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Characteristics of Infectious Disease That Raise Distinctive Challenges for Bioethics

Margaret P. Battin, Leslie P. Francis, Jay A. Jacobson, and Charles B. Smith

in The Patient as Victim and Vector: Ethics and Infectious Disease

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195335842
eISBN:
9780199868926
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195335842.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter examines the characteristics of infectious disease that raise special medical and social ethical issues, and explores ways of integrating both current bioethics and classical public ... More


Closing The Book on Infectious Disease: The Mischievous Consequences For Public Health

Margaret P. Battin, Leslie P. Francis, Jay A. Jacobson, and Charles B. Smith

in The Patient as Victim and Vector: Ethics and Infectious Disease

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195335842
eISBN:
9780199868926
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195335842.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, General

During the formative period of bioethics, the field of public health also directed attention largely away from infectious disease, to issues such as environmental degradation, workplace safety, ... More


Constraints in the Control of Infectious Disease

Margaret P. Battin, Leslie P. Francis, Jay A. Jacobson, and Charles B. Smith

in The Patient as Victim and Vector: Ethics and Infectious Disease

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195335842
eISBN:
9780199868926
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195335842.003.0016
Subject:
Philosophy, General

In the effort to control infectious disease, many different kinds of constraints have been employed: mandatory testing, required or observed treatment, and quarantine and isolation, among others. ... More


The Last to Know: The Individual's Right to Know

Lynne Dale Halamish and Doron Hermoni

in The Weeping Willow: Encounters with Grief

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780195325379
eISBN:
9780199999811
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195325379.003.0012
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Palliative Medicine and Older People

This chapter discusses the chronically ill patient's right to know about his or her condition. It describes the case of 46-year-old Abel Cohen, who was diagnosed with inoperable metastasized cancer ... More


Rights

Alex Mold

in Making the patient-consumer: Patient organisations and health consumerism in Britain

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780719095313
eISBN:
9781781708606
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719095313.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Comparative and Historical Sociology

The aim of this chapter is to explore the broader meaning and application of rights talk in connection with health from the 1970s to the early 1990s. It begins by considering the various ways in ... More


Clinician perspectives on shared decision-making

Martin HN Tattersall

in Handbook of Communication in Oncology and Palliative Care

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780199238361
eISBN:
9780191730290
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199238361.003.0029
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Palliative Medicine Research

Shared decision-making (SDM) between physician and patient is now widely considered to be a desirable goal in many healthcare contexts. However, little is known about current SDM practice in cancer ... More


Medical Treatment at the End of Life—A British Doctor's Perspective

Michael Wilks

in The Criminal Justice System and Health Care

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199228294
eISBN:
9780191711343
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199228294.003.0009
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

The rising number of prosecutions for medical manslaughter understandably is a matter of concern within the medical profession, and the complex ethical issues with which a medical professional must ... More


‘… disavowing the tree’

William A. Silverman

in Where's the Evidence?: Debates in Modern Medicine

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780192630889
eISBN:
9780191723568
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192630889.003.0013
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter presents a 1990 commentary on two clinical trials conducted in Kuala Lumpur and the US. A comparison of the trials provides supporting evidence for the claim that there has been ... More


Shared treatment decision-making and the use of decision-aids

Cathy Charles and Amiram Gafni

in Handbook of Communication in Oncology and Palliative Care

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780199238361
eISBN:
9780191730290
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199238361.003.0004
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Palliative Medicine Research

Over the past fifteen years or so, shared decision-making, a specific approach to making decisions in the medical encounter, has received considerable conceptual and practical attention among ... More


The Patient Must Prescribe for the Doctor

Nancy Tomes

in Remaking the American Patient: How Madison Avenue and Modern Medicine Turned Patients into Consumers

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9781469622774
eISBN:
9781469622798
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469622774.003.0009
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter examines how the ideal of “doctor knows best” came under attack from multiple directions during the years between 1965 and 1975, leading one doctor to say that “the patient must ... More


Minds Apart: Severe Brain Injury, Citizenship, and Civil Rights

Joseph J. Fins

in Law and Neuroscience: Current Legal Issues Volume 13

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199599844
eISBN:
9780191725227
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199599844.003.0018
Subject:
Law, Medical Law

Despite the impressive progress that has been made in neuroscience, little has changed for patients with disorders of consciousness who struggle for access to even basic diagnostic and rehabilitative ... More


Current legislation on cross-border health care in the European Union

Hilko J. Meyer

in The Globalization of Health Care: Legal and Ethical Issues

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199917907
eISBN:
9780199332878
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199917907.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Medical Law

This chapter elaborates the fragmentation of health care delivery systems in the European Union (EU). It reviews the content of the complex legal rules requiring EU Member States to reimburse ... More


The Preemption War in Congress

Thomas O. McGarity

in The Preemption War: When Federal Bureaucracies Trump Local Juries

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300122961
eISBN:
9780300152203
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300122961.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Company and Commercial Law

This chapter describes the battles in Congress over recent efforts to pass legislation preempting state common law claims with respect to federally regulated products and activities. It highlights ... More


Taking solidarity seriously: do biobank institutions have a moral obligation to inform their patients about incidental health findings?

Christian Lenk

in Human Tissue Research: A European perspective on the ethical and legal challenges

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199587551
eISBN:
9780191725630
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199587551.003.0006
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

It is a principle of research ethics, which also found expression in §30 of the Declaration of Helsinki, that every patient who participates in a research study should have access to the newly ... More


Who Should We Treat?: Rights, Rationing, and Resources in the NHS

Christopher Newdick

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199264186
eISBN:
9780191698927
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199264186.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Medical Law

How should we allocate NHS resources between different patients and treatments? Increasingly, patients are regarded as “consumers” of medical services, and yet demand for medical care exceeds the ... More


Is there an obligation to participate in medical research? 1

Stephen John

in The Limits of Consent: A socio-ethical approach to human subject research in medicine

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199231461
eISBN:
9780191723858
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231461.003.0007
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter argues that proper awareness of the benefits generated by medical research leads to the conclusion that within a society such as the UK, where everyone has a guarantee of future access ... More


EU Health Care: Access to Medical Care

Anniek de Ruijter

in EU Health Law & Policy: The Expansion of EU Power in Public Health and Health Care

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
March 2019
ISBN:
9780198788096
eISBN:
9780191830075
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198788096.003.0006
Subject:
Law, EU Law

This chapter examines developments regarding EU legislation in the area of health care, rather than public health. The chapter is a case study looking into the processes and the involvement of ... More


European Union Rights and Values in Human Health

Anniek de Ruijter

in EU Health Law & Policy: The Expansion of EU Power in Public Health and Health Care

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
March 2019
ISBN:
9780198788096
eISBN:
9780191830075
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198788096.003.0002
Subject:
Law, EU Law

This book looks at the impact of the expanding power of the EU in terms of fundamental rights and values. The current chapter lays down the framework for this analysis. Law did not always have a ... More


Ethical and Practical Considerations for Human Microelectrode Recording Studies

Itzhak Fried

in Single Neuron Studies of the Human Brain: Probing Cognition

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780262027205
eISBN:
9780262323994
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027205.003.0004
Subject:
Neuroscience, Research and Theory

The possibility of recording neurophysiological signals from the human brain is accompanied by ethical and practical considerations that every clinician and researcher must take into account. The ... More


Hybrid regulation: the rise of networks and managerialism

Ellen Kuhlmann

in Modernising health care: Reinventing professions, the state and the public

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861348586
eISBN:
9781447302810
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861348586.003.0006
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter outlines how the medical profession takes up the regulatory incentives of managerialism and networking and how this relates to changes in the corporatist arrangements and the ... More


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