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Canada's Nineteenth‐Century Cadre Parties at the Millennium

R. Kenneth Carty

in Political Parties in Advanced Industrial Democracies

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199240562
eISBN:
9780191600296
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199240566.003.0012
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The electoral explosion that overthrew the established patterns of Canada's national party system in 1993 marked the end of yet another cycle in Canadian party system development, for there had been ... More


Party Members and Party Organization

Susan E. Scarrow

in Parties and Their Members: Organizing for Victory in Britain and Germany

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198279181
eISBN:
9780191600166
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198279183.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

One aspect of the debate about party decline is the question of whether political parties with large individual memberships (so called mass parties) are becoming a relic of the past. Political ... More


The Ascendancy of the Party in Public Office: Party Organizational Change in Twentieth‐Century Democracies

Richard S. Katz and Peter Mair

in Political Parties: Old Concepts and New Challenges

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199246748
eISBN:
9780191599385
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246742.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Concerned with the development of party organizations in twentieth‐century democracies, and deals specifically with the shifting balance of power between what has earlier been termed the three ... More


Still Functional After All These Years: Parties in the United States, 1960–2000

John C. Green

in Political Parties in Advanced Industrial Democracies

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199240562
eISBN:
9780191600296
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199240566.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The American party system has experienced considerable change since 1960, and the meaning of this change is the subject of much debate, at the core of which is a basic question: how functional is the ... More


Popular Legitimacy and Public Privileges: Party Organizations in Civil Society and the State

Peter Mair

in Party System Change: Approaches and Interpretations

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198295495
eISBN:
9780191599804
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198295499.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This is the second of two chapters on political party organizations and party systems. It discusses political party organizations in civil society and the state, with reference to western Europe. ... More


The Development of Membership Parties in Germany and Britain

Susan E. Scarrow

in Parties and Their Members: Organizing for Victory in Britain and Germany

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198279181
eISBN:
9780191600166
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198279183.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Traces the post‐1945 organizational developments in the German Social Democratic Party and Christian Democratic Party and in the British Labour and Conservative Parties. Highlights changes in the ... More


Introduction: Reviewing and Reassessing Parties

José Ramón Montero and Richard Gunther

in Political Parties: Old Concepts and New Challenges

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199246748
eISBN:
9780191599385
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246742.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Some scholars have concluded that the existing literature on parties is sufficient, and that there is little more that can be learned through additional study in the aftermath of a century of ... More


Party Organization, Party Democracy, and the Emergence of the Cartel Party (With Richard S. Katz)

Peter Mair

in Party System Change: Approaches and Interpretations

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198295495
eISBN:
9780191599804
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198295499.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This is the first of two chapters on political party organizations and party systems, and discusses party organization, party democracy, and the emergence of the cartel party. It notes that a common ... More


Party Members and Inter‐Election Activities

Susan E. Scarrow

in Parties and Their Members: Organizing for Victory in Britain and Germany

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198279181
eISBN:
9780191600166
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198279183.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Organizers in German and British political parties have raised their expectations about what is to be gained from members’ interelection activities. Members are seen as increasingly valuable for ... More


Party System Change: Approaches and Interpretations

Peter Mair

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198295495
eISBN:
9780191599804
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198295499.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This book looks at how the evidence of change and stability in modern political parties and party systems is interpreted. The emphasis is on western European political parties. The primary focus of ... More


The Costs and Benefits of Enrolling Members

Susan E. Scarrow

in Parties and Their Members: Organizing for Victory in Britain and Germany

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198279181
eISBN:
9780191600166
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198279183.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Change in political party organizations can be characterized as movement along the dimensions of mediation, inclusiveness, and centralization. Among the reasons for parties to recruit are that ... More


Parties at the European Level

Simon Hix

in Political Parties in Advanced Industrial Democracies

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199240562
eISBN:
9780191600296
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199240566.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Since the 1970s, academic interest in ‘parties at the European level’ has gone full circle. The story began in the 1970s, in the wake of the decision to hold direct elections to the European ... More


Party Decline in the Parties State? The Changing Environment of German Politics

Susan E. Scarrow

in Political Parties in Advanced Industrial Democracies

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199240562
eISBN:
9780191600296
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199240566.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The 1949 (West) German Basic Law established a system of party‐based democracy that has now endured for more than half a century, yet today's political system is not identical to that of earlier ... More


The Scandinavian Party Model at the Crossroads

Jan Sundberg

in Political Parties in Advanced Industrial Democracies

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199240562
eISBN:
9780191600296
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199240566.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Scandinavian party systems have often been seen as ‘ultra stable’, a view that was certainly justified between 1945 and the early 1970; however, the general election of 1973 in Denmark signalled a ... More


Spain: Building a Parties State in a New Democracy

Ian Holliday

in Political Parties in Advanced Industrial Democracies

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199240562
eISBN:
9780191600296
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199240566.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Spain has made a number of experiments with democracy, but only since the mid‐1970s has this been successful. At that time, strenuous efforts were made to ensure that political parties would come ... More


Still the Age of Catch‐Allism? Volksparteien and Parteienstaat in Crisis and Re‐equilibration

Hans‐Jürgen Puhle

in Political Parties: Old Concepts and New Challenges

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199246748
eISBN:
9780191599385
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246742.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Experience of modern political parties during the last fifty years can be briefly summarized under two headlines: the rise of the catch‐all party (Volksparteien) after the Second World War (earlier ... More


Parties and Society in New Zealand

Jack Vowles

in Political Parties in Advanced Industrial Democracies

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199240562
eISBN:
9780191600296
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199240566.003.0014
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The first introductory section discusses the evolution of the current party system in New Zealand, from a system dominated by the two parties around which it had aligned in the 1930s, to the ... More


Continuities, Changes, and the Vulnerability of Party

Peter Mair

in Party System Change: Approaches and Interpretations

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198295495
eISBN:
9780191599804
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198295499.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This is the first of three chapters on persistence and change in political parties. Its theme is continuities, changes, and the vulnerability of the party in western Europe, and the aim is to ... More


France: Never a Golden Age

Andrew Knapp

in Political Parties in Advanced Industrial Democracies

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199240562
eISBN:
9780191600296
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199240566.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

General Charles de Gaulle, founder of the Fifth French Republic in 1958, was a bitter opponent of the unchecked power of political parties, for which he blamed the failure of earlier Republics, but ... More


The Colour Purple: The End of Predictable Politics in the Low Countries

Kris Deschouwer

in Political Parties in Advanced Industrial Democracies

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199240562
eISBN:
9780191600296
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199240566.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Belgium and the Netherlands are often taken and presented together as the ‘Low Countries’, and there are good reasons for treating the two countries as part of a single category, since both are ... More


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