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Party Government, Patronage, and Party Decline in Western Europe

Jean Blondel

in Political Parties: Old Concepts and New Challenges

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199246748
eISBN:
9780191599385
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246742.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Blondel approaches the question of party decline by asking to what extent it is a product of semi‐legal or illegal practices adopted by parties. At first glance it seems that the answer should be ... More


The British Prime Minister: The British Prime Minister: Much More Than ‘First Among Equals’

Richard Heffernan and Paul Webb

in The Presidentialization of Politics: A Comparative Study of Modern Democracies

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780199252015
eISBN:
9780191602375
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199252017.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Reviews a wide range of evidence to demonstrate three things. First, election campaigns have become more candidate-centered, with parties offering leaders greater prominence in their election ... More


Building Party Government: Political Parties in the Czech and Slovak Republics

Petr Kopecký

in Party Politics in New Democracies

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199289653
eISBN:
9780191710964
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199289653.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter examines the rise of political parties in the Czech and Slovak Republics. Topics discussed include party systems, party legitimacy, party organizational strength, and the role of the ... More


A Presidentializing Party State? A Presidentializing Party State? The Federal Republic of Germany

Thomas Poguntke

in The Presidentialization of Politics: A Comparative Study of Modern Democracies

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780199252015
eISBN:
9780191602375
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199252017.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The political process of the Federal Republic has always been characterized by two seemingly contradictory attributes. Germany was said to be a Chancellor democracy and party state at the same time. ... More


Ministerial Responsibility

R. A. W. Rhodes, John Wanna, and Patrick Weller

in Comparing Westminster

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199563494
eISBN:
9780191722721
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199563494.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, UK Politics

This chapter examines how elite political actors are held to account. It examines collective responsibility, individual ministerial responsibility, and their personal accountability for actions not ... More


Party Patronage and Party Government in European Democracies

Petr Kopecký, Peter Mair, and Maria Spirova (eds)

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199599370
eISBN:
9780191741517
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199599370.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This volume brings together insights from the worlds of party politics and public administration in order to analyse the role of political parties in public appointments across contemporary Europe. ... More


Institutional Explanations for Political Support

Pippa Norris

in Critical Citizens: Global Support for Democratic Government

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198295686
eISBN:
9780191600043
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198295685.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Substantial cross‐national variations have been demonstrated in political support/institutional confidence; the aim of this chapter is to investigate why these major differences between countries ... More


Appointments to Public Administration in Norway: No Room for Political Parties?

Elin Haugsgjerd Allern

in Party Patronage and Party Government in European Democracies

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199599370
eISBN:
9780191741517
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199599370.003.0014
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter systematically explores the issue of party patronage in Norway—a country where the role of parties, including partisanship, in connection with public appointments is traditionally ... More


Party Patronage in Denmark: The Merit State with Politics ‘On the Side’

Carina Bischoff

in Party Patronage and Party Government in European Democracies

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199599370
eISBN:
9780191741517
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199599370.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter investigates whether public appointments in Denmark really are as untainted by party politics as its reputation suggests. The evidence presented indicates that merit-based appointments ... More


Party Supremacy and Hong Kong

Christine Loh

in Underground Front: The Chinese Communist Party in Hong Kong

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9789888028948
eISBN:
9789882207653
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888028948.003.0010
Subject:
History, Asian History

The key regime value of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) that Hong Kong has to contend with is the supremacy of the party. In order to ensure the party's leadership in government, the CCP has a ... More


Economic crisis and political cold war, 1949–57

J. H. Whyte

in A New History of Ireland Volume VII: Ireland 1921-84

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198217527
eISBN:
9780191678240
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198217527.003.0010
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

In the Republic of Ireland, the years covered by this chapter were, by Irish standards, ones of exceptional political instability. There were three changes of government, and three general elections, ... More


The Semi-Democratic Regime, 1929–1932: Crisis and Breakdown

Harukata Takenaka

in Failed Democratization in Prewar Japan: Breakdown of a Hybrid Regime

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780804763417
eISBN:
9780804790741
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804763417.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter demonstrates that between 1929 and 1932, under the Hamaguchi, the Second Wakatsuki, and the Inukai cabinets, the balance of power between the military and the party government shifted so ... More


The Problem

Richard S. Katz and Peter Mair

in Democracy and the Cartelization of Political Parties

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
July 2018
ISBN:
9780199586011
eISBN:
9780191866043
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199586011.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Democratization

Most conventional conceptions of what democracy is and of how it should be organized imply particular characteristics and functions for parties and party systems, and particular kinds of ... More


The Semi-Democratic Regime, 1926–1929: The Rise of the Military and the Decline of Party Government

Harukata Takenaka

in Failed Democratization in Prewar Japan: Breakdown of a Hybrid Regime

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780804763417
eISBN:
9780804790741
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804763417.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter demonstrates how the semi-democratic regime gradually weakened between 1926 and 1929 under the First Wakatsuki cabinet and the Tanaka cabinet. The shift in the balance of power was ... More


Parties and Representative Government

Russell J. Dalton, David M. Farrell, and Ian McAllister

in Political Parties and Democratic Linkage: How Parties Organize Democracy

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
February 2015
ISBN:
9780199599356
eISBN:
9780191803550
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199599356.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter begins by setting out the two motivations in writing this volume. The first is the availability of new research resources that allow the systematic study of the party government model in ... More


Political Parties and Democratic Linkage: How Parties Organize Democracy

Russell J. Dalton, David M. Farrell, and Ian McAllister

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
February 2015
ISBN:
9780199599356
eISBN:
9780191803550
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199599356.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Is the party over? Parties are the central institutions of representative democracy, but critics increasingly claim that parties are failing to perform their democratic functions. This book assembles ... More


Policymaking in Red and Blue

Matt Grossmann and David A. Hopkins

in Asymmetric Politics: Ideological Republicans and Group Interest Democrats

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780190626594
eISBN:
9780190630560
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190626594.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

We examine party asymmetry in government, finding that Democratic officials treat the policymaking process as an attempt to address a catalog of social problems requiring government action, whereas ... More


The Semi-Democratic Regime, 1918–1926: Containment of the Military

Harukata Takenaka

in Failed Democratization in Prewar Japan: Breakdown of a Hybrid Regime

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780804763417
eISBN:
9780804790741
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804763417.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter considers the relationship between the party government and the military from 1918 to 1926. It demonstrates that the party government did not face serious threats from the military; ... More


Catch-22: Cloture, Energy Policy, and the Limits of Conditional Party Government

Bruce I. Oppenheimer and Marc J. Hetherington

in Why Not Parties?: Party Effects in the United States Senate

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226534879
eISBN:
9780226534947
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226534947.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter analyzes and contrasts the congressional struggle over energy legislation in the 1970s with the one of 2001–5. In doing so, it serves as a vehicle for evaluating the impact of changes ... More


Party Policies and Policy Outputs

Russell J. Dalton, David M. Farrell, and Ian McAllister

in Political Parties and Democratic Linkage: How Parties Organize Democracy

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
February 2015
ISBN:
9780199599356
eISBN:
9780191803550
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199599356.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter draws on OECD data to examine how the constellation of parties in office can impact on the policy outputs of the government. It first describes how the party government model leads to ... More


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