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The Low Countries: From ‘Prime Minister’ The Low Countries: From ‘Prime Minister’ to President‐Minister

Stefaan Fiers and André Krouwel

in The Presidentialization of Politics: A Comparative Study of Modern Democracies

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780199252015
eISBN:
9780191602375
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199252017.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Historically, both Belgium and the Netherlands are archetypes of ‘consociational democracies’. These are characterized by broad multi-party coalitions, numerous power-sharing devices, and fragile ... More


Party Leaders and Party Choice

John Curtice and Sören Holmberg

in The European Voter: A Comparative Study Of Modern Democracies

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2005
ISBN:
9780199273218
eISBN:
9780191602962
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199273219.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Elections are widely believed to have become beauty contests in which voters decide who to vote for on the basis of which party leader they like most, rather than which party they think has the best ... More


‘President Persson’—How Did ‘President Persson’—How Did Sweden Get Him?

Nicholas Aylott

in The Presidentialization of Politics: A Comparative Study of Modern Democracies

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780199252015
eISBN:
9780191602375
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199252017.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Sweden is undoubtedly a parliamentary democracy. Indeed, many felt that the legislature had become too strong, and the executive too weak. But recently, this argument has been turned round. The ... More


Party Leaders with Policy Preferences

Michael Laver and Ernest Sergenti

in Party Competition: An Agent-Based Model

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691139036
eISBN:
9781400840328
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691139036.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter adapts the dynamic model of multiparty competition to take into account the possibility that party leaders take their own preferences into account when they set party policy. If they do ... More


Political Choice in Britain

Harold D. Clarke, David Sanders, Marianne C. Stewart, and Paul Whiteley

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2004
ISBN:
9780199244881
eISBN:
9780191601521
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019924488X.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics

Political Choice in Britain uses data from the 1964 to 2001 British election studies (BES), 1992 to 2002 monthly Gallup polls, and numerous other national surveys conducted over the past ... More


The Selectorate

Reuven Y. Hazan and Gideon Rahat

in Democracy within Parties: Candidate Selection Methods and Their Political Consequences

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199572540
eISBN:
9780191723070
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199572540.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The selectorate is the body that selects a political party's candidates for public office. We classify the selectorate according to levels of inclusiveness versus exclusiveness. The most inclusive ... More


How Should we Choose Party Leaders?

William Cross and André Blais

in Politics at the Centre: The Selection and Removal of Party Leaders in the Anglo Parliamentary Democracies

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199596720
eISBN:
9780191740688
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199596720.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter considers how party leaders should be chosen in parliamentary democracies and how they should be held to account. Party leaders are too important, both within the party and generally ... More


New Decision Rules, New Rule Features

Michael Laver and Ernest Sergenti

in Party Competition: An Agent-Based Model

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691139036
eISBN:
9781400840328
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691139036.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter investigates the implications of having a very large and diverse set of decision rules that any party leader might use. It defines two completely new vote-seeking rule “species.” It also ... More


Why Study Party Leadership Selection?

William Cross and André Blais

in Politics at the Centre: The Selection and Removal of Party Leaders in the Anglo Parliamentary Democracies

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199596720
eISBN:
9780191740688
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199596720.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter argues that political parties are central players in contemporary western democracies and that their leaders are powerful figures. Party leaders are increasingly important in all spheres ... More


Running, Getting Elected, and Staying in Office

William Cross and André Blais

in Politics at the Centre: The Selection and Removal of Party Leaders in the Anglo Parliamentary Democracies

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199596720
eISBN:
9780191740688
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199596720.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter explores three of the defining characteristics of leadership politics: competitiveness of contests, who wins, and leaders’ longevity. Leadership contests are often not competitive as ... More


Party as Gatekeeper: Canvass, Convention, and Caucus as Nomination Mechanisms

Wendy J. Schiller and Charles Stewart III

in Electing the Senate: Indirect Democracy before the Seventeenth Amendment

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691163161
eISBN:
9781400852680
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691163161.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This chapter analyzes the role of the party as a gatekeeper to running for U.S. Senate and delves more deeply into the role of the political party as an organization in the state legislature. It ... More


The Selection of the Party Leader

VERNON BOGDANOR

in Conservative Century: The Conservative Party since 1900

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198202387
eISBN:
9780191675317
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198202387.003.0002
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, Political History

This chapter serves as a trenchant attack upon the received wisdom that the procedure has been antidemocratic, and shows that the main concern of the party during the 13 leadership changes which ... More


In Conclusion

Michael Laver and Ernest Sergenti

in Party Competition: An Agent-Based Model

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691139036
eISBN:
9781400840328
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691139036.003.0012
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This concluding chapter summarizes key themes and presents some final thoughts. This book started with the twin premises that understanding multiparty competition is a core concern for everyone ... More


Leaders: Authority and Crises

Stuart Ball

in Portrait of a Party: The Conservative Party in Britain 1918-1945

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199667987
eISBN:
9780191751356
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199667987.003.0008
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, Political History

This chapter arrives at the apex of power in the Conservative Party—the Leader of the Party. It analyses the office of Party Leader: their rise to the top, the machinery by which they ‘emerge’ or are ... More


Popularity and performance? Leader effects in the 2016 election

Stephen Quinlan and Eoin O’Malley

in The post-crisis Irish voter: Voting behaviour in the Irish 2016 general election

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9781526122643
eISBN:
9781526138989
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781526122643.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter addresses the importance of leadership effects in 2016. It assesses the impact of the leaders of the four main parties (Fianna Fáil, Fine Gael, Labour and Sinn Féin) in influencing the ... More


Parties in Congress

Ross M. English

in The United States Congress

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719063084
eISBN:
9781781700228
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719063084.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter explores the role played by political parties, one of the most overlooked aspects of Congress; shows how the Congress is organised along party lines; and outlines the various party ... More


The Impact of Leaders in Parliamentary and Presidential Regimes

John Curtice and Marco Lisi

in Personality Politics?: The Role of Leader Evaluations in Democratic Elections

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199660124
eISBN:
9780191755934
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199660124.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Leaders have become the human face of election campaigns, while electorates have become dealigned. This has led to the suggestion that in parliamentary elections many voters now vote for the party ... More


Party Leader Effects on the Vote

Sören Holmberg and Henrik Oscarsson

in Political Leaders and Democratic Elections

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780199259007
eISBN:
9780191803406
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199259007.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter examines the effects of party leaders on the vote. It tests the following hypotheses: first, that party leader popularity has a fairly substantial impact on the vote in most political ... More


Facing a Changing Party: Democratic Elites and Civil Rights

Eric Schickler

in Racial Realignment: The Transformation of American Liberalism, 1932-1965

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780691153872
eISBN:
9781400880973
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691153872.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter analyzes the battle for control of the national Democratic Party as the players empowered by the coalitional and ideological changes after 1937 battled not just against southern ... More


Leader Effects and Party Characteristics

Bernt Aardal and Tanja Binder

in Political Leaders and Democratic Elections

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780199259007
eISBN:
9780191803406
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199259007.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter examines variations across parties to determine if there are some types of parties where leader effects are more apparent. It is shown that leadership evaluation has an effect on the ... More


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