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Analogy, Metaphor, and Pattern

Richard Swedberg

in The Art of Social Theory

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691155227
eISBN:
9781400850358
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691155227.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Social Research and Statistics

This chapter examines how to use analogies, work with metaphors, and recognize and read patterns. Using analogies and metaphors as well as pattern recognition represent three ways of thinking that ... More


Experimental Practice and Conceptual Understanding

Joseph Rouse

in Articulating the World: Conceptual Understanding and the Scientific Image

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226293677
eISBN:
9780226293707
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226293707.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter takes up the role of experimental practice in the articulation of conceptual understanding in the sciences, as a passage between the Scylla of merely “Given” experiential or causal ... More


Laws and Modalities in Scientific Practice

Joseph Rouse

in Articulating the World: Conceptual Understanding and the Scientific Image

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226293677
eISBN:
9780226293707
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226293707.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter addresses how laws and natural necessity figure in scientific understanding, by developing and extending Marc Lange’s and John Haugeland’s complementary accounts of the role of laws in ... More


Models of invariant object recognition

Edmund T. Rolls

in Computational Neuroscience of Vision

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198524885
eISBN:
9780191689277
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524885.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Vision

This chapter examines neural network approaches to invariant pattern recognition. It describes different computational approaches that have been taken both in artificial vision systems and as ... More


Lessons from Research on Decision Making

Eileen Munro

in Child Welfare Research: Advances for Practice and Policy

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195304961
eISBN:
9780199863648
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195304961.003.0011
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families, Research and Evaluation

This chapter reports on two strands of research on decision making, one prescriptive and the other descriptive. The first, prescriptive, strand draws on probability theory and proposes decision ... More


Starting Anew

Richard Swedberg

in The Art of Social Theory

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691155227
eISBN:
9781400850358
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691155227.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Social Research and Statistics

This chapter presents the project of creative theorizing in social science. One can approach the topic of theorizing and its current situation with the help of the distinction between the context of ... More


Cortical networks for invariant pattern recognition

Edmund T. Rolls and Alessandro Treves

in Neural Networks and Brain Function

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198524328
eISBN:
9780191724466
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524328.003.0008
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development

This chapter examines the role of cortical networks in invariant pattern recognition. It describes neural network approaches to invariant pattern recognition and explains that once an invariant ... More


All Today’s Parties: Pattern Recognition, Spook Country, and Zero History

Gary Westfahl

in William Gibson

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252037801
eISBN:
9780252095085
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252037801.003.0008
Subject:
Literature, 20th-century and Contemporary Literature

This chapter examines three William Gibson novels: Pattern Recognition, Spook Country, and Zero History. Gibson had planned Pattern Recognition for a long time: in 1986, he declared that he would ... More


Working the Weather: A Shift in the Life of a Weather Forecaster

Phaedra Daipha

in Masters of Uncertainty: Weather Forecasters and the Quest for Ground Truth

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226298542
eISBN:
9780226298719
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226298719.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Science, Technology and Environment

This chapter takes the reader on a tour of a NWS forecasting office’s ecology, operations, and culture to ultimately settle into a discussion of the basic routine of a forecast shift—from the moment ... More


Mental Work and Memory

Wyatt Moss-Wellington

in Narrative Humanism: Kindness and Complexity in Fiction and Film

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781474454315
eISBN:
9781474476683
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474454315.003.0006
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

This chapter covers fantasy, imagination and play, the way stories can offer autotelic relief from purposeful cognitive work, the way we ogle at the invention of other humans through story, the ... More


Simulate, Optimise, Partition: Algorithmic Diagrams of Pattern Recognition from 1953 Onwards

Adrian Mackenzie

in Cold War Legacies: Systems, Theory, Aesthetics

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9781474409483
eISBN:
9781474426954
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474409483.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics

Contemporary attempts to find patterns in data, ranging from the now mundane technologies of hand-writing recognition through to mammoth infrastructure-heavy practices of deep learning conducted by ... More


Coarse Reasoning

Spiegler Ran

in Bounded Rationality and Industrial Organization

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195398717
eISBN:
9780199896790
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195398717.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Behavioural Economics

This chapter introduces a model of coarse reasoning and applies it to several market models. First, the model is employed to capture limited ability to perceive complex price patterns. It is shown ... More


The Phantom Pattern Problem: The Mirage of Big Data

Gary Smith and Jay Cordes

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
October 2020
ISBN:
9780198864165
eISBN:
9780191896514
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198864165.001.0001
Subject:
Mathematics, Applied Mathematics, Numerical Analysis

Pattern recognition prowess served our ancestors well. However, today we are confronted by a deluge of data that are far more abstract, complicated, and difficult to interpret than were annual ... More


Scaling Up

Soraya de Chadarevian

in Heredity under the Microscope: Chromosomes and the Study of the Human Genome

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9780226685083
eISBN:
9780226685250
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226685250.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Karyotyping was not only used for clinical diagnosis but also for large scale population studies, screening, and survey programs. The chapter introduces populations as a central topic for a broad ... More


William Gibson

Gary Westfahl

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252037801
eISBN:
9780252095085
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252037801.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, 20th-century and Contemporary Literature

The leading figure in the development of cyberpunk, William Gibson (born in 1948) crafted works in which isolated humans explored near-future worlds of ubiquitous and intrusive computer technology ... More


Literature, Pattern, Lolita: Or, Art, Literature, Science

Brain Boyd

in Stalking Nabokov

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231158572
eISBN:
9780231530293
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231158572.003.0023
Subject:
Literature, 20th-century and Contemporary Literature

This chapter analyzes the patterns we notice in life, art, and science, as well as the difference that some of the patterns concealed within patterns in Lolita can make to our sense of the novel. It ... More


An Interview with Oliver Selfridge

Philip Husbands, Owen Holland, and Michael Wheeler

in The Mechanical Mind in History

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262083775
eISBN:
9780262256384
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262083775.003.0017
Subject:
Computer Science, Artificial Intelligence

Oliver Selfridge studied mathematics at MIT under Norbert Wiener and went on to write important early papers on pattern recognition and machine learning. His 1958 paper on the Pandemonium system is ... More


Fraunhofer Diffraction

B. D. Guenther

in Modern Optics

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780198738770
eISBN:
9780191801983
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198738770.003.0010
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

The Huygens–Fresnel integral is solved with the assumption that all waves in the aperture are plane waves. This assumption leads to Fraunhofer diffraction. Diffraction is a strong function of source ... More


Visualization and Interaction

Johannes Lenhard

in Calculated Surprises: A Philosophy of Computer Simulation

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
March 2019
ISBN:
9780190873288
eISBN:
9780190873318
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190873288.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter addresses the role of visualization in the process of simulation modeling. The claim is as follows: from a methodological perspective, visualization supports the exploratory and ... More


Tools of the Trade: The Socio-Technology of Arbitrage in a Wall Street Trading Room

Daniel Beunza and David Stark

in Living in a Material World: Economic Sociology Meets Science and Technology Studies

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262162524
eISBN:
9780262281607
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262162524.003.0009
Subject:
Society and Culture, Technology and Society

This chapter explains the tools of trading, quantitative finance, various aspects of the trading room, and price mechanism monitoring. Arbitrage is a trading strategy that represents the distinctive ... More


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