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The Crash of the Gulag: Releases and Uprisings in the Post-Stalin Era

Steven A. Barnes

in Death and Redemption: The Gulag and the Shaping of Soviet Society

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151120
eISBN:
9781400838615
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151120.003.0007
Subject:
History, Russian and Former Soviet Union History

This chapter focuses on the period after Stalin's death. It looks at the explosive uprisings in the Gulag with a particular focus on the forty-day revolt at the Kengir division of Steplag. It also ... More


Neuroscience and Penal Law: Ineffectiveness of the Penal Systems and Flawed Perception of the Under‐Evaluation of Behaviour Constituting Crime. The Particular Case of Crimes Regarding Intangible Goods

David Terracina

in Law and Neuroscience: Current Legal Issues Volume 13

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199599844
eISBN:
9780191725227
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199599844.003.0011
Subject:
Law, Medical Law

Contemporary penal systems have long suffered a profound crisis of ineffectiveness. Judicial statistics show a crime rate that is constantly on the rise, whether these are blood crimes or crimes of a ... More


Tell Me What You Read; I Will Tell You What You Are: Reading and education in U.S. Penal History

Megan Sweeney

in Reading Is My Window: Books and the Art of Reading in Women's Prisons

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9780807833520
eISBN:
9781469604367
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807898352_sweeney.5
Subject:
Society and Culture, Gender Studies

This chapter focuses on the majority opinion in Beard v. Banks, which constructs reading as a privilege that best serves the interests of the penal system when it is denied to uncooperative ... More


A Gulag Without Stalin

Jeffrey S. Hardy

in The Gulag After Stalin: Redefining Punishment in Khrushchev's Soviet Union, 1953-1964

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9781501702792
eISBN:
9780801458514
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501702792.003.0001
Subject:
History, Russian and Former Soviet Union History

This introductory chapter provides an overview of the book's main themes. This book argues that the post-Stalin leadership, having inherited a massive, inefficient, violent, and corrupt penal system, ... More


Restructuring the Penal Empire: Administration, Institutions, and Demographics

Jeffrey S. Hardy

in The Gulag After Stalin: Redefining Punishment in Khrushchev's Soviet Union, 1953-1964

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9781501702792
eISBN:
9780801458514
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501702792.003.0002
Subject:
History, Russian and Former Soviet Union History

This chapter discusses the impact of Stalin's death on 5 March 1953 on the Gulag. Stalin's passing, the ensuing power struggle, and the existing reformist tendencies within the Gulag all contributed ... More


The Perils of Association

Anoma Pieris

in Hidden Hands and Divided Landscapes: A Penal History of Singapore's Plural Society

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824832216
eISBN:
9780824870157
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824832216.003.0005
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter provides insights into the penal subculture using letters, petitions, and lawsuits as evidence. It looks at how prisoners manipulated the material culture that was otherwise denied to ... More


Murders and Madness: Medicine, Law, and Society in the Fin de Siècle

Ruth Harris

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198202592
eISBN:
9780191675430
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198202592.001.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This book examines the French debate over crime and madness in the fin de siècle. The author argues that psychiatric theories of human behaviour and new sociological interpretations of crime combined ... More


The Gulag After Stalin: Redefining Punishment in Khrushchev's Soviet Union, 1953-1964

Jeffrey S. Hardy

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9781501702792
eISBN:
9780801458514
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501702792.001.0001
Subject:
History, Russian and Former Soviet Union History

This book reveals how the vast Soviet penal system was reimagined and reformed in the wake of Stalin's death. The text argues that penal reform in the 1950s was a serious endeavor intended to ... More


Kant, Retributivism, and Civic Respect

Sarah Holtman

in Retributivism: Essays on Theory and Policy

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199752232
eISBN:
9780199895342
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199752232.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter focuses on recasting the retributivism of Immanuel Kant, grounding it in his demands for civic respect and political equality. Historically, many have thought of Kant’s account of the ... More


Reorienting the Aims of Imprisonment: Production, Reeducation, and Control

Jeffrey S. Hardy

in The Gulag After Stalin: Redefining Punishment in Khrushchev's Soviet Union, 1953-1964

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9781501702792
eISBN:
9780801458514
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501702792.003.0003
Subject:
History, Russian and Former Soviet Union History

This chapter discusses how the three aims of the Gulag—economics, reeducation, and control—were restructured in the post-Stalin era. During the 1950s, the three aims of the Gulag were debated heavily ... More


A Khrushchevian Synthesis: The Birth of the Late Soviet Penal System

Jeffrey S. Hardy

in The Gulag After Stalin: Redefining Punishment in Khrushchev's Soviet Union, 1953-1964

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9781501702792
eISBN:
9780801458514
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501702792.003.0006
Subject:
History, Russian and Former Soviet Union History

This chapter discusses the late Soviet penal system. The early to mid-1960s was an era of idealism in the Soviet Union, fueled by rising standards of living, increased productivity, new scientific ... More


Introduction

Julilly Kohler-Hausmann

in Getting Tough: Welfare and Imprisonment in 1970s America

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780691174525
eISBN:
9781400885183
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691174525.003.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This introductory chapter talks about how American lawmakers “got tough” on drugs, welfare, and crime. These political choices drove one of the most dramatic expansions of a penal system in world ... More


Hidden Hands and Divided Landscapes: A Penal History of Singapore's Plural Society

Anoma Pieris

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824832216
eISBN:
9780824870157
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824832216.001.0001
Subject:
History, Asian History

During the nineteenth century, the colonial Straits Settlements of Singapore, Penang, and Melaka were established as free ports of British trade in Southeast Asia and proved attractive to large ... More


Oversight and Assistance: The Role of the Procuracy and Other Outside Agencies in Penal Operations

Jeffrey S. Hardy

in The Gulag After Stalin: Redefining Punishment in Khrushchev's Soviet Union, 1953-1964

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9781501702792
eISBN:
9780801458514
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501702792.003.0004
Subject:
History, Russian and Former Soviet Union History

This chapter focuses on the most powerful and important institution in the Gulag's new network of oversight and assistance, the Procuracy. By the mid-1960s, Khrushchev's penal system was enmeshed in ... More


Khrushchev’s Reforms and the Late (And Post-)Soviet Gulag

Jeffrey S. Hardy

in The Gulag After Stalin: Redefining Punishment in Khrushchev's Soviet Union, 1953-1964

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9781501702792
eISBN:
9780801458514
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501702792.003.0007
Subject:
History, Russian and Former Soviet Union History

This chapter assesses Khrushchev's reforms in the penal sphere. The reforms of the Khrushchev period had an important lasting effect on the Soviet penal system. This certainly holds true in terms of ... More


Undoing the Reforms: The Campaign against “Liberalism” in the Gulag

Jeffrey S. Hardy

in The Gulag After Stalin: Redefining Punishment in Khrushchev's Soviet Union, 1953-1964

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9781501702792
eISBN:
9780801458514
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501702792.003.0005
Subject:
History, Russian and Former Soviet Union History

This chapter discusses the campaign against the post-Stalin reform of Soviet criminal justice. Stalin's rule left behind a powerful tough-on-crime psychology among Soviet society and Soviet ... More


The Regime: Surveillance, Forced Labor, and Total Care

Peter Zinoman

in The Colonial Bastille: A History of Imprisonment in Vietnam, 1862-1940

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520224124
eISBN:
9780520925175
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520224124.003.0004
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter examines the penal system regime in French Indochina. It explains that life inside the colonial prison was powerfully shaped by three factors including the conduct of the guards, the ... More


Divided Landscapes

Anoma Pieris

in Hidden Hands and Divided Landscapes: A Penal History of Singapore's Plural Society

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824832216
eISBN:
9780824870157
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824832216.003.0002
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter examines the motivations behind specific plural political divisions, inscribed on the colonial landscape of the Straits Settlements, as providing the rationale for racial segregation ... More


Getting Tough: Welfare and Imprisonment in 1970s America

Julilly Kohler-Hausmann

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780691174525
eISBN:
9781400885183
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691174525.001.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

In 1970s America, politicians began “getting tough” on drugs, crime, and welfare. These campaigns helped expand the nation's penal system, discredit welfare programs, and cast blame for the era's ... More


/The Spectacle of Reform: Theater and Prison in Hawthorne's Blithedale Romance

Jennifer Greiman

in Democracy's Spectacle: Sovereignty and Public Life in Antebellum American Writing

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780823230990
eISBN:
9780823241156
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823230990.003.0005
Subject:
Literature, American, 19th Century Literature

Chattel slavery provided a model of lawful violence, against which other forms of exceptional penalty — capital punishment, solitary confinement — operated in the United States in the early decades ... More


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