a spotlight, hand, or zoom lens, attention is sometimes better likened to a pecking chicken. This metaphor may ... More


Causal Knowledge in Corvids, Primates, and Children: More Than Meets the Eye?

Amanda Seed, Daniel Hanus, and Josep Call

in Tool Use and Causal Cognition

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199571154
eISBN:
9780191731259
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199571154.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology

Previous experimental work has led several authors to conclude that only humans reinterpret ‘first-order perceptual relations in terms of higher order role-governed relational structures,’ meaning ... More


What Parents Say—and Do Not Say—about Essences

Susan A. Gelman

in The Essential Child: Origins of Essentialism in Everyday Thought

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195154061
eISBN:
9780199786718
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195154061.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

From an empiricist view, children learn about essences by observation, either direct or indirect — including via the stories told by their parents. This view is appealing in many respects, ... More


All Together Now: Learning through Multiple Sources

Natasha Kirkham

in Neoconstructivism: The New Science of Cognitive Development

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195331059
eISBN:
9780199864072
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331059.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter describes a theory of multiple cue integration, supporting the acquisition of complex knowledge. The “great blooming, buzzing confusion” of the perceptual world actually holds a wealth ... More


Imagination Incorporated

Philip Gerrans

in The Measure of Madness: Philosophy of Mind, Cognitive Neuroscience, and Delusional Thought

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780262027557
eISBN:
9780262320979
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027557.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter examines delusions as default thoughts produced by a simulation system that evolved to enable stimulus-independent thought, and argues that such default thoughts are essentially ... More


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