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Party Organization, Party Democracy, and the Emergence of the Cartel Party (With Richard S. Katz)

Peter Mair

in Party System Change: Approaches and Interpretations

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198295495
eISBN:
9780191599804
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198295499.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This is the first of two chapters on political party organizations and party systems, and discusses party organization, party democracy, and the emergence of the cartel party. It notes that a common ... More


Popular Legitimacy and Public Privileges: Party Organizations in Civil Society and the State

Peter Mair

in Party System Change: Approaches and Interpretations

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198295495
eISBN:
9780191599804
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198295499.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This is the second of two chapters on political party organizations and party systems. It discusses political party organizations in civil society and the state, with reference to western Europe. ... More


Party Organization and Party Performance: The Case of the French Socialist Party

Serenella Sferza

in Political Parties: Old Concepts and New Challenges

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199246748
eISBN:
9780191599385
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246742.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Much of the literature on parties centres on decline and failure, but recently the decline hypothesis has come under attack on both empirical and theoretical grounds, and this has exposed major ... More


Coevolution

Avi Max Spiegel

in Young Islam: The New Politics of Religion in Morocco and the Arab World

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691159843
eISBN:
9781400866434
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691159843.003.0003
Subject:
Society and Culture, Middle Eastern Studies

This chapter seeks to understand how Islamist movements have evolved over time, and, in the process, provide important background on the political and religious contexts of the movements in question. ... More


Electoral Markets and Stable States

Peter Mair

in Party System Change: Approaches and Interpretations

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198295495
eISBN:
9780191599804
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198295499.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This is the first of three chapters on political party systems and structures of competition, and looks at electoral markets in Europe. It begins by clarifying the term ‘electoral markets’ in the ... More


The Sources of Opposition Party Strength

Adrienne LeBas

in From Protest to Parties: Party-Building and Democratization in Africa

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199546862
eISBN:
9780191728594
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199546862.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

Why do we see the emergence of strong, cross-ethnic opposition parties in some democratizing regimes, while opposition parties in other countries remain organizationally underdeveloped and often ... More


Shuttle Ethnography

Avi Max Spiegel

in Young Islam: The New Politics of Religion in Morocco and the Arab World

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691159843
eISBN:
9781400866434
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691159843.003.0002
Subject:
Society and Culture, Middle Eastern Studies

This chapter presents the author's reflections on the methods and challenges involved in studying both legal and illegal Islamist movements up close. The author details his attempts to make contact ... More


Ideologies and Turkish Foreign Policies after the Cold War

Mark L. Haas

in The Clash of Ideologies: Middle Eastern Politics and American Security

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199838424
eISBN:
9780199933419
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199838424.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter demonstrates how ideologies shaped Turkish foreign policies after the Cold War. The chapter makes two main points. First, partisan ideological differences were central to Turkish ... More


From Protest to Parties: Party-Building and Democratization in Africa

Adrienne LeBas

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199546862
eISBN:
9780191728594
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199546862.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

Why do strong opposition party organizations emerge in some democratizing countries, while those in others remain weak or quickly fragment on ethnic lines? This book offers an explanation for why ... More


Morocco: Support for the Status Quo

Amaney A. Jamal

in Of Empires and Citizens: Pro-American Democracy or No Democracy at All?

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691149646
eISBN:
9781400845477
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691149646.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter focuses on Morocco, highlighting how citizens across the North African monarchy rationalize authoritarianism through the prism of strategic utility to U.S. (and EU) ties. Morocco ... More


The Nature of the Headscarf Controversy in Turkey: Popular Discourse

Hilal Elver

in The Headscarf Controversy: Secularism and Freedom of Religion

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199769292
eISBN:
9780199933136
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199769292.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

The Turkish headscarf debate since the 1980s and current political problems in the Turkish internal setting is the focus of this chapter. The power struggle between seculars and religious political ... More


The Rise and Decline of Parties

Richard S. Katz and Peter Mair

in Democracy and the Cartelization of Political Parties

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
July 2018
ISBN:
9780199586011
eISBN:
9780191866043
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199586011.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Democratization

When they rose to prominence in the régimes censitaires of the nineteenth century, most political parties were based primarily in parliament and had little external organization. With the advent of ... More


Islamic Movements Take Agency: The Decision over Participation

Esen Kirdiş

in The Rise of Islamic Political Movements and Parties: Morocco, Turkey and Jordan

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9781474450676
eISBN:
9781474464840
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474450676.003.0003
Subject:
Society and Culture, Middle Eastern Studies

This chapter examines the internal debates over party politics that took place within each of the six Islamic movements in question. It examines how ideological priorities and organizational needs ... More


Aborted Coups?: November 2002 and After

Hazem Kandil

in The Power Triangle: Military, Security, and Politics in Regime Change

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
December 2016
ISBN:
9780190239206
eISBN:
9780190239237
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190239206.003.0012
Subject:
Sociology, Politics, Social Movements and Social Change, Comparative and Historical Sociology

This chapter examines why no coup has been staged by the Turkish military since November 2002. It first discusses the reasons behind the Justice and Development Party's (AKP) ascendancy in Turkish ... More


Two Paths, Six Different Outcomes, Three New Political Centres

Esen Kirdiş

in The Rise of Islamic Political Movements and Parties: Morocco, Turkey and Jordan

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9781474450676
eISBN:
9781474464840
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474450676.003.0004
Subject:
Society and Culture, Middle Eastern Studies

This chapter looks at the effects of participation and non-participation both on Islamic movements and parties, and on the regime before and after the Arab Spring. By looking at how the same ... More


The Islamists of Morocco’s Party of Justice and Development and the Foreign Policy Problem: Between Structural Constraints and Economic Imperatives

Haoues Seniguer

in The Foreign Policy of Islamist Political Parties: Ideology in Practice

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9781474426640
eISBN:
9781474449779
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474426640.003.0002
Subject:
Society and Culture, Middle Eastern Studies

How Moroccan Islamists have come to a vision of international affairs compliant with the Monarchy’s view of the Moroccan interest? This chapter sheds light on the evolution of the Party for Justice ... More


The Rise and Fall of the Military as a Political Force

İlter Turan

in Turkey’s Difficult Journey to Democracy: Two Steps Forward, One Step Back

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199663989
eISBN:
9780191799341
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199663989.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter analyzes the changing role of the military in Turkish politics from guardian to accepting civilian supremacy. Street violence and ineffective coalitions brought another military ... More


Islam, Democracy, and Turkey’s Secular State

John L. Esposito, Tamara Sonn, and John O. Voll

in Islam and Democracy after the Arab Spring

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
October 2015
ISBN:
9780195147988
eISBN:
9780190263799
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195147988.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Islam, Religion and Society

This chapter discusses the development of Turkey’s secular state and the re-emergence of Islam in Turkish politics. For years, Turkey provided the only modern secular (though not completely ... More


Moroccan Post-Islamism: Emerging Trend or Chimera?

Sami Zemni

in Post-Islamism: The Changing Faces of Political Islam

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199766062
eISBN:
9780199345137
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199766062.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Islam

The aim of this contribution is to think about the modalities of change that have affected Islamism in Morocco over the last decades. Conceptualizing this change against the backdrop of larger ... More


Islamist Parties and Transformation in Tunisia and Morocco

Francesco Cavatorta and Fabio Merone

in Social Currents in North Africa: Culture and Governance after the Arab Spring

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
June 2019
ISBN:
9780190876036
eISBN:
9780190943127
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190876036.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter surveys the most important debates generated by these research agendas, and argues that, despite some impressive contributions, their focus remains generally limited to certain aspects ... More


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