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Susceptibility To Oppositional Peer Cultures

Karolyn Tyson

in Integration Interrupted: Tracking, Black Students, and Acting White after Brown

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199736447
eISBN:
9780199943951
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199736447.003.0021
Subject:
Sociology, Education

This chapter addresses high-achieving adolescents' vulnerability to peer cultures that are oppositional to the norms and values of schools. These include youth subcultures in which students are ... More


Why the BEPGs Failed to Bite

Dermot Hodson

in Governing the Euro Area in Good Times and Bad

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199572502
eISBN:
9780191728860
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199572502.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy, European Union

This chapter seeks to explain why the Broad Economic Policy Guidelines (BEPGs) failed to bite as an instrument of peer pressure. Its central argument is that the guidelines suffer from serious ... More


Country as Global Market: Netherlands, Calvinism, and the Joint-Stock Company

John F. Padgett

in The Emergence of Organizations and Markets

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691148670
eISBN:
9781400845552
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691148670.003.0007
Subject:
Sociology, Economic Sociology

This chapter argues that certain Dutch organizational innovations were all interlinked through their common genesis mechanism of “migration and homology.” Migration refers to two tidal waves of ... More


Ancestral Human Society

Samuel Bowles and Herbert Gintis

in A Cooperative Species: Human Reciprocity and Its Evolution

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151250
eISBN:
9781400838837
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151250.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

This chapter examines the notion that humans became cooperative because in our ancestral environments we interacted frequently with the same group of close kin, among whom tit-for-tat and other ... More


East Asia's Response to the 1997 Crisis: Economic Reforms, Growth, and Integration in East Asia

Yung Chul Park and Charles Wyplosz

in Monetary and Financial Integration in East Asia: The Relevance of European Experience

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199587124
eISBN:
9780191723377
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199587124.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics, South and East Asia

The 1997 crisis has left a long-lasting imprint, both in terms of economic performance and in the way the countries of the region relate to the rest of the world. The crisis has exposed pre-existing ... More


Frances Gershwin Godowsky: “George Gershwin Was My Brother ” (1962)

Robert Wyatt and John Andrew Johnson

in The George Gershwin Reader

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195327113
eISBN:
9780199851249
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195327113.003.0002
Subject:
Music, Popular

This chapter presents Frances Gershwin Godowski's opinion about her brother George Gershwin. It states that Gershwin had a reputation as a ladies' man, however, he was always somewhat guarded about ... More


Social Influence, Aggression, Violence, and War

Robyn M. Holmes

in Cultural Psychology: Exploring Culture and Mind in Diverse Communities

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
April 2020
ISBN:
9780199343805
eISBN:
9780197503089
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199343805.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Chapter 10 explores the ways culture shapes how we behave in the presence of others, aggression, violence, and war. It discusses obedience, Milgram’s experiment, obedience and culture, and ... More


Musician Identity Formation

Jane W. Davidson and Karen Burland

in The Child as Musician: A handbook of musical development

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198530329
eISBN:
9780191689765
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198530329.003.0024
Subject:
Psychology, Music Psychology

This chapter shows in the case of classical music exposure, experiences during mid to late adolescence seems to shape the career decisions made ... More


Childhood poverty: a barrier to social participation and inclusion

Tess Ridge

in Children, young people and social inclusion: Participation for what?

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861346629
eISBN:
9781447301820
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861346629.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Marriage and the Family

Participation is a fundamental principle of social inclusion, and ‘fitting in’ with the everyday activities and expectations of peers is a driving force in children's lives. Poverty can have a ... More


West African Economic and Monetary Union: Central Bankers Drive Basel Under IMF Pressure

Ousseni Illy and Seydou Ouedraogo

in The Political Economy of Bank Regulation in Developing Countries: Risk and Reputation

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780198841999
eISBN:
9780191878046
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198841999.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

The West African Economic and Monetary Union (WAEMU) moved to adopt Basel II and III standards in 2016 after implementing Basel I for many years. Given the weak development of the financial sector in ... More


Local Competition and PMSCs’ Behavior in Civil Wars

Seden Akcinaroglu and Elizabeth Radziszewski

in Private Militaries and the Security Industry in Civil Wars: Competition and Market Accountability

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780197520802
eISBN:
9780197520833
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197520802.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Political Economy

What is the significance of local or conflict-level competition on PMSCs’ military effectiveness? And what is the mechanism through which such competition improves PMSCs’ accountability? This chapter ... More


Commentary: Dealing with Conflicts of Interest: Is Virtue Ethics Tough Enough?

Alastair V. Campbell

in The Future of Bioethics: International Dialogues

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199682676
eISBN:
9780191763168
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199682676.003.0097
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Although Virtue Ethics (VE) is an important approach to medical ethics, it may not be adequate for meeting the ever-increasing conflicts of interest in modern health care. There are several ... More


The Financial Action Task Force as the Norm-Creator in the Anti-Money Laundering Field

Cecily Rose

in International Anti-Corruption Norms: Their Creation and Influence on Domestic Legal Systems

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2015
ISBN:
9780198737216
eISBN:
9780191800726
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198737216.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Law of Obligations

This chapter examines the 40 Recommendations of the Financial Action Task Force (FATF), which has been producing anti-money laundering standards since 1990. As an intergovernmental organization ... More


Beyond teenage biology

Amy Adele Hasinoff

in Sexting Panic: Rethinking Criminalization, Privacy, and Consent

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252038983
eISBN:
9780252096969
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252038983.003.0003
Subject:
Society and Culture, Gender Studies

This chapter examines the implications of the dominant discourse about the unruly biology of adolescence. In particular, it challenges the notion that sexting is the result of teenage hormones and ... More


The Descent of the Spirit

Arthur J. Magida

in Opening the Doors of Wonder: Reflections on Religious Rites of Passage

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520245457
eISBN:
9780520941717
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520245457.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Religious Studies

Objective forms of asceticism and various forms of abstinence advocated by religion, in assurance of a confirmed non-malicious life order, are often difficult to practically inculcate owing to ... More


Explaining the Rise in Youth Suicide

M. Cutler David, L. Glaeser Edward, and E. Norberg Karen

in Risky Behavior among Youths: An Economic Analysis

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226310138
eISBN:
9780226309972
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226309972.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Behavioural Economics

This chapter examines some of the economic and social roots of youth suicide and suicide attempts. It presents two stories, the first reported by Rene Diekstra and the second witnessed by one of the ... More


A Planet of Nations

Paul F. Steinberg

in Who Rules the Earth?: How Social Rules Shape Our Planet and Our Lives

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199896615
eISBN:
9780197563250
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199896615.003.0011
Subject:
Environmental Science, Social Impact of Environmental Issues

On December 24, 1989, a man named Charles Taylor marshaled a band of armed rebels in the northern part of Liberia, a small country on the coast of West ... More


Keep the Change

Paul F. Steinberg

in Who Rules the Earth?: How Social Rules Shape Our Planet and Our Lives

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199896615
eISBN:
9780197563250
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199896615.003.0015
Subject:
Environmental Science, Social Impact of Environmental Issues

On a fall morning in 1980, Pitzer College freshman George Somogyi walked out of his dormitory, looked up, and froze in his tracks. In front of him was ... More


Sex and the Single Student

Simon J. Bronner

in Campus Traditions: Folklore from the Old-Time College to the Modern Mega-University

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2014
ISBN:
9781617036163
eISBN:
9781621036173
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Mississippi
DOI:
10.14325/mississippi/9781617036163.003.0009
Subject:
Literature, Folk Literature

Sex and the anxieties it presents are inextricably linked to campus life. Much of the folklore about sex in college addresses power relationships as well as erotic practices among professors and ... More


Mothers of Academically Successful Daughters The Mothers’ Voices

Freeman A. Hrabowski, Kenneth I. Maton, Monica Greene, and Geoffrey L. Greif

in Overcoming the Odds: Raising Academically Successful African American Young Women

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195126426
eISBN:
9780197561362
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195126426.003.0005
Subject:
Education, Educational Policy and Politics

For many of the mothers we interviewed for this book, it does not matter how talented their daughters are academically, because they believe their daughters’ success ... More


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