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Asclepiades?

J. T. Vallance

in The Lost Theory of Asclepiades of Bithynia

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198242482
eISBN:
9780191680489
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198242482.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

The Asclepiadean corpuscular hypothesis can be seen for what it was. It was not Epicurean as to the extent that it stands in a tradition of ‘monistic theories’, the theory might broadly be termed ... More


Spinal Cord Dysfunction: Volume II: Intervention and Treatment

L. S. Illis (ed.)

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780192617873
eISBN:
9780191724312
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192617873.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

This is the second in a series of books dealing with the enormous clinical problem of spinal-cord dysfunction. Volume I discussed assessment; this book focuses on intervention. There are three main ... More


The Parahippocampal Region: Organization and Role in Cognitive Function

Menno Witter and Floris Wouterlood (eds)

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198509172
eISBN:
9780191724626
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198509172.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

Advances in imaging technologies have enabled researchers to build on the evidence obtained from lesion and behavioural studies to propose a range of functions for the parahippocampal region. It is ... More


Patterns among species: information

Charles W. Fowler

in Systemic Management: Sustainable Human Interactions with Ecosystems and the Biosphere

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199540969
eISBN:
9780191716249
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199540969.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

Chapter 2 shows that: (1) ecosystems and the biosphere have structure and function seen in the limits to macroecological patterns, many of which have yet to be discovered and characterized, (2) ... More


Human peripheral nerve disease (peripheral neuropathies)

ALAN R. BERGER and HERBERT H. SCHAUMBURG

in The Axon: Structure, Function and Pathophysiology

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195082937
eISBN:
9780199865802
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195082937.003.0032
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

This chapter begins with a discussion of the classification of peripheral nerve diseases. These are different ways to categorize human peripheral nerve disease: by modality (e.g., motor versus ... More


Hippocampus and Human Disease

Walker Matthew, Chan Dennis, and Thom Maria

in The Hippocampus Book

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195100273
eISBN:
9780199864133
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195100273.003.0016
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter focuses on two disorders in which the role of the hippocampus has been extensively investigated: Alzheimer's disease and temporal lobe epilepsy. Although in Alzheimer's disease the ... More


Is Pathological Behaviour Caused by Mental Illness ?

Simona Giordano

in Understanding Eating Disorders: Conceptual and Ethical Issues in the Treatment of Anorexia and Bulimia Nervosa

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199269747
eISBN:
9780191603129
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199269742.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter considers a widespread argument that behaviour classified as psychopathological is caused by the mental illness. It is common to believe, for example, that patients hear voices because ... More


Philosophy, Animality and the Life Sciences

Wahida Khandker

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780748676774
eISBN:
9781474406468
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748676774.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

In line with ‘Continental’ approaches to critical animal studies, this book aims to uncover the philosophical and historical progression of concepts of animal and organic life, in order to understand ... More


Criteria for Biological Interventions for Spinal Cord Injury Repair

Keith Tansey and Byron A Kakulas

in Restorative Neurology of Spinal Cord Injury

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199746507
eISBN:
9780199918768
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199746507.003.0007
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems, Disorders of the Nervous System

This chapter reviews the pathophysiological status of the spinal cord after injury and establishes criteria for biological intervention. It details the pathological cascade that occurs during the ... More


Halitosis

Andrew Davies and Ilora Finlay

in Oral Care in Advanced Disease

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780192632432
eISBN:
9780191730375
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192632432.003.0011
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Pain Management and Palliative Pharmacology

This chapter discusses halitosis, an offensive odour from the mouth or hollow cavities such as the nose, sinuses, and pharynx. Halitosis comprises three types: physiological halitosis, pathological ... More


Hunter's Heart: Pathological Anatomy and the Science of Disease

Fay Bound Alberti

in Matters of the Heart: History, Medicine, and Emotion

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199540976
eISBN:
9780191701207
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199540976.003.0003
Subject:
History, Cultural History

This chapter discusses the heart disease case of surgeon and anatomist John Hunter in relation to pathological anatomy and the science of the disease. Hunter died on October 16, 1793 and the autopsy ... More


Pathological Altruism

Barbara Oakley, Ariel Knafo, Guruprasad Madhavan, and David Sloan Wilson (eds)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199738571
eISBN:
9780199918669
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199738571.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Many harmful deeds—from codependency to suicide martyrdom to genocide—are committed with the altruistic intention of helping companions or one’s own in-group. Therefore it is worthwhile to study how ... More


Benign Pleural and Parenchymal Diseases Associated with Asbestos Exposure

John E. Craighead

in Asbestos and Its Diseases

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195178692
eISBN:
9780199864591
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195178692.003.0006
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Asbestosis can be considered either a clinical disease, which is manifest functionally, and readily demonstrable by radiological means, or a pathological entity of variable degrees of severity, but ... More


Pathological Altruism—An Introduction

Barbara Oakley, Ariel Knafo, and Michael McGrath

in Pathological Altruism

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199738571
eISBN:
9780199918669
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199738571.003.0014
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Many harmful deeds—from codependency to suicide martyrdom to genocide—are committed with the altruistic intention of helping companions or one’s own in-group. Thus, it is worthwhile to study how ... More


A Contextual Behavioral Approach to Pathological Altruism

Roger Vilardaga and Steven C. Hayes

in Pathological Altruism

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199738571
eISBN:
9780199918669
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199738571.003.0033
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter argues that maladaptive patterns of behavior, such as pathological altruism, can be explained by the influence of the verbal/cultural context. Once established, those maladaptive ... More


Codependency and Pathological Altruism

Michael McGrath and Barbara Oakley

in Pathological Altruism

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199738571
eISBN:
9780199918669
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199738571.003.0045
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Pathological altruism is a construct describing the willingness of an individual to place the needs of others above him- or herself to the point of causing harm, whether physical, psychological, or ... More


Self-addiction and Self-righteousness 1

David Brin

in Pathological Altruism

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199738571
eISBN:
9780199918669
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199738571.003.0062
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

The word “addiction” appears to limit our perception of a much wider realm—general behavioral reinforcement within the human brain. If neurochemical processes reinforce “good” habits such as love, ... More


Pathological Altruism and Personality Disorder

Thomas A. Widiger and Jennifer Ruth Presnall

in Pathological Altruism

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199738571
eISBN:
9780199918669
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199738571.003.0068
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

The purpose of this chapter is to understand pathological altruism from the perspective of personality theory and research. Altruism is one of the facets of a well-validated dimension of general ... More


The Relevance of Pathological Altruism to Eating Disorders

Rachel Bachner-Melman

in Pathological Altruism

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199738571
eISBN:
9780199918669
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199738571.003.0075
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Much anecdotal, clinical, and research evidence highlights the tendency of individuals with eating disorders to deprive themselves while satisfying others’ needs. A combination of and interaction ... More


Altruism and Suffering in the Context of Cancer: Implications of a Relational Paradigm

Madeline Li and Gary Rodin

in Pathological Altruism

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199738571
eISBN:
9780199918669
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199738571.003.0107
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Altruism is most often defined as unselfish concern for others. This can be considered pathological when it is judged to be excessive and self-damaging, although such judgments are inevitably ... More


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