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Theorizing a New Death Penalty: Penal Reform on the Eve of the Revolution

Paul Friedland

in Seeing Justice Done: The Age of Spectacular Capital Punishment in France

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199592692
eISBN:
9780191741852
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199592692.003.0009
Subject:
History, European Medieval History, European Early Modern History

Scattered utopian and humanist writers had long imagined that prisons or forced labor might one day replace the death penalty, but it was only in the 1740s that punishment was explored from a ... More


Benthamite Discipline and Punishment; Or, What Foucault Missed

Terence Ball

in Reappraising Political Theory: Revisionist Studies in the History of Political Thought

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198279952
eISBN:
9780191598753
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198279957.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

In this chapter, I show how James Mill reworks and recycles the argument of a classic text—viz. Plato's Republic—and uses Plato's theory of justice and just punishment to legitimize Bentham's plans ... More


Universal Redemption and Social Reform

Ann Lee Bressler

in The Universalist Movement in America, 1770-1880

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195129861
eISBN:
9780199834013
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195129865.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

By the 1850s, when their denomination faced serious conflicts over its identity and direction, most Universalists tended to regard Hosea Ballou as a grandfatherly figure, a benign symbol of their ... More


The role of the media in women’s penal reform1

Gemma Birkett

in Women and Criminal Justice: From the Corston Report to Transforming Rehabilitation

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9781447319306
eISBN:
9781447319320
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447319306.003.0013
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

While there exists a broad political consensus about the unnecessary overuse of short custodial sentences for non-violent women a number of obstacles to the successful realisation of this strategy ... More


Restructuring the Penal Empire: Administration, Institutions, and Demographics

Jeffrey S. Hardy

in The Gulag After Stalin: Redefining Punishment in Khrushchev's Soviet Union, 1953-1964

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9781501702792
eISBN:
9780801458514
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501702792.003.0002
Subject:
History, Russian and Former Soviet Union History

This chapter discusses the impact of Stalin's death on 5 March 1953 on the Gulag. Stalin's passing, the ensuing power struggle, and the existing reformist tendencies within the Gulag all contributed ... More


Public Service and Party Politics

Philip Waller

in Writers, Readers, and Reputations: Literary Life in Britain 1870-1918

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199541201
eISBN:
9780191717284
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199541201.003.0025
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

Some writers considered the idea of authors involving themselves in politics as misguided, even absurd; but several stood for Parliament after the extension of the franchise in 1884 (Conan Doyle, ... More


A Gulag Without Stalin

Jeffrey S. Hardy

in The Gulag After Stalin: Redefining Punishment in Khrushchev's Soviet Union, 1953-1964

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9781501702792
eISBN:
9780801458514
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501702792.003.0001
Subject:
History, Russian and Former Soviet Union History

This introductory chapter provides an overview of the book's main themes. This book argues that the post-Stalin leadership, having inherited a massive, inefficient, violent, and corrupt penal system, ... More


Undoing the Reforms: The Campaign against “Liberalism” in the Gulag

Jeffrey S. Hardy

in The Gulag After Stalin: Redefining Punishment in Khrushchev's Soviet Union, 1953-1964

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9781501702792
eISBN:
9780801458514
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501702792.003.0005
Subject:
History, Russian and Former Soviet Union History

This chapter discusses the campaign against the post-Stalin reform of Soviet criminal justice. Stalin's rule left behind a powerful tough-on-crime psychology among Soviet society and Soviet ... More


A Khrushchevian Synthesis: The Birth of the Late Soviet Penal System

Jeffrey S. Hardy

in The Gulag After Stalin: Redefining Punishment in Khrushchev's Soviet Union, 1953-1964

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9781501702792
eISBN:
9780801458514
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501702792.003.0006
Subject:
History, Russian and Former Soviet Union History

This chapter discusses the late Soviet penal system. The early to mid-1960s was an era of idealism in the Soviet Union, fueled by rising standards of living, increased productivity, new scientific ... More


Reorienting the Aims of Imprisonment: Production, Reeducation, and Control

Jeffrey S. Hardy

in The Gulag After Stalin: Redefining Punishment in Khrushchev's Soviet Union, 1953-1964

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9781501702792
eISBN:
9780801458514
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501702792.003.0003
Subject:
History, Russian and Former Soviet Union History

This chapter discusses how the three aims of the Gulag—economics, reeducation, and control—were restructured in the post-Stalin era. During the 1950s, the three aims of the Gulag were debated heavily ... More


Oversight and Assistance: The Role of the Procuracy and Other Outside Agencies in Penal Operations

Jeffrey S. Hardy

in The Gulag After Stalin: Redefining Punishment in Khrushchev's Soviet Union, 1953-1964

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9781501702792
eISBN:
9780801458514
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501702792.003.0004
Subject:
History, Russian and Former Soviet Union History

This chapter focuses on the most powerful and important institution in the Gulag's new network of oversight and assistance, the Procuracy. By the mid-1960s, Khrushchev's penal system was enmeshed in ... More


Khrushchev’s Reforms and the Late (And Post-)Soviet Gulag

Jeffrey S. Hardy

in The Gulag After Stalin: Redefining Punishment in Khrushchev's Soviet Union, 1953-1964

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9781501702792
eISBN:
9780801458514
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501702792.003.0007
Subject:
History, Russian and Former Soviet Union History

This chapter assesses Khrushchev's reforms in the penal sphere. The reforms of the Khrushchev period had an important lasting effect on the Soviet penal system. This certainly holds true in terms of ... More


Lighting the “Dark and Evil World”: Judge J. Smith Henley, Arkansas, and the Federal Judiciary's Reform of the Southern Prison

Gregory L. Richard

in Nation within a Nation: The American South and the Federal Government

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780813049878
eISBN:
9780813050348
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813049878.003.0011
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

Gregory L. Richard focuses on federal penal reform and the June 1969 decision of Arkansas federal district court Judge J. Smith Henley on the inhumane treatment of prisoners. Henley's decision, ... More


Policing Impassioned Men

Mark E. Kann

in Taming Passion for the Public Good: Policing Sex in the Early Republic

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814770191
eISBN:
9780814759462
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814770191.003.0004
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century

This chapter examines how America's early civic leaders and public officials went about policing sex among men. If males were fundamentally creatures of passion, they were not good in governing other ... More


The Panopticon

Peter Otto

in Multiplying Worlds: Romanticism, Modernity, and the Emergence of Virtual Reality

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199567676
eISBN:
9780191725364
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199567676.003.0003
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century Literature and Romanticism, Film, Media, and Cultural Studies

Bentham's proposals for penal reform were published in Panopticon; or, The Inspection House (written in 1786) and its two Postscripts (1790, 1791). Focusing on these works, and diverging from ... More


The Convention Considers Reform Agendas

Dorothy Overstreet Pratt

in Sowing the Wind: The Mississippi Constitutional Convention of 1890

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781496815460
eISBN:
9781496815507
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Mississippi
DOI:
10.14325/mississippi/9781496815460.003.0007
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

This chapter examines the push by Major John W. Fewell to enfranchise women. At first he pressed this idea simply to counter the number of registered African American males, but eventually he ... More


Labour Blown off Course 1964–1967

Kenneth O Morgan

in The People’s Peace: British History 1945-1989

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198227649
eISBN:
9780191678769
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198227649.003.0007
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

With the Labour Party winning by a narrow majority, Harold Wilson prioritized science and technology, the arts, and education. Welfare, penal reform, and race relations were also tackled. The huge ... More


Delivering on Threats, 1971–1975

Daniel Burton-Rose

in Guerrilla USA: The George Jackson Brigade and the Anticapitalist Underground of the 1970s

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520264281
eISBN:
9780520936485
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520264281.003.0004
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

In the late 1960s, as anti-war activity reached its crest, a dramatic confrontation between young radicals and the criminal justice system took shape in the United States. Penal reform work had been ... More


‘Let Us Attack Injustice at Its Source’: Crime Literature in an Era of Revolution and Reform

Andrew Pepper

in Unwilling Executioner: Crime Fiction and the State

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780198716181
eISBN:
9780191784347
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198716181.003.0003
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory, Film, Media, and Cultural Studies

This chapter examines the context for penal reform in the second half of the eighteenth century as a pan-European phenomenon and brings together political works by Cesare Beccaria, Voltaire, and ... More


Talk with You Like a Woman: African American Women, Justice, and Reform in New York, 1890-1935

Cheryl D. Hicks

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9780807834244
eISBN:
9781469603759
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807882320_hicks
Subject:
History, African-American History

This book brings to light the voices and viewpoints of black working-class women, especially southern migrants, who were the subjects of urban and penal reform in early twentieth-century New York. ... More


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