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Venous Thromboembolism in Advanced Disease: A clinical guide

Simon I R Noble, Miriam J Johnson, and Agnes Y Y Lee (eds)

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780199232048
eISBN:
9780191730337
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199232048.001.0001
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Pain Management and Palliative Pharmacology

There is increasing recognition of the burden of venous thromboembolism (VTE) in patients with advanced incurable disease and the clinical, ethical, and philosophical challenges they may pose. With a ... More


Trace Metals and Infectious Diseases

Jerome O. Nriagu and Eric P. Skaar (eds)

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262029193
eISBN:
9780262327619
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029193.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

Many parts of the world endemic for the most common infectious diseases have the highest prevalence rates of trace metal deficiencies and increasing rates of trace metal pollution. The co-clustering ... More


NEURODEVELOPMENTAL MECHANISMS IN CHILDHOOD PSYCHOPATHOLOGY: THE EXAMPLE OF ABNORMAL SOCIAL ORIENTING IN AUTISM

Noah J. Sasson, Lauren Turner Brown, and Joseph Piven

in Cognitive Neuroscience, Development, and Psychopathology: Typical and Atypical Developmental Trajectories of Attention

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780195315455
eISBN:
9780199979066
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195315455.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

Individuals with autism demonstrate marked impairments in the perception, processing, and interpretation of social information. Recent findings suggest that abnormal social orienting may serve as a ... More


Introduction

Jerome O. Nriagu and Eric P. Skaar

in Trace Metals and Infectious Diseases

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262029193
eISBN:
9780262327619
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029193.003.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

Interest in processes at the nexus of host–microbe–metal interactions has risen as a result of advancements in the study of metallomics, proteomics, and genomics. These emerging fields have given ... More


Neuroimmune Interactions That Operate In The Development And Progression Of Inflammatory Demyelinating Diseases: Lessons From Pathogenesis Of Multiple Sclerosis

Enrico Fainardi and Massimiliano Castellazzi

in Neurovascular Medicine: Pursuing Cellular Longevity for Healthy Aging

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195326697
eISBN:
9780199864874
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326697.003.0012
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is considered an autoimmune chronic inflammatory disease of the central nervous system (CNS) characterized by demyelination and axonal damage. The view of MS as a “two-stage ... More


Delirium

Shirley H. Bush, Bruno Gagnon, and Peter G. Lawlor

in Palliative Medicine: A case-based manual

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199694143
eISBN:
9780191739255
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199694143.003.0139
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making

This chapter looks at a case study to show the desired skills, attitudes, and knowledge needed to diagnose and manage delirium in palliative care patients. It considers several issues such as: How ... More


Pathogenesis of venous thromboembolism in cancer

Sarah J. Lewis

in Venous Thromboembolism in Advanced Disease: A clinical guide

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780199232048
eISBN:
9780191730337
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199232048.003.0003
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Pain Management and Palliative Pharmacology

This chapter examines the pathogenesis of venous thromboembolism (VTE) in patients with cancer. It explains that patients with cancer are more likely to develop VTE than those without. This is ... More


Catheter-associated urinary tract infections

Nizam Damani

in Manual of Infection Prevention and Control

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199698356
eISBN:
9780191732126
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199698356.003.0013
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

It has been estimated that about 10% of hospitalized patients require urinary catheterization. Urinary tract infections (UTIs) following catheterization are the most common infections, accounting for ... More


Prevention of ventilator-associated pneumonias

Nizam Damani

in Manual of Infection Prevention and Control

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199698356
eISBN:
9780191732126
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199698356.003.0014
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Health care-associated pneumonia in hospitalized patients has a mortality rate of up to 40%. Although pneumonia may occur in patients throughout the hospital stay, the patients at greatest risk are ... More


Cardiac Cachexia

Mitja Lainscak, Anja Sandek, and Anker D. Stefan

in Supportive Care in Heart Failure

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780198570288
eISBN:
9780191730030
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570288.003.0013
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Pain Management and Palliative Pharmacology

This chapter concentrates on the pathophysiology of cardiac cachexia. It also discusses the possible clinical implications, and outlines the potential future development of therapeutic strategies. In ... More


Benign Pleural and Parenchymal Diseases Associated with Asbestos Exposure

John E. Craighead

in Asbestos and Its Diseases

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195178692
eISBN:
9780199864591
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195178692.003.0006
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Asbestosis can be considered either a clinical disease, which is manifest functionally, and readily demonstrable by radiological means, or a pathological entity of variable degrees of severity, but ... More


Cancer of the Pancreas

KRISTIN E. ANDERSON, THOMAS M. MACK, and DEBRA T. SILVERMAN

in Cancer Epidemiology and Prevention

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195149616
eISBN:
9780199865062
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195149616.003.0038
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Cancer of the pancreas remains a serious medical and public health problem because of difficulties in early diagnosis, aggressive behavior, resistance to therapy, and limited opportunities for ... More


Genetic epidemiology of migraine

Kathleen R. Merikangas

in Migraine: A Spectrum of Ideas

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780192618108
eISBN:
9780191724305
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192618108.003.0004
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

The hereditary nature of migraine has been reported consistently since it was first noted by S. A. Tissot in the 18th century. Indeed, the association between migraine and family history was believed ... More


A possible role of endothelial vasorelaxants in the pathogenesis of migraine

Ryszard J. Gryglewski and John R. Vane

in Migraine: A Spectrum of Ideas

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780192618108
eISBN:
9780191724305
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192618108.003.0005
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

There have been many attempts to explain the pathophysiological mechanism of migraine — for example, the platelet theory, the biogenic amine theory, or the vascular, vaso-neurogenic, and neural ... More


Migraine pathogenesis examined with contemporary techniques for analysing brain function

K.M.A. Welch

in Migraine: A Spectrum of Ideas

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780192618108
eISBN:
9780191724305
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192618108.003.0009
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

Progress in the understanding of migraine pathogenesis has been hampered by the unavailability of animal models for this disorder. Thus, there has been limited study of the human condition itself. ... More


5-HT in migraine: evidence from 5-HT1-like receptor agonists for a vascular aetiology

P.P.A. Humphrey, W. Feniuk, and M.J. Perren

in Migraine: A Spectrum of Ideas

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780192618108
eISBN:
9780191724305
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192618108.003.0012
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

Regardless of the many considerations, GR43175 has been shown to be effective when administered subcutaneously and orally as well as when administered intravenously in the treatment of acute ... More


A note on the role of platelets in migraine: a personal view

Richard C. Peatfield

in Migraine: A Spectrum of Ideas

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780192618108
eISBN:
9780191724305
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192618108.003.0022
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

This chapter presents a personal view on the role of platelets in migraine. The chapter states a belief that much of the pathogenesis of each feature of migraine must relate to feedback loops. There ... More


Inflammation and demyelination: With Neil Scolding

James W. Fawcett, Anne E. Rosser, and Stephen B. Dunnett

in Brain Damage, Brain Repair

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198523376
eISBN:
9780191724534
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198523376.003.0004
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques

Although the CNS has conventionally been viewed as an immunologically privileged site, the importance of immunological responses in the pathogenesis of CNS disease has become increasingly apparent ... More


The pruritus of cholestasis and the opioid neurotransmitter system

E. Anthony Jones and Nora V. Bergasa

in Pruritus in Advanced Disease

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780198525103
eISBN:
9780191730238
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525103.003.0005
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making

This chapter discusses pruritus, which is a symptom of chronic cholestatic liver disease. Cholestasis is defined as a syndrome that arises as a consequence of impaired bile secretion and/or flow, ... More


Uraemic pruritus

Jacek C. Szepietowski

in Pruritus in Advanced Disease

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780198525103
eISBN:
9780191730238
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525103.003.0006
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making

This chapter discusses uraemic pruritus, which can be either generalized or localized. It is sometimes referred to as dialysis pruritus. This symptom occurs in 15% of patients with chronic renal ... More


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