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Global Patents: Limits of Transnational Enforcement

Marketa Trimble

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199840687
eISBN:
9780199933013
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199840687.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law

In today's globalized economy, many inventors, investors, and businesses want their inventions to be protected in many, if not most, countries. However, there currently exists no single patent that ... More


Patents and Public Health: Principle, Politics and Paradox: British Academy Law Lecture

Edwin Cameron and Jonathan Berger

in Proceedings of the British Academy, Volume 131, 2004 Lectures

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263518
eISBN:
9780191734021
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263518.003.0012
Subject:
History, Cultural History

This lecture discusses how patent protection has been used in order to limit access to essential medicines. It considers how patents can be justified and shows how and why the ‘principle of balance’ ... More


Global Protection for Inventions

Marketa Trimble

in Global Patents: Limits of Transnational Enforcement

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199840687
eISBN:
9780199933013
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199840687.003.0008
Subject:
Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law

Under the current patent systems, inventors who want global patent protection for their inventions must patent their inventions in every country in the world; however, it is uncommon for inventors to ... More


TRIPS and the Right to Health

Sarah Joseph

in Blame it on the WTO?: A Human Rights Critique

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199565894
eISBN:
9780191728693
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199565894.003.0008
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Human Rights and Immigration

This chapter examines the impact of the Agreement on Trade Related Aspects of Intellectual Property (TRIPS) on the right to health, particularly the debate regarding the impact of global patent rules ... More


Patent and Trade Disparities in Developing Countries

Srividhya Ragavan

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199840670
eISBN:
9780199949786
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199840670.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law

For developing countries, the concept of sustainable development, as opposed to rapid pockets of development, embodies great promise for socio-political reasons. Most analyses of development, ... More


Protecting an Invention outside the Protecting Country

Marketa Trimble

in Global Patents: Limits of Transnational Enforcement

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199840687
eISBN:
9780199933013
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199840687.003.0010
Subject:
Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law

This chapter analyzes the doctrines used to prevent the exploitation of inventions outside protecting countries. It examines the doctrines from a comparative perspective by drawing from legislation ... More


Enforcing Parallel Patents

Marketa Trimble

in Global Patents: Limits of Transnational Enforcement

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199840687
eISBN:
9780199933013
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199840687.003.0009
Subject:
Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law

This chapter reviews both the private international law solutions and the institutional solutions to the problem of enforcement of parallel patents and analyzes the hurdles to their implementation. ... More


Administrative tasks in the framework of the European Patent Organisation

Winfried Tilmann

in Unified Patent Protection in Europe: A Commentary

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
March 2021
ISBN:
9780198755463
eISBN:
9780191927706
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198755463.003.0013
Subject:
Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law

The EPUE Reg is a ‘special agreement’ within the meaning of Art 142(1) EPC (Recital 6; → Introduction to this Commentary, mn 125–34). The participating Member States, as a ‘group of Contracting ... More


Conclusions

Marketa Trimble

in Global Patents: Limits of Transnational Enforcement

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199840687
eISBN:
9780199933013
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199840687.003.0028
Subject:
Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law

This concluding chapter begins with a discussion of the process of patent law internationalization. Patent law internationalization has made tremendous progress, which has improved the position of ... More


Technology Transfers in Developing Countries

Thomas K. Cheng

in The Patent-Competition Interface in Developing Countries

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
May 2022
ISBN:
9780192857354
eISBN:
9780191948152
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780192857354.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Competition Law

This chapter surveys the different modes of technology transfer and assesses how they relate to and are affected by competition regulation of patent exploitation practices. The different forms of ... More


Introduction

Marketa Trimble

in Global Patents: Limits of Transnational Enforcement

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199840687
eISBN:
9780199933013
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199840687.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law

This introductory chapter begins with a discussion of the fragmented patent system and the threats these pose to inventors. It then sets out the purpose of the book, which is to analyzes the various ... More


On the Consequences of a Highly Fragmented European Patent System

Bruno van Pottelsberghe de la Potterie and Malwina Mejer

in Reforming Rules and Regulations: Laws, Institutions, and Implementation

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014687
eISBN:
9780262289412
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014687.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

This chapter examines the economic impact of Europe's fragmented patent system. It shows that national jurisdictions ultimately prevail in the validation and enforcement of patents, which reduces its ... More


Trading Knowledge: An Exploration of Patent Protection and Other Determinants of Market Transactions in Technology and R&D

Ashish Arora, Marco Ceccagnoli, and Wesley M. Cohen

in Financing Innovation in the United States, 1870 to the Present

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262122894
eISBN:
9780262277884
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262122894.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter takes a look at how strong patent rights affect the growth of technology transactions. Several types of welfare benefits are seen to emerge out of this trade, such as how the division of ... More


Historical Developments

Philip W. Grubb, Peter R. Thomsen, Tom Hoxie, and Gordon Wright

in Patents for Chemicals, Pharmaceuticals, and Biotechnology

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2021
ISBN:
9780199684731
eISBN:
9780191932946
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199684731.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law

This chapter describes historical developments in patent systems and patent law. It highlights key developments in the UK from 1800–2014, in the US from 1790–2014, in other industrialized countries ... More


Introduction

Gert Würtenberger, Paul van der Kooij, Bart Kiewiet, and Martin Ekvad

in European Union Plant Variety Protection

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
July 2021
ISBN:
9780192898234
eISBN:
9780191926969
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780192898234.003.0001
Subject:
Law, EU Law, Environmental and Energy Law

This chapter introduces plant breeding, which is intended to alter plants genetically in such a manner that they adapt more appropriately to the needs of human beings. It describes the objectives of ... More


European patent with unitary effect

Winfried Tilmann

in Unified Patent Protection in Europe: A Commentary

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
March 2021
ISBN:
9780198755463
eISBN:
9780191927706
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198755463.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law

A European patent granted with the same set of claims in respect of all the participating Member States shall benefit from unitary effect in the participating Member States provided that its ... More


Foundations of the Patent System

in The Patent Crisis and How the Courts Can Solve It

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226080611
eISBN:
9780226080635
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226080635.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law

This chapter presents a brief overview of the legal and textual characteristics of the patents, and the institutions involved in granting and enforcing them. It primarily concentrates on the United ... More


A Golden Straitjacket?: The Struggle over Patents and Access to Medicines in Colombia

César Rodríguez-Garavito

in Balancing Wealth and Health: The Battle over Intellectual Property and Access to Medicines in Latin America

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780199676743
eISBN:
9780191756283
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199676743.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law, Competition Law

This chapter discusses the history of patent regulation in Colombia. It traces the evolution of patent protection from its beginnings in the Andean Pact norms of 1991, to the changes introduced by ... More


Harmonization of Patent Law

Philip W. Grubb, Peter R. Thomsen, Tom Hoxie, and Gordon Wright

in Patents for Chemicals, Pharmaceuticals, and Biotechnology

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2021
ISBN:
9780199684731
eISBN:
9780191932946
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199684731.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law

This chapter details developments in the harmonization of patent laws. The Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPs) Agreement has made significant strides in harmonizing levels ... More


The Diversity of Innovation

in The Patent Crisis and How the Courts Can Solve It

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226080611
eISBN:
9780226080635
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226080635.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law

This chapter presents a discussion on the diversity of innovation in different industries. The industry-specific components of innovation fall into several categories. The cost of R&D varies widely ... More


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