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ONTOGENESIS AND MICROGENESIS OF VISUAL PERCEPTUAL ORGANIZATION

Ruth Kimchi

in Cognitive Neuroscience, Development, and Psychopathology: Typical and Atypical Developmental Trajectories of Attention

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780195315455
eISBN:
9780199979066
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195315455.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

One approach to understanding the psychological processes involved in perceptual organization, and the one presented in this chapter, is to study the evolution of perceptual organization in two ... More


Spatial Organization and the Appearances Thereof in Early Vision

Austen Clark

in Visual Experience: Sensation, Cognition, and Constancy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199597277
eISBN:
9780191741883
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199597277.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Vision

The perception of the lightness of surfaces has been shown to be affected by information about the spatial configuration of those surfaces and their illuminants. Two regions of equal luminance can ... More


Listening to music

John A. Sloboda

in The Musical Mind: The Cognitive Psychology of Music

Published in print:
1986
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198521280
eISBN:
9780191706257
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198521280.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter raises the methodological problems of understanding large-scale listening, when most research is based on responses to short musical fragments. Lack of ecological validity is raised as a ... More


Grouping and Early Visual Processing in Avian Vision

Robert G. Cook and Carl Erick Hagmann

in How Animals See the World: Comparative Behavior, Biology, and Evolution of Vision

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195334654
eISBN:
9780199933167
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195334654.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter examines early visual processing in birds revealed by the analysis of multi-element textured arrays. Pigeons, and presumably most other species of birds, share many common properties ... More


Visual Cognition in Baboons: Attention to Global and Local Stimulus Properties

oël Fagot and Carole Parron

in How Animals See the World: Comparative Behavior, Biology, and Evolution of Vision

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195334654
eISBN:
9780199933167
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195334654.003.0021
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter discusses studies that compared grouping mechanisms in two nonhuman primate species (chimpanzees and baboons) and in humans. A local advantage, rather than a global advantage ... More


Why Comparative Studies of Vision Matter

Shaun P. Vecera

in How Animals See the World: Comparative Behavior, Biology, and Evolution of Vision

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195334654
eISBN:
9780199933167
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195334654.003.0028
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter uses two examples—perceptual grouping and visual attention—to highlight the implications of comparative research for the vision sciences. In perceptual grouping, results from nonhuman ... More


How Animals See the World: Comparative Behavior, Biology, and Evolution of Vision

Olga F. Lazareva, Toru Shimizu, and Edward A. Wasserman (eds)

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195334654
eISBN:
9780199933167
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195334654.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

The visual world of animals is highly diverse and often very different from the world that we humans take for granted. This book provides an extensive review of the latest behavioral and ... More


Listening strategies in infancy: the roots of music and language development

Sandra E. Trehuband and Laurel J. Trainor

in Thinking in Sound: The Cognitive Psychology of Human Audition

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198522577
eISBN:
9780191688645
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198522577.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Music Psychology

This chapter examines infants' processing of complex auditory patterns. It shows that perceptual grouping processes are operative in infancy, and that relational pitch and temporal processing are as ... More


Objects

Barbara Landau and James E. Hoffman

in Spatial Representation: From Gene to Mind

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780195385373
eISBN:
9780199979189
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195385373.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Models and Architectures

People with WS display severe deficits in visual copying tasks such as block construction. This deficit is not related to problems with early visual processes such as acuity or stereoscopic vision ... More


Grouping and Segmentation of Visual Objects by Baboons (Papio papio) and Humans (Homo sapiens)

Joël Fagot and Isabelle Barbet

in Comparative Cognition: Experimental Explorations of Animal Intelligence

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195377804
eISBN:
9780199848461
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195377804.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter discusses the results of a series of experiments aimed at investigating visual-information processing in baboons. Two lines of ... More


The Proximity Trap

Jan Lauwereyns

in The Anatomy of Bias: How Neural Circuits Weigh the Options

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262123105
eISBN:
9780262277990
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262123105.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology

This chapter revisits the phenomena of proximity, similarity, and continuation that can generate perceptual grouping from the perspective of bias in neural processing, It also considers the history ... More


The Visual World as Illusion: The Ones We Know and the Ones We Don’t

Stephen Grossberg

in The Oxford Compendium of Visual Illusions

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
June 2017
ISBN:
9780199794607
eISBN:
9780190654795
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199794607.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Vision

This chapter shows how visual illusions arise from neural processes that play an adaptive role in achieving the remarkable perceptual capabilities of advanced brains. It clarifies that many visual ... More


The Ontological Constitution of Cognition and the Epistemological Constitution of Cognitive Science: Phenomenology, Enaction, and Technology

Véronique Havelange

in Enaction: Toward a New Paradigm for Cognitive Science

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014601
eISBN:
9780262289795
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014601.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter proposes a review of the major analyses of Husserlian phenomenology in order to show how this renews the questions of the Ontological Constitution of Cognition (OCC), the Epistemological ... More


Musical Ability

John Sloboda

in Exploring the Musical Mind: Cognition, emotion, ability, function

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198530121
eISBN:
9780191689741
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198530121.003.0015
Subject:
Psychology, Music Psychology

The available evidence points to the conclusion that the vast majority of the population has acquired a common receptive musical ability, clearly evident through experimental demonstration, ... More


The Ternus Effect

Elisabeth Hein

in The Oxford Compendium of Visual Illusions

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
June 2017
ISBN:
9780199794607
eISBN:
9780190654795
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199794607.003.0099
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Vision

The Ternus effect refers to an ambiguous apparent motion display in which two or three elements presented in succession and shifted horizontally by one position can be perceived as either a group of ... More


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