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Beachcombers and Destitutes

Patricia Lim

in Forgotten Souls: A Social History of the Hong Kong Cemetery

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9789622099906
eISBN:
9789882207714
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789622099906.003.0010
Subject:
Society and Culture, Asian Studies

This chapter discusses briefly the beachcombers and the destitutes, who were considered a class of underdog in Hong Kong. It also discusses the most talked-of pauper known to be buried in the Hong ... More


Servants: English Domestics in the Eighteenth Century

Bridget Hill

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198206217
eISBN:
9780191677021
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206217.001.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, Social History

The importance of domestic service in the 18th century has long been recognized by historians but apart from a number of recent controversial articles, this is the first detailed study of the subject ... More


Pauper Servants

Bridget Hill

in Servants: English Domestics in the Eighteenth Century

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198206217
eISBN:
9780191677021
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206217.003.0007
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, Social History

This chapter examines the employment of paupers as domestic servants in England during the 18th century. Pauper servants were usually those placed out by the parish authorities all too anxious to be ... More


The Culture of Food in England 1200–1500

C. M. Woolgar

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780300181913
eISBN:
9780300182361
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300181913.001.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Medieval History

This book shows that food in late-medieval England was far more complex, varied, and more culturally significant than we imagine today. Drawing on a vast range of sources, the book charts how ... More


French Vietnam: A War of Illusions

Anthony James Joes

in Victorious Insurgencies: Four Rebellions that Shaped Our World

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813126142
eISBN:
9780813135588
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813126142.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Vietnam is the size of Finland or of Missouri and Arkansas combined, with an area of 127,000 square miles. The Vietnamese revolution was not organized; it was led by illiterate paupers and desperate ... More


God's Jesters: The Cistercians

John Saward

in Perfect Fools: Folly for Christ's Sake in Catholic and Orthodox Spirituality

Published in print:
1980
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780192132307
eISBN:
9780191670046
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192132307.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Theology

‘Holy madness’ for the Cistercian Fathers, the rationale of their extremist renewal, is grounded in the dogmas of the Incarnation and Redemption. Thus union with God, growth in grace, and ... More


Prima Donnas and the Performance of Altruism

Hilary Poriss

in The Arts of the Prima Donna in the Long Nineteenth Century

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780195365870
eISBN:
9780199932054
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195365870.003.0003
Subject:
Music, Opera, History, Western

This chapter investigates stories of philanthropic activities that litter biographies and journalistic accounts of nearly every prominent nineteenth-century prima donna. These reports describe ... More


The poor law and the Irish revolution: the case of the Cork workhouse

Donnacha Seán Lucey

in The End of the Irish Poor Law?: Welfare and healthcare reform in revolutionary and independent Ireland

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780719087578
eISBN:
9781526104014
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719087578.003.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter examines attempts to reform the poor law during the Irish Revolution (1918-23). It explores attitudes among advanced nationalists towards the poor and recipients of poor relief and ... More


Negotiating medical welfare

Steven King

in Sickness, medical welfare and the English poor, 1750-1834

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9781526129000
eISBN:
9781526138859
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781526129000.003.0003
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter foregrounds the concept of pauper agency. Using the largest corpus of letters by or about the poor ever assembled, it argues that sickness was the core business of the Old Poor Law by ... More


Jews, Paupers, and Other Savages: The Economic Image of the Jew in Western Europe, 1648–1848

Derek J. Penslar

in Shylock's Children: Economics and Jewish Identity in Modern Europe

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520225909
eISBN:
9780520925847
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520225909.003.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter talks about the irrationality of prejudice, its constant self-contradiction that appears most prominent in the case of anti-Semitism. Jews, anti-Semites have claimed, are clannish but ... More


Of Nonunderstanding: Glosses on Three Fables (1984)

Hans Blumenberg

in History, Metaphors, Fables: A Hans Blumenberg Reader

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9781501732829
eISBN:
9781501748004
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501732829.003.0025
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter reflects on Hans Blumenberg's “Of Nonunderstanding: Glosses on Three Fables” (1984). The first fable is “The Pauper's Coin.” Blumenberg read this fable as a hint about how important it ... More


The Houses of Women: Citizens, Spiritual Economy, and Community

James A. Palmer

in The Virtues of Economy: Governance, Power, and Piety in Late Medieval Rome

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781501742378
eISBN:
9781501742385
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501742378.003.0006
Subject:
History, World Medieval History

This chapter assesses the instantiation of the spiritual economy on the Roman landscape in the form of women's houses. Some were home to widows and unmarried daughters of Roman citizens; others were ... More


Migration of the Poor

Tirtsah Levie Bernfeld

in Poverty and Welfare Among the Portuguese Jews in Early Modern Amsterdam

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9781904113577
eISBN:
9781800340435
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9781904113577.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter discusses the arrival in to and departure from Amsterdam of poor migrants and the underlying reasons for their movements. The early modern period saw thousands of people, Jews among ... More


Demographic Outline

Tirtsah Levie Bernfeld

in Poverty and Welfare Among the Portuguese Jews in Early Modern Amsterdam

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9781904113577
eISBN:
9781800340435
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9781904113577.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter presents a demographic outline of poverty in the Portuguese Jewish community in early modern Amsterdam. It has become clear from examining records of the numbers of people on poor relief ... More


“Poore Soules”: Migration, Labor, and Visions for Commonwealth in Virginia

Misha Ewen (ed.)

in Virginia 1619: Slavery and Freedom in the Making of English America

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781469651798
eISBN:
9781469651811
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469651798.003.0007
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century

This chapter explores the emergence of indentured servitude in Virginia in the late 1610s. It focuses upon the Virginia Company’s increasing efforts to transport vagrants and paupers, who were often ... More


Hank’s Night Shirt: Mark Twain, Claimant

Sarah Meer

in American Claimants: The Transatlantic Romance, c. 1820-1920

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
July 2020
ISBN:
9780198812517
eISBN:
9780191894695
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198812517.003.0007
Subject:
Literature, American, 19th Century Literature

Claimants were not only a lifelong preoccupation for Mark Twain, they represent a powerful impulse in his writing; he sought on multiple occasions to write himself into a historical literary ... More


Dying, being buried and leaving people behind

Steven King

in Sickness, medical welfare and the English poor, 1750-1834

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9781526129000
eISBN:
9781526138859
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781526129000.003.0007
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter focuses on the attitudes of parishes to those whose treatment failed and who thus spiralled into a last illness and death. It suggests that officials responded positively and even ... More


Children of the Public: Poor and Orphaned Minors in the Southwest Borderlands

Nancy Zey

in Children and Youth in a New Nation

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814757420
eISBN:
9780814759851
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814757420.003.0010
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century

This chapter shows the transition from colonial to republican attitudes about orphans by focusing on dependent children in Natchez, Mississippi, where traditional and rather ad hoc responses ... More


Mad doctors: lunacy and the asylum

Alannah Tomkins

in Medical Misadventure in an Age of Professionalisation, 1780-1890

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9781526116079
eISBN:
9781526128447
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781526116079.003.0006
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The stresses of professional life could become so severe as to prompt an admission to an asylum. This chapter considers the propensity of practitioners to undergo admission to either a pauper lunatic ... More


Illness Narratives by the Poor

Olivia Weisser

in Ill Composed: Sickness, Gender, and Belief in Early Modern England

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780300200706
eISBN:
9780300213478
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300200706.003.0007
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History

While the bulk of the book relies on personal writing by middling and upper-status patients, this chapter explores narratives of illness by the poor using petitions to poor-law authorities in which ... More


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