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The Economics of Systemic Risk in International Settlements

Kern Alexander, Rahul Dhumale, and John Eatwell

in Global Governance of Financial Systems: The International Regulation of Systemic Risk

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195166989
eISBN:
9780199783861
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195166989.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

This chapter examines the extent to which different settlement systems affect the nature of systemic risks and the potential vulnerability of the financial system to such problems. It considers ... More


The End of Negotiable Instruments: Bringing Payment Systems Law Out of the Past

James Steven Rogers

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199856220
eISBN:
9780199919574
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199856220.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Company and Commercial Law

When we make purchases [better word than ‘things?’], we need to use some system for making payment. Today we use checks, credit cards, debit cards, and various other electronic or semi-electronic ... More


Cost Containment versus National Health Insurance

Jill Quadagno

in One Nation, Uninsured: Why the U.S. Has No National Health Insurance

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195160390
eISBN:
9780199944026
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195160390.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Race and Ethnicity

This chapter examines the 10-year struggle of federal officials to introduce the measures of cost containment, discussing the effect this struggle had on the hope of national health insurance and ... More


The Sorry State of Modern Payment Systems Law

James Steven Rogers

in The End of Negotiable Instruments: Bringing Payment Systems Law Out of the Past

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199856220
eISBN:
9780199919574
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199856220.003.0001
Subject:
Law, Company and Commercial Law

In the mid-twentieth century, payments law meant the law of checks and promissory notes, as set out in Article 3 of the Uniform Commercial Code. Long ago, a “negotiable instrument” was a privately ... More


Primary care

Jan Abel Olsen

in Principles in Health Economics and Policy

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199237814
eISBN:
9780191717215
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199237814.003.0010
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter examines payment schemes for general practitioners (GPs) or primary care physicians. These include fee for service, capitation, and salary. In their role as gatekeepers, GPs hold a ... More


Introduction: payments, banking, and laws

BENJAMIN GEVA

in Bank Collections and Payment Transactions: A Comparative Legal Analysis

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198298533
eISBN:
9780191685477
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198298533.003.0001
Subject:
Law, Company and Commercial Law

This chapter provides an overview of the various legal systems and fundamentals of banking and payment law, putting the in an overall historical context. It discusses the elements of payment ... More


Secondary care: reimbursing hospitals

Jan Abel Olsen

in Principles in Health Economics and Policy

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199237814
eISBN:
9780191717215
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199237814.003.0011
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter presents three alternative reimbursement systems for hospitals, and discusses the pros and cons of each system. In their pure form, none of these systems emerges as the ideal solution, ... More


Regulating the Shadow Payment System: Bitcoin, Mobile Money, and Beyond

Jonathan Greenacre

in Regulating Blockchain: Techno-Social and Legal Challenges

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780198842187
eISBN:
9780191878206
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198842187.003.0010
Subject:
Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law, Company and Commercial Law

Recent years has seen the growth of the ‘shadow payment system’. This system includes Bitcoin exchanges, PayPal, Alipay in China, and mobile money services in Africa. On current projections, this ... More


Integrating the health care provider system

Jan Abel Olsen

in Principles in Health Economics and Policy

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199237814
eISBN:
9780191717215
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199237814.003.0012
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter moves from the partial effects of alternative reimbursement systems within primary and secondary care, to considering the links between provider levels. Particular emphasis is put on how ... More


Blockchain and Payment Systems: A Tale about Re-Intermediation

Agnieszka Janczuk-Gorywoda

in Regulating Blockchain: Techno-Social and Legal Challenges

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780198842187
eISBN:
9780191878206
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198842187.003.0015
Subject:
Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law, Company and Commercial Law

Bitcoin—the first virtual currency based on blockchain technology—was born out of an anarcho-libertarian dream to create a monetary system that—by relying on ‘trustless trust’—would be completely ... More


Russia, Ukraine and Bulgaria

Akos Rona-Tas and Alya Guseva

in Plastic Money: Constructing Markets for Credit Cards in Eight Postcommunist Countries

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780804768573
eISBN:
9780804789592
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804768573.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Economic Sociology

The chapter focuses on how card markets were constructed in Russia, Ukraine and Bulgaria. The unique features of these markets are: a substantially large “gray” (cash) economy, which gave merchants a ... More


Payment and Settlement Systems

John Armour, Dan Awrey, Paul Davies, Luca Enriques, Jeffrey N. Gordon, Colin Mayer, and Jennifer Payne

in Principles of Financial Regulation

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
October 2016
ISBN:
9780198786474
eISBN:
9780191828782
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198786474.003.0018
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law, Company and Commercial Law

Payment and settlement systems are institutional arrangements that facilitate the transfer of assets in satisfaction of financial obligations. These systems can be divided into three categories. The ... More


Introduction

James Steven Rogers

in The End of Negotiable Instruments: Bringing Payment Systems Law Out of the Past

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199856220
eISBN:
9780199919574
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199856220.003.0011
Subject:
Law, Company and Commercial Law

The Introduction summarizes the argument of the book and provides a thumbnail sketch of negotiable instruments law for readers not familiar with the subject. The term “negotiable instrument” covers ... More


Secondary care: hospital financing

Jan Abel Olsen

in Principles in Health Economics and Policy

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780198794837
eISBN:
9780191836329
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198794837.003.0015
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter discusses the three most widely used payment systems for hospitals. While concepts differ, payment models in secondary care have parallels to those used in primary care. In retrospective ... More


Giro Payments and the Beginnings of the Modern Cashless Payment System

Stephan Meder

in Money in the Western Legal Tradition: Middle Ages to Bretton Woods

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
April 2016
ISBN:
9780198704744
eISBN:
9780191774041
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198704744.003.0021
Subject:
Law, Legal History

This chapter examines the development of the giro payments, a method of transferring funds directly from one bank account to another without using money. The method marks the beginning of the modern ... More


International Correspondent Networks: Asian and British Banks in the Twentieth Century 1

Simon Mollan

in The Origins of International Banking in Asia: The Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199646326
eISBN:
9780191745256
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199646326.003.0011
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History

Using the products of an extensive and carefully compiled database this chapter presents, for the first time, a detailed examination of the network of international finance. As the need to make and ... More


The Regulation of Firms in Globally Intertwined Markets: The Case of Payment Systems

Donald Robertson

in Megaregulation Contested: Global Economic Ordering After TPP

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
July 2019
ISBN:
9780198825296
eISBN:
9780191864001
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198825296.003.0011
Subject:
Law, Company and Commercial Law

Intertwined markets and disaggregated means of production give rise to new types of economic entities. Organized along global value chains, the relevance of state borders for the legal norms that ... More


Public finance management

Mary Venner

in Donors, Technical Assistance and Public Administration in Kosovo

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9781784992729
eISBN:
9781526115317
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781784992729.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Chapters 4 describes what happened when international actors applied their ideas and methods to creating new public finance management institutions as the foundation for a future government. It ... More


Principles in Health Economics and Policy

Jan Abel Olsen

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780198794837
eISBN:
9780191836329
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198794837.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Principles in Health Economics and Policy, second edition, is a concise introduction to health economics and its application to health policy. It introduces the subject of economics, explains the ... More


The RMB Goes Global

Eswar S. Prasad

in Gaining Currency: The Rise of the Renminbi

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
October 2016
ISBN:
9780190631055
eISBN:
9780190631086
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190631055.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

This chapter describes the increasing use of the RMB in international trade and finance transactions. These developments have been driven by China’s increasing weight in global GDP and trade, and ... More


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