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Historical Insights

Dominique Guellec

in The Economics of the European Patent System: IP Policy for Innovation and Competition

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199216987
eISBN:
9780191711831
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199216987.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter addresses the genesis and evolution of the patent system, since the first patent statute was issued in Venice in 1471, until the international harmonization pressures of patent regimes ... More


Industrial Property: Patents for Inventions

William Cornish

in The Oxford History of the Laws of England: Volume XIII: 1820–1914 Fields of Development

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199239757
eISBN:
9780191705151
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199239757.003.0032
Subject:
Law, Legal History

This chapter discusses the development of the British patent system. Topics covered include the origin and essence of a patent system, terms of the royal grant, justifying the patent system, the long ... More


The European Patent System at the Crossroad

Dominique Guellec and Bruno van Pottelsberghe

in The Economics of the European Patent System: IP Policy for Innovation and Competition

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199216987
eISBN:
9780191711831
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199216987.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

As the role of patents has become central in the knowledge economy, there is evidence that the current institutional and legal setting is unable to cope with the corresponding challenges. This ... More


The Illusion of Order: Innovation and the Patent System

Stuart Macdonald

in Information for Innovation: Managing Change from an Information Perspective

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199241477
eISBN:
9780191696947
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199241477.003.0012
Subject:
Business and Management, Innovation, Organization Studies

This chapter discusses information as property, and all policies relating to it. The essence of intellectual property rights is the application of ownership to certain information, by placing on it ... More


Global Protection for Inventions

Marketa Trimble

in Global Patents: Limits of Transnational Enforcement

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199840687
eISBN:
9780199933013
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199840687.003.0008
Subject:
Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law

Under the current patent systems, inventors who want global patent protection for their inventions must patent their inventions in every country in the world; however, it is uncommon for inventors to ... More


Is a Substantive Regime Adequate to Generate full Compliance? The Biotechnology Debate

Srividhya Ragavan

in Patent and Trade Disparities in Developing Countries

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199840670
eISBN:
9780199949786
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199840670.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law

This chapter explores how the relationship of the biotechnology industry with the patent system was facilitated, which subsequently led to the growth of the industry. It shows how the courts, the ... More


Institutional Design for China’s Innovation System: Implications for Intellectual Property Rights

Joseph E. Stiglitz

in Law and Economics with Chinese Characteristics: Institutions for Promoting Development in the Twenty-First Century

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199698547
eISBN:
9780191745522
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199698547.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia, Macro- and Monetary Economics

China has committed itself to becoming an "innovation economy." This chapter examines the institutional arrangements that will most facilitate its accomplishment of that goal. This is especially ... More


Resistance to Information: The Organization and the Independent Inventor

Stuart Macdonald

in Information for Innovation: Managing Change from an Information Perspective

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199241477
eISBN:
9780191696947
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199241477.003.0007
Subject:
Business and Management, Innovation, Organization Studies

This chapter explains how organizations resist information from external sources. It starts with an elaboration of the not-invented-here (NIH) syndrome, the condition in which organizations reject ... More


The Evolution of China’s IPR System and its Impact on the Innovative Performance of MNCs and Local Firms in China

Zheng Liang and Lan Xue

in Law and Economics with Chinese Characteristics: Institutions for Promoting Development in the Twenty-First Century

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199698547
eISBN:
9780191745522
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199698547.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia, Macro- and Monetary Economics

This chapter first retrospects the evolvement of China’s IPR system with special emphasis on the patent system. Then by using the data both on national and firm level, it compares the different ... More


Forging New Patent Politics Through the Human Embryonic Stem Cell Debates

Shobita Parthasarathy

in Patent Politics: Life Forms, Markets, and the Public Interest in the United States and Europe

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780226437859
eISBN:
9780226437996
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226437996.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter focuses on patents covering human embryonic stem cells in the United States and Europe. In both places, human embryonic stem cell research is very controversial; anti-abortion activists ... More


Commodification, Animal Dignity, and Patent-System Publics

Shobita Parthasarathy

in Patent Politics: Life Forms, Markets, and the Public Interest in the United States and Europe

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780226437859
eISBN:
9780226437996
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226437996.003.0004
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Chapter 3 compares controversies over patenting genetically engineered animals in the United States and Europe. It argues that through these debates, the two jurisdictions developed different ... More


Public Welfare and the International Patent System

Ruth L. Okediji

in Patent Law in Global Perspective

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780199334278
eISBN:
9780199361106
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199334278.003.0001
Subject:
Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law

International patent harmonization initiatives have become a mainstay of contemporary international economic relations, as has resistance to those efforts. Since the conclusion of the TRIPS ... More


Introduction

Shobita Parthasarathy

in Patent Politics: Life Forms, Markets, and the Public Interest in the United States and Europe

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780226437859
eISBN:
9780226437996
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226437996.003.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The introduction puts the US and European life form patent controversies into broader context of conflicts over intellectual property rights and science and technology policymaking. It suggests that ... More


Cracks in the Foundation

in The Patent Crisis and How the Courts Can Solve It

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226080611
eISBN:
9780226080635
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226080635.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law

This chapter investigates the overwhelming evidence that innovation generally, and the relationship of patents to innovation in particular, differ by industry. It specifically tells the story (or ... More


The Industry-Specific Nature of the Patent System

in The Patent Crisis and How the Courts Can Solve It

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226080611
eISBN:
9780226080635
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226080635.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law

This chapter investigates each of the industry-specific characteristics of the patent system. Industry-specific variation affects which companies choose to apply for patents, how many patents they ... More


Patent Law in Global Perspective

Ruth L. Okediji and Margo A. Bagley (eds)

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780199334278
eISBN:
9780199361106
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199334278.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law

This book addresses critical and timely questions in patent law from a truly global perspective, with contributions from leading patent law scholars from various countries. Offering fresh insights ... More


The Gathering Storm

in The Patent Crisis and How the Courts Can Solve It

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226080611
eISBN:
9780226080635
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226080635.003.0001
Subject:
Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law

This book shows that the courts are best situated to deal with the differences in patent policy, and indeed that they already have the tools to do so, provided they have the self-confidence to use ... More


Premium Inventions: Patents and Prizes as Incentive Mechanisms in Britain and the United States, 1750–1930

B. Zorina Khan

in Understanding Long-Run Economic Growth: Geography, Institutions, and the Knowledge Economy

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226116341
eISBN:
9780226116426
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226116426.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter examines the nature and consequences of different institutions for generating technological progress in Britain and the United States in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. It shows ... More


Observing the Patent System in Social and Political Perspective: A Case Study of Europe

Shobita Parthasarathy and Alexis Walker

in Patent Law in Global Perspective

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780199334278
eISBN:
9780199361106
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199334278.003.0011
Subject:
Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law

Most legal scholars treat the major patent systems across the world as substantially similar. These systems reward inventors with intellectual property rights for a limited period of time, bring ... More


Foundations of the Patent System

in The Patent Crisis and How the Courts Can Solve It

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226080611
eISBN:
9780226080635
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226080635.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law

This chapter presents a brief overview of the legal and textual characteristics of the patents, and the institutions involved in granting and enforcing them. It primarily concentrates on the United ... More


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