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Britain's Pensions Crisis: History and Policy

Hugh Pemberton, Pat Thane, and Noel Whiteside (eds)

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263853
eISBN:
9780191734281
Item type:
book
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263853.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

British pensions are in crisis. Yet in all the discussion of what exactly the crisis consists of, and how it might be addressed, attention to the history of how the crisis has come about is ... More


Introduction

E. Philip Davis

in Pension Funds: Retirement-Income Security and Capital Markets: An International Perspective

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198293040
eISBN:
9780191684944
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198293040.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics, Public and Welfare

Because of lower fertility and the various advances in terms of medicine, the number of people over 60 will have raisen from 500 million in 1990 to about 1.4 billion in 2030. If seen on a global ... More


Chapter Chapter A Regulatory Framework for Strengthening Defined Benefit Pensions

Mark J. Warshawsky, Neal McCall, and John D. Worth

in Restructuring Retirement Risks

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199204656
eISBN:
9780191603822
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199204659.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

Recent financial market and plan termination experiences have exposed the shortcomings of existing funding, disclosure, and premium rules governing private single-employer defined benefit pension ... More


Chapter Chapter The Influence of PBGC Insurance on Pension Fund Finances

Julia Coronado and Nellie Liang

in Restructuring Retirement Risks

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199204656
eISBN:
9780191603822
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199204659.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

It is sometimes argued that firms sponsoring defined benefit pensions are led to take higher risks because pension insurance premiums and funding requirements do not reflect the riskiness of the ... More


Defined Contribution Pension Plans in the Public Sector: A Benchmark Analysis

Roderick B. Crane, Michael Heller, and Paul J. Yakoboski

in The Future of Public Employee Retirement Systems

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199573349
eISBN:
9780191721946
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199573349.003.0013
Subject:
Business and Management, Public Management, Pensions and Pension Management

This chapter assesses best-practice benchmarks for the design of defined contribution plans in the public sector, where such plans are the primary, or core, employment-based retirement benefit. These ... More


Proceedings of the British Academy, Volume 131, 2004 Lectures

P. J. Marshall (ed.)

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263518
eISBN:
9780191734021
Item type:
book
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263518.001.0001
Subject:
History, Cultural History

This volume contains sixteen lectures given to the National Academy for the Humanities and Social Sciences in 2004. The topical issues debated in this volume include the patenting of AIDS drugs, the ... More


Population Ageing and the Public Purse

Francis G. Castles

in The Future of the Welfare State: Crisis Myths and Crisis Realities

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2004
ISBN:
9780199270170
eISBN:
9780191601514
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199270171.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

Examines the supposed threat to the future trajectory of social spending posed by population ageing. An initial focus is on the contrast between the sense of crisis characterizing popular and ... More


Retirement pensions

Jochen Clasen

in Reforming European Welfare States: Germany and the United Kingdom Compared

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199270712
eISBN:
9780191603266
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199270716.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

The chapter discusses three periods of policy change in the field of pension policy. It explains basic parameters of public pension systems and the scope of private provision, comparing contemporary ... More


Chapter Chapter The UK Approach to Insuring Defined Benefit Pension Plans

David McCarthy and Anthony Neuberger

in Restructuring Retirement Risks

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199204656
eISBN:
9780191603822
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199204659.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

This chapter models the UK’s recently-established Pension Protection Fund (PPF) established to guarantee defined benefit pensions. It shows that the PPF is likely to face many years of low claims ... More


Chapter Chapter Restructuring the Defined Benefit Pension

P.Brett Hammond and Douglas Fore

in Restructuring Retirement Risks

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199204656
eISBN:
9780191603822
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199204659.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

Under the traditional approach to defined benefit plans, well-intended disciplinary and regulatory regimes have sought to restrict discretion, reduce uncertainty and risk, and protect workers and ... More


Promoting Solidarity in the European Union

Malcolm Ross and Yuri Borgmann-Prebil (eds)

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199583188
eISBN:
9780191594502
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199583188.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law, EU Law

The European Commission has claimed that ‘Solidarity is part of how European society works...’ . But how are we to understand solidarity and what are its implications to government policy? This book ... More


The Protection‐Pull Factors: Multiple Pathways to Early Exit

Bernhard Ebbinghaus

in Reforming Early Retirement in Europe, Japan and the USA

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199286119
eISBN:
9780191604089
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199286116.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

There are multiple pathways to early exit from work: early pensions (retirement age before 65), flexible and partial pensions, special preretirement schemes, long-term unemployment benefits, and ... More


The Production‐Push Factors: The Political Economy of Labor Shedding

Bernhard Ebbinghaus

in Reforming Early Retirement in Europe, Japan and the USA

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199286119
eISBN:
9780191604089
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199286116.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter analyzes the economic ‘push’ factors that lead to early exit from work. Some firms co-sponsor early retirement via occupational pensions in order to facilitate restructuring. ... More


Exit from Early Retirement: Paradigm Shifts, Policy Reversals, and Reform Obstacles

Bernhard Ebbinghaus

in Reforming Early Retirement in Europe, Japan and the USA

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199286119
eISBN:
9780191604089
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199286116.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Governments have realized the negative impact of early retirement on social expenditures and labor costs, responding with a paradigm shift away from passive labor market policies. Governments seek to ... More


The Gender Impact of Social Security Reform in Latin America *

Estelle James, Alejandra Cox Edwards, and Rebeca Wong

in Lessons from Pension Reform in the Americas

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199226801
eISBN:
9780191710285
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199226801.003.0005
Subject:
Business and Management, Pensions and Pension Management

Over the past two decades many countries have adopted multipillar pension systems that include both a public DB and a private DC pillar. Critics of these pension reforms argue that the tight link ... More


Restructuring Retirement Risks

David Blitzstein, Olivia S. Mitchell, and Stephen P. Utkus (eds)

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199204656
eISBN:
9780191603822
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199204659.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

This book posits that retirement security is the central policy concern of our time. A generation of ‘Baby Boomers’ is on the verge of retirement, yet pension systems confront crushing challenges, ... More


Unifying Pension Schemes in Japan: Toward a Single Scheme for Both Civil Servants and Private Employees

Junichi Sakamoto

in The Future of Public Employee Retirement Systems

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199573349
eISBN:
9780191721946
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199573349.003.0011
Subject:
Business and Management, Public Management, Pensions and Pension Management

A topic of long-standing discussion in Japan has been how to equitably merge the retirement plans for civil servants and private employees, which in the past have been managed separately. Recent ... More


The Future of Public Employee Retirement Systems

Olivia S. Mitchell

in The Future of Public Employee Retirement Systems

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199573349
eISBN:
9780191721946
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199573349.003.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Public Management, Pensions and Pension Management

Pension systems are a central component of the compensation package for workers in virtually every developed nation, and nowhere are they more important than for public sector employees. The growth ... More


Between Scylla and Charybdis: Improving the Cost Effectiveness of Public Pension Retirement Plans

M. Barton Waring

in The Future of Public Employee Retirement Systems

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199573349
eISBN:
9780191721946
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199573349.003.0004
Subject:
Business and Management, Public Management, Pensions and Pension Management

Unless defined benefit pension plans are managed much better and more cost-effectively, they will be replaced by defined contribution plans. Benefit and contribution policies need to be carefully ... More


Public Pensions and State and Local Budgets: Can Contribution Rate Cyclicality Be Better Managed?

Parry Young

in The Future of Public Employee Retirement Systems

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199573349
eISBN:
9780191721946
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199573349.003.0005
Subject:
Business and Management, Public Management, Pensions and Pension Management

Pension fund contribution rate volatility has challenged state and local government defined benefit plan sponsors over time. Methods to contain volatility have been used for years but recent ... More


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