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Democracy and Diversity: Political Engineering in the Asia-Pacific

Benjamin Reilly

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199286874
eISBN:
9780191713156
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199286874.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This book shows how political reformers across the Asia-Pacific region have responded to the reality of their internal diversity by deliberate, innovative, and often highly ambitious forms of ... More


Conclusion

Michael Gallagher

in The Politics of Electoral Systems

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199257560
eISBN:
9780191603280
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199257566.003.0026
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The origins of electoral systems are varied, with some brought into being with all-party consensus and others being introduced by majorities for clearly partisan motives. Turning to the impact of ... More


The Politics of Electoral Systems

Michael Gallagher and Paul Mitchell (eds)

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199257560
eISBN:
9780191603280
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199257566.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Electoral systems are the central political institution in representative democracies. They convert votes into seats and structure the choices facing voters. They also affect the behaviour of ... More


Mixed-Member Electoral Systems: The Best of Both Worlds?

Matthew Soberg Shugart and Martin P. Wattenberg (eds)

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199257683
eISBN:
9780191600241
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019925768X.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This is a series (Comparative Politics) for students and teachers of political science that deals with contemporary issues in comparative government and politics. In the view of many electoral ... More


Electoral Representation in Loosely Electoral Representation in Loosely Bounded Territories: Mass Politics in the EU?

Stefano Bartolini

in Restructuring Europe: Centre Formation, System Building, and Political Structuring between the Nation State and the European Union

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199286430
eISBN:
9780191603242
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199286434.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

This chapter investigates the electoral representation of the integration issues, assuming that the shift in the location of institutional power related to European integration may be accompanied by ... More


Comparative Electoral Systems Research: The Maturation of a Field and New Challenges Ahead

Matthew Søberg Shugart

in The Politics of Electoral Systems

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199257560
eISBN:
9780191603280
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199257566.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

A comprehensive review of the literature on electoral systems establishes the progress made in the field in recent years. This area of political science research can now be regarded as a mature ... More


Political Parties and Party Systems

Hans‐Dieter Klingemann

in The European Voter: A Comparative Study Of Modern Democracies

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2005
ISBN:
9780199273218
eISBN:
9780191602962
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199273219.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter offers a historical description of the development of the national party systems of the countries represented in the book. First, it provides an overview of the political parties in the ... More


Mass Unemployment and the State

Johannes Lindvall

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199590643
eISBN:
9780191723407
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199590643.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Political Economy

Ever since the 1970s, the problem of unemployment has defined politics in Western Europe, but governments have responded in different ways. In the 1970s and 1980s, some governments used macroeconomic ... More


Canada's Nineteenth‐Century Cadre Parties at the Millennium

R. Kenneth Carty

in Political Parties in Advanced Industrial Democracies

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199240562
eISBN:
9780191600296
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199240566.003.0012
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The electoral explosion that overthrew the established patterns of Canada's national party system in 1993 marked the end of yet another cycle in Canadian party system development, for there had been ... More


Constitutional Design and Problems of Implementation in Southern and Eastern Europe

Leonardo Morlino

in Democratic Consolidation in Eastern Europe Volume 1: Institutional Engineering

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199244089
eISBN:
9780191600364
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199244081.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

In this chapter, Leonardo Morlino presents an analytical framework for studying the implementation of constitutional norms. The aim of the first section is to isolate the guiding concepts for ... More


The Consequences of Russia's Mixed‐Member Electoral System

Robert G. Moser

in Mixed-Member Electoral Systems: The Best of Both Worlds?

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199257683
eISBN:
9780191600241
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019925768X.003.0023
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The Russian mixed‐member majoritarian (MMM) system introduced by executive decree in 1993 and passed into law in 1995 did not produce the outcomes expected by its designers, nor have electoral system ... More


Still Functional After All These Years: Parties in the United States, 1960–2000

John C. Green

in Political Parties in Advanced Industrial Democracies

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199240562
eISBN:
9780191600296
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199240566.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The American party system has experienced considerable change since 1960, and the meaning of this change is the subject of much debate, at the core of which is a basic question: how functional is the ... More


Party System Change: Approaches and Interpretations

Peter Mair

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198295495
eISBN:
9780191599804
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198295499.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This book looks at how the evidence of change and stability in modern political parties and party systems is interpreted. The emphasis is on western European political parties. The primary focus of ... More


Party Systems and Structures of Competition

Peter Mair

in Party System Change: Approaches and Interpretations

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198295495
eISBN:
9780191599804
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198295499.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This is the third of three chapters on political party systems and structures of competition, and presents an overall review. In the first section, Approaches to the Classification of Party Systems: ... More


Different structuring of partisan politics in America and Europe: the role of parties in the political process

Sergio Fabbrini

in Compound Democracies: Why the United States and Europe Are Becoming Similar

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199235612
eISBN:
9780191715686
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199235612.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter discusses the different forms of structuring of partisan politics in America and the European nation-states. Regarding the party systems, American politics has been traditionally ... More


Japan: Haltingly Towards a Two‐Party System

Steven R. Reed

in The Politics of Electoral Systems

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199257560
eISBN:
9780191603280
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199257566.003.0013
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Japan embarked upon fundamental electoral reform in the 1990s. The single non-transferable vote was replaced by a mixed parallel system, which has resulted in an increase in disproportionality. The ... More


Chile: The Unexpected (and Expected) Consequences of Electoral Engineering

Peter M. Siavelis

in The Politics of Electoral Systems

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199257560
eISBN:
9780191603280
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199257566.003.0021
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Chile’s binomial open-list PR system was selected by the Pinochet regime as the most likely to optimise the parliamentary strength of the authoritarian right given its level of electoral support. The ... More


The Problem of Party System Change

Peter Mair

in Party System Change: Approaches and Interpretations

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198295495
eISBN:
9780191599804
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198295499.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This is the second of three chapters on persistence and change in political parties. Its theme is the problem of party system change in western Europe, and its purpose, rather than to propose some ... More


The Israeli Mixed Electoral System: Unexpected Reciprocal and Cumulative Consequences

Reuven Y. Hazan

in Mixed-Member Electoral Systems: The Best of Both Worlds?

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199257683
eISBN:
9780191600241
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019925768X.003.0017
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This analyzes the consequences of the Israeli version of a mixed electoral system, in which a majoritarian method of electing the head of the executive branch was grafted onto an extremely ... More


The Number and Balance of Parties

Rein Taagepera

in Predicting Party Sizes: The Logic of Simple Electoral Systems

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199287741
eISBN:
9780191713408
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199287741.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

When some parties have many seats and some have few, we need a meaningful ‘effective’ number of parties so as to compare the effects of electoral systems on party systems. The standard way to express ... More


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