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Parties Without Members?: Party Organization in a Changing Electoral Environment

Susan E. Scarrow

in Parties Without Partisans: Political Change in Advanced Industrial Democracies

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199253098
eISBN:
9780191599026
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199253099.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Examines how parties have fared as membership organizations over the past half century. The most comprehensive series of party‐reported membership and survey data for the OECD nations finds that ... More


Party Membership and Party Representativeness

Anders Widfeldt

in Citizens and the State

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294733
eISBN:
9780191599699
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294735.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The analysis is based on the conception of political parties as participatory and/or representative linkages between the public and their governments. Its main purpose is to investigate how the ... More


The Ascendancy of the Party in Public Office: Party Organizational Change in Twentieth‐Century Democracies

Richard S. Katz and Peter Mair

in Political Parties: Old Concepts and New Challenges

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199246748
eISBN:
9780191599385
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246742.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Concerned with the development of party organizations in twentieth‐century democracies, and deals specifically with the shifting balance of power between what has earlier been termed the three ... More


Parties and Society in New Zealand

Jack Vowles

in Political Parties in Advanced Industrial Democracies

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199240562
eISBN:
9780191600296
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199240566.003.0014
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The first introductory section discusses the evolution of the current party system in New Zealand, from a system dominated by the two parties around which it had aligned in the 1930s, to the ... More


Spain: Building a Parties State in a New Democracy

Ian Holliday

in Political Parties in Advanced Industrial Democracies

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199240562
eISBN:
9780191600296
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199240566.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Spain has made a number of experiments with democracy, but only since the mid‐1970s has this been successful. At that time, strenuous efforts were made to ensure that political parties would come ... More


The Colour Purple: The End of Predictable Politics in the Low Countries

Kris Deschouwer

in Political Parties in Advanced Industrial Democracies

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199240562
eISBN:
9780191600296
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199240566.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Belgium and the Netherlands are often taken and presented together as the ‘Low Countries’, and there are good reasons for treating the two countries as part of a single category, since both are ... More


Candidacy

Reuven Y. Hazan and Gideon Rahat

in Democracy within Parties: Candidate Selection Methods and Their Political Consequences

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199572540
eISBN:
9780191723070
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199572540.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Candidacy tells us who is eligible to present himself/herself in the candidate selection process of a single political party at a particular point in time. The restrictions and requirements applied ... More


The Welfare State Managers: Senior Civil Servants in Sweden

Jon Pierre and Peter Ehn

in Bureaucratic Elites in Western European States: A Comparative Analysis of Top Officials

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294467
eISBN:
9780191600067
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294468.003.0012
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The first part of this chapter discusses retrenchment, recent institutional changes, and senior civil servants in Sweden; it attributes the recent changes in the senior civil service to the budgetary ... More


Senior Officials in the Danish Central Administration: From Bureaucrats to Policy Professionals and Managers

Hanne Nexø Jensen and Tim Knudsen

in Bureaucratic Elites in Western European States: A Comparative Analysis of Top Officials

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294467
eISBN:
9780191600067
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294468.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The Danish senior civil service has a mixture of older and newer traditions, in which history and tradition are very important. Accordingly, this chapter starts by summarizing the historical ... More


Myths and Realities of Mass Membership Parties

Susan E. Scarrow

in Beyond Party Members: Changing Approaches to Partisan Mobilization

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780199661862
eISBN:
9780191748332
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199661862.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The chapter provides a short history of the growth and consolidation of party membership organizations in nineteen established democracies. Whereas many accounts point to falling membership numbers ... More


Rules of Engagement?: Party Membership Costs, New Forms of Party Affiliation, and Partisan Participation

Karina Kosiara-Pedersen, Susan E. Scarrow, and Emilie van Haute

in Organizing Political Parties: Representation, Participation, and Power

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
July 2017
ISBN:
9780198758631
eISBN:
9780191818554
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198758631.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter investigates whether variations in party affiliation rules have political consequences, looking in particular at their effects on partisan participation. The research presented here ... More


Beyond Party Members: Changing Approaches to Partisan Mobilization

Susan Scarrow

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780199661862
eISBN:
9780191748332
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199661862.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

For more than a century members of political parties have played a central role in many parliamentary democracies, helping parties to mobilize voters, and visibly linking party leaders with their ... More


Multi-Speed Membership Parties

Susan E. Scarrow

in Beyond Party Members: Changing Approaches to Partisan Mobilization

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780199661862
eISBN:
9780191748332
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199661862.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Contemporary parties are responding to membership losses and electoral setbacks by rethinking their approaches to grassroots organizing. Using a nineteen-country survey of party web pages, this ... More


Motives and Modes of Party Membership

Susan E. Scarrow

in Beyond Party Members: Changing Approaches to Partisan Mobilization

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780199661862
eISBN:
9780191748332
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199661862.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter presents three sets of concepts that are useful for studying party membership development. First, membership can be seen through an economic lens, as the product of supply-side and ... More


Should We Believe that Improved Intra-Party Democracy Would Arrest Party Decline?

Richard S. Katz

in The Challenges of Intra-Party Democracy

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199661879
eISBN:
9780191748349
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199661879.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Discussion of intraparty democracy often starts from the presumption that citizens want to be influential within political parties, so that declining party membership and participation must indicate ... More


The Paradox of Party Funding: The Limited Impact of State Subsidies on Party Membership

Ingrid van Biezen and Petr Kopecký

in Organizing Political Parties: Representation, Participation, and Power

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
July 2017
ISBN:
9780198758631
eISBN:
9780191818554
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198758631.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter addresses the role of public funding in party organizational transformation. Focusing mainly on European democracies, and using the new systematic data obtained from the Political Party ... More


The Locus of Power in Parties

Richard S. Katz and Peter Mair

in Democracy and the Cartelization of Political Parties

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
July 2018
ISBN:
9780199586011
eISBN:
9780191866043
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199586011.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Democratization

Rather than being unitary actors, each party is a political system in itself, with three major “faces”: the party in public office; the party central office; and the party on the ground. Over time, ... More


Making Party Membership Rewarding: Social and Material Benefits

Susan E. Scarrow

in Beyond Party Members: Changing Approaches to Partisan Mobilization

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780199661862
eISBN:
9780191748332
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199661862.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

If political parties want to make party membership more attractive to new and existing members, they should boost the benefits that seem to most appealing to potential members. But which benefits are ... More


Assessing the Strength of Party Organizational Resources: A Survey of the Evidence from the Political Party Database

Paul D. Webb and Dan Keith

in Organizing Political Parties: Representation, Participation, and Power

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
July 2017
ISBN:
9780198758631
eISBN:
9780191818554
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198758631.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter provides a survey of four types of party organizational resources in the PPDB: members, money, staff, and territorial units. Findings include that around 3 per cent of voters now join ... More


The Consequences of Organizational Change

Susan E. Scarrow

in Beyond Party Members: Changing Approaches to Partisan Mobilization

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780199661862
eISBN:
9780191748332
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199661862.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter investigates the implications of changing modes of party affiliation. On the one hand, non-member affiliates may help multi-speed membership parties to replace some of the resources once ... More


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