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Beyond the Catch‐All Party: Approaches to the Study of Parties and Party Organization in Contemporary Democracies

Steven B. Wolinetz

in Political Parties: Old Concepts and New Challenges

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199246748
eISBN:
9780191599385
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246742.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

There are good reasons for re‐examining existing classifications of parties and seeing if others can be developed. However, reworking categories is a complex process, requiring further research and ... More


Choices Parties Offer

Michael D. McDonald and Ian Budge

in Elections, Parties, Democracy: Conferring the Median Mandate

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199286720
eISBN:
9780191603327
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199286728.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Parties and their programmes form the alternatives electors vote for under modern representative democracy. A precondition of mandate theory, as opposed to convergence theories of democracy, is that ... More


Challenge and Crisis, 1985–1991

Evan Mawdsley and Stephen White

in The Soviet Elite from Lenin to Gorbachev: The Central Committee and its Members 1917-1991

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198297383
eISBN:
9780191599842
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198297386.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Russian Politics

There were high levels of turnover in the Central Committee during the Gorbachev years, reflecting the new leader's conviction that the renewal of party and government officials was essential to the ... More


Linking Citizens and Parties: How Electoral Systems Matter for Political Representation

Lawrence Ezrow

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199572526
eISBN:
9780191722752
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199572526.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, European Union

Democracy depends on parties to articulate the political preferences of citizens. Do parties perform this crucial function? This book moves beyond conjecture to address empirically the degree to ... More


Research Questions for Comparative Investigation

Michael D. McDonald and Ian Budge

in Elections, Parties, Democracy: Conferring the Median Mandate

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199286720
eISBN:
9780191603327
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199286728.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter describes the data and the way thse are deployed operationally in the subsequent analysis. The data falls into three main categories: aggregate voting results for post-war national ... More


Benchmarking the Baseline Model

Michael Laver and Ernest Sergenti

in Party Competition: An Agent-Based Model

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691139036
eISBN:
9781400840328
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691139036.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter begins the investigation of multiparty competition using the baseline model specified in Chapter 3 and methods and procedures specified in Chapter 4. The most significant results concern ... More


The Making of Party Policy

JOHN BARNES and RICHARD COCKETT

in Conservative Century: The Conservative Party since 1900

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198202387
eISBN:
9780191675317
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198202387.003.0009
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, Political History

This chapter highlights the focus upon the short term rather than the long, upon practical politics rather than theory, and upon action rather than reflection. It explores the creation and roles of ... More


The Welfare State Managers: Senior Civil Servants in Sweden

Jon Pierre and Peter Ehn

in Bureaucratic Elites in Western European States: A Comparative Analysis of Top Officials

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294467
eISBN:
9780191600067
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294468.003.0012
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The first part of this chapter discusses retrenchment, recent institutional changes, and senior civil servants in Sweden; it attributes the recent changes in the senior civil service to the budgetary ... More


The Dynamics of Divergence: Ideology, Factionalism, and Representation

Ian Budge, Hans Keman, Michael McDonald, and Paul Pennings

in Organizing Democratic Choice: Party Representation Over Time

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199654932
eISBN:
9780191741685
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199654932.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter approaches party position-taking from a new angle, viewing it as an internal factional process rather than as strategic decisions by a unitary agent. It assumes that parties are ... More


The Conservatives since 1945: The Drivers of Party Change

Tim Bale

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199234370
eISBN:
9780191746093
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199234370.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics

What do we really mean when we say a political party has changed? And exactly what is it that drives that change? Political scientists working in the comparative tradition have come up with a general ... More


A Description of the Greek Higher Civil Service

Dimitri A. Sotiropoulos

in Bureaucratic Elites in Western European States: A Comparative Analysis of Top Officials

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294467
eISBN:
9780191600067
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294468.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Formally, the higher civil service of Greece is a powerful group, but it also has a legitimate claim to relative powerlessness. Its subservient role is correlated with the perennial and problematic ... More


Senior Officials in the Danish Central Administration: From Bureaucrats to Policy Professionals and Managers

Hanne Nexø Jensen and Tim Knudsen

in Bureaucratic Elites in Western European States: A Comparative Analysis of Top Officials

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294467
eISBN:
9780191600067
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294468.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The Danish senior civil service has a mixture of older and newer traditions, in which history and tradition are very important. Accordingly, this chapter starts by summarizing the historical ... More


Choices

Robert Rohrschneider and Stephen Stephen

in The Strain of Representation: How Parties Represent Diverse Voters in Western and Eastern Europe

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199652785
eISBN:
9780191744907
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199652785.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter considers the party representation model in light of its first criterion – that parties should present policy choices to voters. The conclusions that emerge from these analyses are ... More


Conceptualizing Representational Strain

Robert Rohrschneider and Stephen Stephen

in The Strain of Representation: How Parties Represent Diverse Voters in Western and Eastern Europe

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199652785
eISBN:
9780191744907
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199652785.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter develops the theoretical basis of our party representation model and our expectations about representational strain. The chapter argues that the way parties represent citizens cannot be ... More


Party Competition: An Agent-Based Model

Michael Laver and Ernest Sergenti

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691139036
eISBN:
9781400840328
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691139036.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Party competition for votes in free and fair elections involves complex interactions by multiple actors in political landscapes that are continuously evolving, yet classical theoretical approaches to ... More


Conclusion

Tim Bale

in The Conservatives since 1945: The Drivers of Party Change

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199234370
eISBN:
9780191746093
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199234370.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics

Having tracked and explained change in detail, the book finishes with a chapter that switches from streetview to satellite and then finally to map. It begins by summarising the extent of change in ... More


Policy analysis in political parties

Irma Mendez de Hoyos

in Policy Analysis in Mexico

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9781447329152
eISBN:
9781447329176
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447329152.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter analyses the extent to which Mexican political parties have evolved and developed competence for policy analysis, offer policy options to party candidates during campaigns and carry out ... More


Conclusion

RICHARD DUNPHY

in The Making of Fianna Fáil Power in Ireland 1923–1948

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198204749
eISBN:
9780191676383
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198204749.003.0006
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

Focused on the emergence and persistence of Fianna Fáil as a dominant party in Irish politics, this chapter discusses its political strategy. It emphasizes the role of Fianna Fáil and its rivals in ... More


Using the Manifesto Estimates to Refine Party Family Placements

Andrea Volkens, Judith Bara, Ian Budge, Michael D. McDonald, Robin Best, and Simon Franzmann

in Mapping Policy Preferences From Texts: Statistical Solutions for Manifesto Analysts

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199640041
eISBN:
9780191757181
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199640041.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

While the preceding chapter focused on RILE, the Manifesto Left-Right scale, this chapter examines the validity of the specific measures included in the dataset, by seeing how well they locate ... More


The (feminised) contemporary Conservative Party

Rosie Campbell and Sarah Childs

in Rethinking Right-Wing Women: Gender and the Conservative Party, 1880s To the Present

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9781784994389
eISBN:
9781526132383
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781784994389.003.0012
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics

This chapter argues that party feminization – the integration of women and women’s issues– is best understood as a process rather than an end point; as such we explore continuity and change in the ... More


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