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Economic Development and Labor Conditions

Robert J. Flanagan

in Globalization and Labor Conditions

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195306002
eISBN:
9780199783564
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195306007.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

This chapter reveals the influence of economic development, national economic and political institutions, and social diversity on labor conditions. Putting globalization aside, the foremost positive ... More


9 Food and Standard of Living: An Analysis Based on Sri Lankan Data

Sudhir Anand and Christopher Harris

in The Political Economy of Hunger: Volume 1: Entitlement and Well-being

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198286356
eISBN:
9780191718465
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198286356.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter examines an empirical welfare indicator using data from Sri Lanka. Per capita income, because of its variability, may lead to overstatements of inequality and poor people's food ... More


Country Comparisons

Fred Campano and Dominick Salvatore

in Income Distribution: Includes CD

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780195300918
eISBN:
9780199783441
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195300912.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter compares the living standards between countries. Per capita comparisons and the estimation of international poverty thresholds are discussed in light of purchasing power parity and ... More


Big Bills Left on the Sidewalk: Why Some Nations Are Rich, and Others Poor

Mancur Olson

in A Not-so-dismal Science: A Broader View of Economies and Societies

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294900
eISBN:
9780191596728
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294905.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic Systems

The idea is advanced that it is the rationality of individuals in societies that makes them achieve their production potential rather than their per capita productive resources, and that the ... More


Economic Development and Institutional Change, 1914–1950

Şevket Pamuk

in Uneven Centuries

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780691166377
eISBN:
9780691184982
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691166377.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter explains how the period 1913 to 1950 was exceptionally difficult for Turkey. The country had to deal with the difficulties of the transition from being part of a larger empire to ... More


Economic Growth in a Malthusian Empire

Peter Temin

in The Roman Market Economy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691147680
eISBN:
9781400845422
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691147680.003.0010
Subject:
History, Ancient History / Archaeology

This chapter examines Rome's lack of an industrial revolution. Without this momentous change, Rome was subject to Malthusian pressures that limited its economic growth. Yet Malthusian economies can ... More


Income Inequality in China and its Influencing Factors

Xiaolu Wang

in Inequality and Growth in Modern China

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199535194
eISBN:
9780191715730
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199535194.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

While the average level of income per capita has increased rapidly in China, income inequality is becoming a more serious problem that may threaten social stability and the sustainability of economic ... More


Economic Development and Institutional Change, 1980–2015

Şevket Pamuk

in Uneven Centuries

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780691166377
eISBN:
9780691184982
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691166377.003.0012
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter explores how, in the decades after World War II, Turkey had attained unprecedented rates of growth by raising both its savings and investments rates from 11 percent of GDP in the early ... More


Depression, Drought, and Federation

Ian W. McLean

in Why Australia Prospered: The Shifting Sources of Economic Growth

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691154671
eISBN:
9781400845439
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691154671.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter talks about negative shocks from internal imbalance, external factors, and drought wrought havoc with the economy for more than a decade. Against this background of a major threat to ... More


Institutions and Outcomes

Daniel Berkowitz and Karen B. Clay

in The Evolution of a Nation: How Geography and Law Shaped the American States

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691136042
eISBN:
9781400840540
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691136042.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter summarizes this volume's main findings with respect to persistence and mechanisms, examines the effect of state political and legal institutions on per capita income, and discusses ... More


Catch Up: Developing Countries in the World Economy

Deepak Nayyar

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199652983
eISBN:
9780191761263
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199652983.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The object of this book is to analyze the evolution of developing countries in the world economy, situated in a long-term historical perspective, from the onset of the second millennium but with a ... More


The Economy under the Raj, I:Overall Trends

Deepak Lal

in The Hindu Equilibrium: India c.1500 B.C. - 2000 A.D.

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199275793
eISBN:
9780191706097
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199275793.003.0006
Subject:
History, History of Religion

This chapter surveys economic trends from 1857 to 1947 of fully-fledged British rule. Topics covered include population, per capita income, sectoral output growth, urbanization, literacy, and infant ... More


Conclusion

Şevket Pamuk

in Uneven Centuries

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780691166377
eISBN:
9780691184982
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691166377.003.0013
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This concluding chapter discusses how most countries around the world have experienced significant increases in per capita income and improvements in human development during the last two centuries. ... More


Growth and Development in the Indian States: An Overview

Arvind Panagariya, Pinaki Chakraborty, and M. Govinda Rao

in State Level Reforms, Growth, and Development in Indian States

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199367863
eISBN:
9780199367887
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199367863.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The chapter documents growth and progress in combating poverty, illiteracy, and ill-health in India. It shows that growth in the Indian states has accelerated across the board in the 2000s. Quite ... More


Time Since What? (Re)interpreting the Neolithic Transition in a Malthusian Environment

Nils-Petter Lagerlöf

Matteo Cervellati and Uwe Sunde (eds)

in Demographic Change and Long-Run Development

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780262036627
eISBN:
9780262341660
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262036627.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter provides a reinterpretation of the positive correlation between the time since the Neolithic transition and per-capita income before the economic and demographic transitions. It shows ... More


When Did Latin America Fall Behind?

Leandro Prados de la Escosura

in The Decline of Latin American Economies: Growth, Institutions, and Crises

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226185002
eISBN:
9780226185033
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226185033.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

This chapter reexamines the timing of Latin America's economic retardation—first, by using a more representative comparator, such as a group of countries included under the OECD acronym, and second, ... More


Technology in the Great Divergence

Gregory Clark and Robert C. Feenstra

in Globalization in Historical Perspective

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226065984
eISBN:
9780226065991
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226065991.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter examines the changes in per capita income and productivity from 1800 to modern times. It demonstrates the following: (1) There has been increasing inequality in incomes per capita across ... More


Working Hours and Job Sharing in the EU and USA: Are Europeans Lazy? Or Americans Crazy?

Tito Boeri, Michael Burda, and Francis Kramarz (eds)

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199231027
eISBN:
9780191710834
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231027.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

In the last fifty years, the gap in labour productivity between Europe and the US has narrowed considerably with estimates in 2005 suggesting a EU-US labour productivity gap of about 5%. Yet, average ... More


Health Indicators in the Indian States

Arvind Panagariya, Pinaki Chakraborty, and M. Govinda Rao

in State Level Reforms, Growth, and Development in Indian States

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199367863
eISBN:
9780199367887
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199367863.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter assesses the progress in improving health outcomes in Indian states. It shows that all states in India have made substantial progress in improving the vital health statistics such as ... More


Long-run economic growth

Jesper Rangvid

in From Main Street to Wall Street: How the Economy Influences Stock Markets and What Investors Should Know

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9780198866404
eISBN:
9780191898549
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198866404.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

This chapter explains what we understand by ‘aggregate economic activity’, i.e. Gross Domestic Product, per capita income, population growth, and related concepts that will all be used repeatedly ... More


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