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The glut of information

William A. Silverman

in Where's the Evidence?: Debates in Modern Medicine

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780192630889
eISBN:
9780191723568
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192630889.003.0007
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter presents a 1989 commentary on the growing number of medical articles being published each year. It considers the question of how readers can cope with this unprecedented glut of data. It ... More


The OECD and Economic Governance: Invisibility and Impotence?

Richard Woodward

in Mechanisms of OECD Governance: International Incentives for National Policy-Making?

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199591145
eISBN:
9780191594601
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199591145.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Political Economy

Chapter 3 sketches the OECD's role in economic governance, in particular the pursuit of its obligation to promote policies which maximize economic growth. While the OECD's work in the ... More


ETHICS AND THE POLITICAL IN MUSICAL RESEARCH

Kevin Korsyn

in Decentering Music: A Critique of Contemporary Musical Research

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195104547
eISBN:
9780199868988
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195104547.003.0011
Subject:
Music, Theory, Analysis, Composition

This chapter argues that the crisis of musical research is ultimately an ethical crisis: when we reduce others to representatives of factions, we objectify them and their language; when we submit to ... More


Publication and Peer Review

Adil E. Shamoo and David B. Resnik

in Responsible Conduct of Research

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195368246
eISBN:
9780199867615
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195368246.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

This chapter provides a historical overview of scientific publication and peer review and describes the current practices of scientific journals and granting agencies. It also examines a number of ... More


Social Policy Coordination and the Lisbon Strategy

Kenneth A. Armstrong

in Governing Social Inclusion: Europeanization through Policy Coordination

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199278374
eISBN:
9780191594861
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199278374.003.0003
Subject:
Law, EU Law

This chapter highlights the origins of, and motivations for, EU interventions to combat poverty and social exclusion in the 1980s and 1990s, and contrasts these with the explicit treaty commitments ... More


The Importance of Journal Articles

Bruce A. Thyer

in Preparing Research Articles

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195323375
eISBN:
9780199864430
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195323375.003.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

This introductory chapter explains how and why journal articles are generally according greater prestige and merit within the scientific community, relative to other forms of disseminating research ... More


Pseudoscience: The Conspiracy Against Science

Allison B. Kaufman and James C. Kaufman (eds)

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780262037426
eISBN:
9780262344814
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262037426.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

In a post-truth, fake news world, we are particularly susceptible to the claims of pseudoscience. When emotions and opinions are more widely disseminated than scientific findings, and self-proclaimed ... More


The Design of Competition Policy Institutions for the Twenty-first Century: The Experience of the European Commission and the Directorate-General for Competition

Philip Lowe

in Competition Policy in the EU: Fifty Years on from the Treaty of Rome

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199566358
eISBN:
9780191722790
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566358.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare, International

This chapter provides an overview of the components that are considered necessary for a modern framework for competition policy. It summarizes how over the last years the European Union has ... More


Good Science, Bad Science, or No Science At All?

Geoffrey E. Hill

in Ivorybill Hunters: Search for Proof in a Flooded Wilderness

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195323467
eISBN:
9780199773855
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195323467.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Ornithology

This chapter steps away from the particulars and discusses how ivorybill searches are and are not scientific undertakings. Science is defined as the testing of hypotheses that explain natural ... More


Publication Practices and Responsible Authorship

Ann Nichols-Casebolt

in Research Integrity and Responsible Conduct of Research

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195378108
eISBN:
9780199932634
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195378108.003.0007
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

Dissemination of research findings is an essential responsibility for investigators, thus it is important we assure the integrity of the process. This chapter examines various publication practices ... More


Medical Journals Can Be Less Biased

J. A. Muir Gray

in Better Doctors, Better Patients, Better Decisions: Envisioning Health Care 2020

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262016032
eISBN:
9780262298957
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262016032.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Health Psychology

The quality of medical research depends on the use of structured protocols. Problems associated with poor quality research reports range from poor design to improper management or irrelevant ... More


Ask the Experts: How Ford, Rockefeller, and the NEA Changed American Music

Michael Sy Uy

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780197510445
eISBN:
9780197510476
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197510445.001.0001
Subject:
Music, History, American

From the end of World War II through the U.S. Bicentennial, the National Endowment for the Arts, the Rockefeller Foundation, and the Ford Foundation granted close to $300 million (approximately $2.3 ... More


The Scientific Journal: Authorship and the Politics of Knowledge in the Nineteenth Century

Alex Csiszar

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780226553238
eISBN:
9780226553375
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226553375.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The scientific journal has long been viewed as central both to the identity of scientific practitioners and to the public legitimacy of scientific knowledge. But it was not always so. In Western ... More


An Editor's Guide to Writing and Publishing Science

Michael Hochberg

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780198804789
eISBN:
9780191843051
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198804789.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Biomathematics / Statistics and Data Analysis / Complexity Studies

Scientists must communicate their work through clear writing and publish it where it will be read. To succeed, you need method, but also need to understand the worlds of journals, publishers and ... More


The gatekeeper’s brouhaha

William A. Silverman

in Where's the Evidence?: Debates in Modern Medicine

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780192630889
eISBN:
9780191723568
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192630889.003.0029
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter presents a 1994 commentary on the machinations that go on in the conduct and reporting of clinical trials. A clinical trial is used to illustrate that temptations to circumvent the rules ... More


‘Methods-based’ reviews

William A. Silverman

in Where's the Evidence?: Debates in Modern Medicine

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780192630889
eISBN:
9780191723568
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192630889.003.0036
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter presents a 1996 commentary on peer review of medical research. In the past quarter century, prospective peer review of research proposals involving human beings has been required in most ... More


Trustworthy Information: Medical Journals and the Internet

George D. Lundberg

in The Trust Crisis in Healthcare: Causes, Consequences, and Cures

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195176360
eISBN:
9780199865598
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195176360.003.10
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Trustworthy information is a central requirement of a working healthcare system. This chapter describes how trust is important in medical communications, both in the published word and in medical ... More


Universities

Earle Holland

in A Field Guide for Science Writers

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195174991
eISBN:
9780197562239
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195174991.003.0046
Subject:
Computer Science, History of Computer Science

Science writing at a university has to be one of the world's great jobs. If the institution is serious about its research, you're a kid in a candy store. ... More


Institutional Communications During Crisis

Joann Ellison Rodgers

in A Field Guide for Science Writers

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195174991
eISBN:
9780197562239
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195174991.003.0047
Subject:
Computer Science, History of Computer Science

Shortly after I left daily newspapering in 1984 for a post in Johns Hopkins Medicine's public affairs office, I was called to a meeting of senior ... More


Peer Review

in Contested Medicine: Cancer Research and the Military

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226465319
eISBN:
9780226465333
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226465333.003.0007
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter explores the role of ethical peer review at Cincinnati and shows that contemporary judgments of Eugene Saenger were highly contingent and affected by social and political forces. It ... More


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