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The Hague and the Public Conscience, 1899–1907

Ian Clark

in International Legitimacy and World Society

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199297009
eISBN:
9780191711428
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199297009.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Unlike the other cases, the two conferences held at The Hague are not normally identified with a single normative principle. Nonetheless, the meetings were characterized by a great emphasis upon ... More


1907–1914: The Pre-War Peace Movement

PAUL LAITY

in The British Peace Movement 1870-1914

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199248353
eISBN:
9780191714672
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199248353.003.07
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

As the international crisis intensified, issues of peace and war were pushed to the front of British politics and peace activists, or pacifists as they were increasingly known, increased in number. ... More


The British Peace Movement 1870-1914

Paul Laity

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199248353
eISBN:
9780191714672
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199248353.001.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This book covers the late Victorian and Edwardian peace movement, the campaigns of which made a significant impact on political debate, especially during the Franco-Prussian War (1870–1871), the ... More


1889–1899: The Universal Peace Congresses, the Arms Race, and the Concert of Europe

PAUL LAITY

in The British Peace Movement 1870-1914

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199248353
eISBN:
9780191714672
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199248353.003.05
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

In 1889, the Conservative government in Britain launched a new programme of military shipbuilding that would set off an arms race. In the same year, however, nearly seventy international congresses ... More


1899–1907: The Hague Conferences and the South African War

PAUL LAITY

in The British Peace Movement 1870-1914

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199248353
eISBN:
9780191714672
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199248353.003.06
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

In 1898, Russian Tsar Nicholas II, partly for reasons of his country's interest and partly from humanitarian impulse, invited the powers to a conference to discuss the worrying build-up of armaments ... More


The Joseph Sturge Era: Pacifist Pressure, 1832–1845

Martin Ceadel

in The Origins of War Prevention: The British Peace Movement and International Relations 1730-1854

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198226741
eISBN:
9780191678660
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198226741.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

From 1832 the pilot light burned more fiercely as the Peace Society turned itself into a pressure group. This overtly political role was made possible by a new domestic environment in which ... More


1816–1870: The Peace Society, the First International, and the Reform League

PAUL LAITY

in The British Peace Movement 1870-1914

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199248353
eISBN:
9780191714672
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199248353.003.01
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

The first peace movement in Britain emerged in response to the Napoleonic Wars and involved both pacifists and pacific-ists. The pacifists were mostly, but not only, Quakers, whereas the pacific-ists ... More


The Richard Cobden Era: Pacificist Permeation, October 1848–September 1851

Martin Ceadel

in The Origins of War Prevention: The British Peace Movement and International Relations 1730-1854

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198226741
eISBN:
9780191678660
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198226741.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

During the three years following the Brussels congress, the British peace movement was to glide higher than at any time prior to the 1920s and 1930s, when hopes for a League of Nations and fear of ... More


From Kossuth to the Crimea: Setbacks yet Entrenchment, October 1851–March 1854

Martin Ceadel

in The Origins of War Prevention: The British Peace Movement and International Relations 1730-1854

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198226741
eISBN:
9780191678660
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198226741.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

After three and a half decades of continuous and accelerating progress, peace thinking faced four setbacks from the autumn of 1851 onwards, caused by both domestic and international factors. The ... More


Semi-Detached Idealists: The British Peace Movement and International Relations, 1854-1945

Martin Ceadel

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199241170
eISBN:
9780191696893
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199241170.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Britain's semi-detached geographical position has helped to give it the world's strongest peace movement. Secure enough from invasions to be influenced by an idealistic approach to international ... More


‘Put My Name Down’: US Communism and Peace Songs in the Early Cold War Years

Robbie Lieberman

in Red Strains: Music and Communism Outside the Communist Bloc

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780197265390
eISBN:
9780191760440
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197265390.003.0010
Subject:
Music, History, Western

At the height of the McCarthy era, a period that marked the low point of both communism and peace activism in the United States, the communist left continued to promote its ideas about peace through ... More


Struggle, October 1851–December 1866

Martin Ceadel

in Semi-Detached Idealists: The British Peace Movement and International Relations, 1854-1945

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199241170
eISBN:
9780191696893
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199241170.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

In the history of the peace movement, the Great Exhibition and London Peace Congress are remembered as the peace movement's most confident moments but it was thrown onto the defensive as the French ... More


The Origins of War Prevention: The British Peace Movement and International Relations 1730-1854

Martin Ceadel

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198226741
eISBN:
9780191678660
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198226741.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This book identifies the dominant pre-modern theory of international relations, which fatalistically assumed that war was beyond human control. It then shows how this theory was undermined from the ... More


The Reaction of the Peace Movement to European War

PAUL LAITY

in The British Peace Movement 1870-1914

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199248353
eISBN:
9780191714672
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199248353.003.08
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

In August 1914, after a hastily organised campaign for British neutrality, the peace movement divided: some peace activists supported British intervention in the war in Europe, while others opposed ... More


Introduction

PAUL LAITY

in The British Peace Movement 1870-1914

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199248353
eISBN:
9780191714672
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199248353.003.09
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

The belief that war could be abolished became a permanent feature of British political debate by the mid-19th century and remained influential within progressive politics well into the 20th century. ... More


The Elihu Burritt Era: Pacifist Impact, January 1846–September 1848

Martin Ceadel

in The Origins of War Prevention: The British Peace Movement and International Relations 1730-1854

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198226741
eISBN:
9780191678660
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198226741.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This period saw the peace movement take off: lifted by the support of an attentive public, it came to resemble a glider as it exploited the rising currents of anti-war feeling by launching two ... More


1870–1876: The Franco-Prussian War, the WPA, and Arbitration

PAUL LAITY

in The British Peace Movement 1870-1914

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199248353
eISBN:
9780191714672
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199248353.003.02
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

On July 19, 1870, the Franco-Prussian War began. Rumours circulated that Napoleon III intended to invade Belgium, and the peace movement in Britain found itself having to counter a ‘strong, warlike ... More


1880–1889: The IAPA, Egypt, and the IAL

PAUL LAITY

in The British Peace Movement 1870-1914

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199248353
eISBN:
9780191714672
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199248353.003.04
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

The Liberal victory in the 1880 general election was a cause for celebration within the peace movement in Britain. To capitalise on this new optimism, Henry Richard gave notice of a parliamentary ... More


Recovery, January 1867–May 1882

Martin Ceadel

in Semi-Detached Idealists: The British Peace Movement and International Relations, 1854-1945

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199241170
eISBN:
9780191696893
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199241170.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

For the first time in 1867, the peace movement acquired continental counterparts and an extended franchise helped Henry Richard enter the parliament. There are also other significant events that ... More


Quickening, August 1898–August 1914

Martin Ceadel

in Semi-Detached Idealists: The British Peace Movement and International Relations, 1854-1945

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199241170
eISBN:
9780191696893
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199241170.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

A quickened interest in the peace movement was sparked by The Tsar's Rescript of August 29, 1898 inviting other countries to a peace conference. Its ideas suddenly became prominent: the Hague ... More


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