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‘A Commanding Commercial Position’: The African Settlement of Bolama Island and Anglo-Portuguese Rivalry (1830–1870)

PHILIP J. HAVIK

in Brokers of Change: Atlantic Commerce and Cultures in Pre-Colonial Western Africa

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780197265208
eISBN:
9780191754180
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197265208.003.0015
Subject:
History, World Early Modern History

The attempt to establish plantation agriculture on the island of Bolama by British settlers in the early 1790s triggered a scramble for West Africa's resources in the Guinea Bissau region. The ... More


‘Legitimate’ Traders, the Building of Empires, and the Long-Term After-Effects in Africa

MARIKA SHERWOOD

in Brokers of Change: Atlantic Commerce and Cultures in Pre-Colonial Western Africa

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780197265208
eISBN:
9780191754180
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197265208.003.0016
Subject:
History, World Early Modern History

This chapter tries to find answers to some important questions regarding ‘legitimate trade’. While the 1807 Act made trading in enslaved Africans illegal, was it legitimate to trade in African ... More


The Music of Peanut Butter

Jon Krampner

in Creamy and Crunchy: An Informal History of Peanut Butter, the All-American Food

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231162333
eISBN:
9780231530934
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231162333.003.0011
Subject:
History, Social History

This chapter examines how songs about peanuts and peanut butter are woven into American pop culture. Examples of songs devoted to peanuts and peanut butter are “Goober Peas,” the melodic Civil ... More


“You Mean It’s Not Good for Me?”

Jon Krampner

in Creamy and Crunchy: An Informal History of Peanut Butter, the All-American Food

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231162333
eISBN:
9780231530934
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231162333.003.0015
Subject:
History, Social History

This chapter examines health concerns regarding peanut butter. In the late 1980s, peanut butter's abiding popularity was demonstrated by the appearance of stores exclusively devoted to selling ... More


The Search for Religious Authenticity and the Case of Passover Peanut Oil

Zev Eleff

in Feasting and Fasting: The History and Ethics of Jewish Food

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9781479899333
eISBN:
9781479893133
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479899333.003.0012
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter uses the rise and fall of a popular Passover cooking ingredient to explore the role of competing European folkways to determine the religious course of American Orthodox Judaism. In the ... More


The Peanut Butter Crisis of 1980

Jon Krampner

in Creamy and Crunchy: An Informal History of Peanut Butter, the All-American Food

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231162333
eISBN:
9780231530934
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231162333.003.0014
Subject:
History, Social History

This chapter focuses on the peanut butter crisis of 1980. The year 1980 was the worst one peanut farmers had seen for two generations. In late August 1980, Roger Knapp, director of commodity ... More


Where Are the Peanut Butters of Yesteryear?

Jon Krampner

in Creamy and Crunchy: An Informal History of Peanut Butter, the All-American Food

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231162333
eISBN:
9780231530934
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231162333.003.0019
Subject:
History, Social History

This chapter examines peanut butter brands which have disappeared from the U.S. market. The varieties of peanut butter available have expanded in recent years, but the peanut butter industry, like ... More


The Social Rise of the Peanut

Jon Krampner

in Creamy and Crunchy: An Informal History of Peanut Butter, the All-American Food

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231162333
eISBN:
9780231530934
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231162333.003.0002
Subject:
History, Social History

This chapter charts the social rise of peanuts in the United States. About half of the American crop of peanuts is turned into peanut butter, a quarter is used to make snack nuts, and a quarter winds ... More


The Birth of Peanut Butter

Jon Krampner

in Creamy and Crunchy: An Informal History of Peanut Butter, the All-American Food

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231162333
eISBN:
9780231530934
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231162333.003.0003
Subject:
History, Social History

This chapter charts the birth of peanut butter and the peanut butter industry in the United States. Peanut butter began as an upper-class food: guests at turn-of-the-twentieth-century health ... More


Peter Pan: “Improved by Hydrogenation”

Jon Krampner

in Creamy and Crunchy: An Informal History of Peanut Butter, the All-American Food

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231162333
eISBN:
9780231530934
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231162333.003.0004
Subject:
History, Social History

This chapter charts the history of the Peter Pan brand of peanut butter and the hydrogenation process. The 1920s saw progress in the peanut butter industry with the introduction of hydrogenation. ... More


Creamy and Crunchy: An Informal History of Peanut Butter, the All-American Food

Jon Krampner

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231162333
eISBN:
9780231530934
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231162333.001.0001
Subject:
History, Social History

This book is a popular history of peanut butter, the all-American comfort food that is found in the pantries of at least seventy-five percent of American kitchens. The book shows that, to a ... More


The Rise and Fall of the Florunner

Jon Krampner

in Creamy and Crunchy: An Informal History of Peanut Butter, the All-American Food

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231162333
eISBN:
9780231530934
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231162333.003.0013
Subject:
History, Social History

This chapter focuses on the rise and fall of the use of the Florunner in peanut butter. The Florunner was developed by Al Norden, a peanut breeder and professor of agronomy at the University of ... More


The Short, Happy Life of Sorrells Pickard

Jon Krampner

in Creamy and Crunchy: An Informal History of Peanut Butter, the All-American Food

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231162333
eISBN:
9780231530934
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231162333.003.0016
Subject:
History, Social History

This chapter examines the rise of the Sorrells Pickard brand of peanut butter. Sorrells Pickard, whose real name was Jimmy Bazzell, was a charismatic and accomplished country-and-western musician ... More


Peanut Corporation of America: “There Was No Red Flag”

Jon Krampner

in Creamy and Crunchy: An Informal History of Peanut Butter, the All-American Food

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231162333
eISBN:
9780231530934
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231162333.003.0017
Subject:
History, Social History

This chapter examines the Salmonella outbreaks involving peanut butter made by Stewart Parnell's Peanut Corporation of America (PCA). On December 21, 2008, seventy-two-year-old Shirley Almer died in ... More


Peanut Butter Saves the World

Jon Krampner

in Creamy and Crunchy: An Informal History of Peanut Butter, the All-American Food

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231162333
eISBN:
9780231530934
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231162333.003.0018
Subject:
History, Social History

This chapter examines the role of peanut butter in fighting Third World hunger. Third World children starve because their mothers are unable to produce enough milk for them or cannot afford to buy ... More


Hesitant Sovereignties: Logics, Logistics, and Aesthetics of French Rule

François G. Richard

in Reluctant Landscapes: Historical Anthropologies of Political Experience in Siin, Senegal

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780226252407
eISBN:
9780226252681
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226252681.003.0007
Subject:
Anthropology, African Cultural Anthropology

Chapter 7 revisits the problems of colonialism and the colonial state by analyzing the brittle foundations of French power in rural Senegal and the deeply contested history of colonial rule in the ... More


Peanuts 101

Jon Krampner

in Creamy and Crunchy: An Informal History of Peanut Butter, the All-American Food

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231162333
eISBN:
9780231530934
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231162333.003.0001
Subject:
History, Social History

This chapter charts the history of peanut butter, dating back to about 80 million years ago when the Coastal Plain began to form along the southeastern and Gulf coasts of what is now the United ... More


Skippy on Top

Jon Krampner

in Creamy and Crunchy: An Informal History of Peanut Butter, the All-American Food

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231162333
eISBN:
9780231530934
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231162333.003.0007
Subject:
History, Social History

This chapter focuses on how the Skippy brand of peanut butter became the market leaders in the peanut butter industry in the United States. After World War II, Skippy cemented its dominance in the ... More


Jif: “But Is It Still Peanut Butter?”

Jon Krampner

in Creamy and Crunchy: An Informal History of Peanut Butter, the All-American Food

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231162333
eISBN:
9780231530934
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231162333.003.0008
Subject:
History, Social History

This chapter charts the history of the Jif brand of peanut butter. In 1946 William T. Young, who served stateside as an officer in the ordnance branch of the U.S. Army during World War II, started ... More


“Peanut Envy”: The United Center’s War against Sidewalk Vendors

Sean Dinces

in Bulls Markets: Chicago's Basketball Business and the New Inequality

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780226583211
eISBN:
9780226583358
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226583358.003.0005
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

Chapter 5 documents efforts by United Center ownership to purge nearby sidewalks of independent peanut vendors who competed for local concessions revenues. The first iteration of these efforts ... More


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