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Introduction: Reconstruction off track

Graciana del Castillo

in Rebuilding War-Torn States: The Challenge of Post-Conflict Economic Reconstruction

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199237739
eISBN:
9780191717239
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199237739.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental, International

Iraq and Afghanistan are hardly alone in having to face failure in their transition to peace. Since the end of the Cold War, countries at low levels of development — ranging from Haiti to ... More


Scope of Application of the Doctrine of Command Responsibility—International and Internal Conflicts as well as Peacetime?

Guenael Mettraux

in The Law of Command Responsibility

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199559329
eISBN:
9780191705304
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199559329.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology, Public International Law

This chapter discusses the scope of application of the doctrine of superior responsibility, in particular the question of whether it applies in the context of both international as well as internal ... More


Mergers, Diversification, and Large-Scale Special Steelmaking

Geoffrey Tweedale

in Steel City: Entrepreneurship, Strategy, and Technology in Sheffield 1743-1993

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198288664
eISBN:
9780191684623
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198288664.003.0076
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History

As this chapter initially focuses on the division in steel manufacture between special steelmakers in Sheffield and the bulk producers in the northeast and South Wales and in other areas, it also ... More


Sheffield Steel in War and Peace to 1960

Geoffrey Tweedale

in Steel City: Entrepreneurship, Strategy, and Technology in Sheffield 1743-1993

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198288664
eISBN:
9780191684623
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198288664.003.0085
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History

Since the world steel industry depended greatly on the capital goods sector, it was significantly affected by the great depression. Since Sheffield firms were some of the most prominent in the ... More


Killing People or Animals to Benefit Others

Eric Rakowski

in Equal Justice

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198240792
eISBN:
9780191680274
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198240792.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter focuses on the permissibility of killing innocents in peacetime who, at the time of their deaths, do not willingly offer their lives to benefit others. Beginning with the question ... More


Continuity in the Soldiers' Lives

J. G. Fuller

in Troop Morale and Popular Culture in the British and Dominion Armies 1914–1918

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198201786
eISBN:
9780191675010
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198201786.003.0010
Subject:
History, World Modern History, Military History

This chapter discusses the continuity of the leisure and recreational traditions of the British and Dominion armies even after the war. The development of recreation in the British army, including ... More


A Reason to Be!

George F. Hofmann

in Through Mobility We Conquer: The Mechanization of U.S. Cavalry

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813124032
eISBN:
9780813134819
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813124032.003.0004
Subject:
History, Military History

This chapter examines the conflict over the transition to a peacetime military policy and doctrine in the U.S. after World War I. It discusses the U.S. Army's efforts to improve its war capability in ... More


Human Rights in Armed Conflict: International Humanitarian Law *

Yoram Dinstein

in Human Rights in International Law: Legal and Policy Issues

Published in print:
1986
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198255406
eISBN:
9780191681592
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198255406.003.0009
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter discusses humanitarian law, one of the principal historic sources of human rights. It considers not only the essence of human rights in armed conflict and the interplay of human rights ... More


The Supreme Court on Private Property and War

Burrus M. Carnahan

in Act of Justice: Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation and the Law of War

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813124636
eISBN:
9780813134871
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813124636.003.0003
Subject:
History, American History: Civil War

This chapter discusses the application of the laws of war that focus primarily on the relations between enemies, and not persons on the same side. It presents two nineteenth-century decisions of the ... More


Legal Aspects of Arms Control Measures Concerning the Missile Carrying Submarines and Anti-Submarine Warfare *

Detlev F. Vagts and Theodor Meron

in Humanizing the Laws of War: Selected Writings of Richard Baxter

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199680252
eISBN:
9780191760181
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199680252.003.0012
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter discusses the law of the sea in time of peace. It covers the high seas, straight baselines, the territorial sea, straits, other offshore areas, consequences for submarines and ... More


Communism and the Implosion of the Republic February–July 1936

StanLey G. Payne

in The Spanish Civil War, the Soviet Union, and Communism

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300100686
eISBN:
9780300130782
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300100686.003.0005
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter studies the implosion of the Spanish Republic between the winter and summer of 1936. Some comparable cases can be found in Italy, Germany, and Hungary in the immediate aftermath of World ... More


War, Occupation, Exile, Liberation (1655–1661)

David Frick

in Kith, Kin, and Neighbors: Communities and Confessions in Seventeenth-Century Wilno

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801451287
eISBN:
9780801467530
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801451287.003.0012
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter focuses on a moment of crisis—the Muscovite occupation of the city in the years 1655–1661 that would test Wilno’s peculiar form of convivencia and see it ultimately restored to something ... More


Making Peace

Michele K. Troy

in Strange Bird: The Albatross Press and the Third Reich

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780300215687
eISBN:
9780300228076
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300215687.003.0022
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter examines the publishing activities of the three former Albatross Press leaders—John Holroyd-Reece, Max Christian Wegner, and Kurt Enoch— during peacetime. Rumors of a pending Allied ... More


Rising from the Ashes

Michele K. Troy

in Strange Bird: The Albatross Press and the Third Reich

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780300215687
eISBN:
9780300228076
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300215687.003.0023
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter examines how Albatross Press revived its publishing business after World War II. In peacetime, John Holroyd-Reece envisioned an Albatross with more international ties than ever to ... More


Implications of Mission Revolution

Jennifer Morrison Taw

in Mission Revolution: The U.S. Military and Stability Operations

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231153256
eISBN:
9780231526821
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231153256.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Security Studies

This chapter explores some of the implications of the military's adoption of stability operations or militarization. Militarization can be divided into two kinds, namely, peacetime extension and ... More


Divided Loyalties: Countersubversion in the 1920s

Alex Goodall

in Loyalty and Liberty: American Countersubversion from World War I to the McCarthy Era

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252038037
eISBN:
9780252095313
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252038037.003.0005
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter focuses on how the Palmer Raids of the winter of 1919–20 were the most draconian single instance of federal repression in the United States' peacetime history. Nothing in the McCarthy ... More


Introduction

Anthony W. Fontes

in Mortal Doubt: Transnational Gangs and Social Order in Guatemala City

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780520297081
eISBN:
9780520969599
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520297081.003.0001
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

This chapter presents the rise of extreme peacetime violence in Guatemala City and in the Northern Triangle of Central America more generally, detailing the conditions of severe uncertainty over the ... More


The Growth of a Social Work Agency

in Families and Social Workers: The Work of Family Service Units 1940–1985

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780853236566
eISBN:
9781846313127
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9780853236566.003.0004
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter describes the development of a social work agency. The Manchester and Liverpool Family Service Units (FSU) became firmly grounded in their peacetime style in the late 1940s. FSU had ... More


Photomosaics: Mapping the Front, Mapping the City

Paul K. Saint-Amour

in From Above: War, Violence, and Verticality

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780199334797
eISBN:
9780199388226
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199334797.003.0006
Subject:
History, Military History

This chapter is about a period of technology transfer which occurred within the dozen or so years after the close of the First World War, when wartime reconnaissance techniques and operations were ... More


Identity: Native American Biculturalism

Kim Cary Warren

in The Quest for Citizenship: African American and Native American Education in Kansas, 1880-1935

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9780807833964
eISBN:
9781469604978
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807899441_warren.10
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter discusses the Haskell Institute boarding school's homecoming celebration and dedication of its new football stadium. Months before anyone arrived to pitch canvas tents and tepees on the ... More


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