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Publication and Peer Review

Adil E. Shamoo and David B. Resnik

in Responsible Conduct of Research

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195368246
eISBN:
9780199867615
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195368246.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

This chapter provides a historical overview of scientific publication and peer review and describes the current practices of scientific journals and granting agencies. It also examines a number of ... More


The OECD and Economic Governance: Invisibility and Impotence?

Richard Woodward

in Mechanisms of OECD Governance: International Incentives for National Policy-Making?

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199591145
eISBN:
9780191594601
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199591145.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Political Economy

Chapter 3 sketches the OECD's role in economic governance, in particular the pursuit of its obligation to promote policies which maximize economic growth. While the OECD's work in the ... More


Critical Analysis of the TPRM

Mathias Kende

in The Trade Policy Review Mechanism: A Critical Analysis

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
April 2018
ISBN:
9780198817611
eISBN:
9780191859137
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198817611.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter covers the historical development of the WTO’s mechanism for peer review. It examines the conceptual development of peer review and distils typical core elements (objectives, structure, ... More


Guiding Principles for Peer Review:Unlocking Learners’ Evaluative Skills

David Nicol

in Advances and Innovations in University Assessment and Feedback

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780748694549
eISBN:
9781474400787
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748694549.003.0011
Subject:
Education, Educational Policy and Politics

David Nicol examines closely how learners’ capacities for self-regulation may be strengthened by developing their skills in making evaluative judgements. He identifies peer review as a key means for ... More


The glut of information

William A. Silverman

in Where's the Evidence?: Debates in Modern Medicine

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780192630889
eISBN:
9780191723568
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192630889.003.0007
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter presents a 1989 commentary on the growing number of medical articles being published each year. It considers the question of how readers can cope with this unprecedented glut of data. It ... More


The Importance of Journal Articles

Bruce A. Thyer

in Preparing Research Articles

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195323375
eISBN:
9780199864430
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195323375.003.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

This introductory chapter explains how and why journal articles are generally according greater prestige and merit within the scientific community, relative to other forms of disseminating research ... More


ETHICS AND THE POLITICAL IN MUSICAL RESEARCH

Kevin Korsyn

in Decentering Music: A Critique of Contemporary Musical Research

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195104547
eISBN:
9780199868988
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195104547.003.0011
Subject:
Music, Theory, Analysis, Composition

This chapter argues that the crisis of musical research is ultimately an ethical crisis: when we reduce others to representatives of factions, we objectify them and their language; when we submit to ... More


Publication Practices and Responsible Authorship

Ann Nichols-Casebolt

in Research Integrity and Responsible Conduct of Research

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195378108
eISBN:
9780199932634
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195378108.003.0007
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

Dissemination of research findings is an essential responsibility for investigators, thus it is important we assure the integrity of the process. This chapter examines various publication practices ... More


Medical Journals Can Be Less Biased

J. A. Muir Gray

in Better Doctors, Better Patients, Better Decisions: Envisioning Health Care 2020

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262016032
eISBN:
9780262298957
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262016032.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Health Psychology

The quality of medical research depends on the use of structured protocols. Problems associated with poor quality research reports range from poor design to improper management or irrelevant ... More


Social Policy Coordination and the Lisbon Strategy

Kenneth A. Armstrong

in Governing Social Inclusion: Europeanization through Policy Coordination

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199278374
eISBN:
9780191594861
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199278374.003.0003
Subject:
Law, EU Law

This chapter highlights the origins of, and motivations for, EU interventions to combat poverty and social exclusion in the 1980s and 1990s, and contrasts these with the explicit treaty commitments ... More


‘Methods-based’ reviews

William A. Silverman

in Where's the Evidence?: Debates in Modern Medicine

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780192630889
eISBN:
9780191723568
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192630889.003.0036
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter presents a 1996 commentary on peer review of medical research. In the past quarter century, prospective peer review of research proposals involving human beings has been required in most ... More


Good Science, Bad Science, or No Science At All?

Geoffrey E. Hill

in Ivorybill Hunters: Search for Proof in a Flooded Wilderness

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195323467
eISBN:
9780199773855
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195323467.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Ornithology

This chapter steps away from the particulars and discusses how ivorybill searches are and are not scientific undertakings. Science is defined as the testing of hypotheses that explain natural ... More


Trustworthy Information: Medical Journals and the Internet

George D. Lundberg

in The Trust Crisis in Healthcare: Causes, Consequences, and Cures

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195176360
eISBN:
9780199865598
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195176360.003.10
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Trustworthy information is a central requirement of a working healthcare system. This chapter describes how trust is important in medical communications, both in the published word and in medical ... More


Conclusions

Mathias Kende

in The Trade Policy Review Mechanism: A Critical Analysis

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
April 2018
ISBN:
9780198817611
eISBN:
9780191859137
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198817611.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

The Conclusion to this book confirms that the TPRM has functioned relatively well but that its performance could and should be improved in order for it to remain politically relevant. In this regard, ... More


Patrolling Professional Borders

Colleen Derkatch

in Bounding Biomedicine: Evidence and Rhetoric in the New Science of Alternative Medicine

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780226345840
eISBN:
9780226345987
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226345987.003.0003
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Chapter Two examines how medical commentators on complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) situate their texts in medical journals, on subjects not typically under the purview of such journals, in ... More


Was a Fourth Pillar of Global Economic Architecture Created?

Eric Helleiner

in The Status Quo Crisis: Global Financial Governance After the 2008 Meltdown

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199973637
eISBN:
9780190203207
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199973637.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

When the Financial Stability Board was created in 2009, it was heralded as a new “fourth pillar” of global economic architecture—alongside the International Monetary Fund, World Bank, and World Trade ... More


Marijuana and Driving: Trends, Design Issues, and Future Recommendations

Anthony Liguori

in Pot Politics: Marijuana and the Costs of Prohibition

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195188028
eISBN:
9780199893577
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195188028.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Psychopharmacology

This chapter summarizes the current state of peer-reviewed research on acute marijuana effects on both actual and simulated driving. Most research on the connection between marijuana use and driving ... More


The Design of Competition Policy Institutions for the Twenty-first Century: The Experience of the European Commission and the Directorate-General for Competition

Philip Lowe

in Competition Policy in the EU: Fifty Years on from the Treaty of Rome

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199566358
eISBN:
9780191722790
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566358.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare, International

This chapter provides an overview of the components that are considered necessary for a modern framework for competition policy. It summarizes how over the last years the European Union has ... More


The Emergence of Non-binding, Auxiliary Enforcement Procedures: Expert Management of Compliance with Directives

Stine Andersen

in The Enforcement of EU Law: The Role of the European Commission

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199645442
eISBN:
9780191749582
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199645442.003.0007
Subject:
Law, EU Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This chapter discusses the Commission's practice of establishing groups composed of member state experts on implementation. The groups are established on an ad hoc basis and their aim is to identify ... More


Beyond Metrics: Community Authorization and Open Peer Review

Kathleen Fitzpatrick

in Debates in the Digital Humanities

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780816677948
eISBN:
9781452948379
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816677948.003.0046
Subject:
Education, Philosophy and Theory of Education

This chapter first examines the mismatch between conventional peer review as it has been practiced since the mid-twentieth century and the structures of intellectual engagement on the Internet. Over ... More


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