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Parties in Legislatures:: Two Competing Explanations

Shaun Bowler

in Parties Without Partisans: Political Change in Advanced Industrial Democracies

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199253098
eISBN:
9780191599026
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199253099.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Assesses the degree to which parties still structure the legislative process. Party cohesion and party dominance within legislatures has usually been grounded in one of two explanations. One ... More


Perceived Preference Coherence in Legislative Politics

Nils Ringe

in Who Decides, and How?: Preferences, Uncertainty, and Policy Choice in the European Parliament

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199572557
eISBN:
9780191722431
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199572557.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, European Union

The concept of perceived preference coherence is discussed in more detail in Chapter 2, which outlines how perceived preference coherence helps legislators link their preferences concerning political ... More


Committees, Parties, and Voting in the European Parliament

Nils Ringe

in Who Decides, and How?: Preferences, Uncertainty, and Policy Choice in the European Parliament

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199572557
eISBN:
9780191722431
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199572557.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, European Union

Chapter 3 demonstrates empirically how individual MEPs make decisions, how these decisions are aggregated and, by extension, how EP party group cohesion comes about. It presents analyses of EP voting ... More


Australia: Party Politicians as a Political Class

Ian Mcallister

in The Political Class in Advanced Democracies: A Comparative Handbook

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199260362
eISBN:
9780191601873
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199260362.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The hallmark of the Australian political system is strong party control. The consequences of party control and party discipline for the recruitment, composition, organization, and outlook of ... More


Canada: Political Careers between Executive Hopes and Constituency Work

David C. Docherty

in The Political Class in Advanced Democracies: A Comparative Handbook

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199260362
eISBN:
9780191601873
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199260362.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Members of the Canadian Parliament today are well-paid political professionals. Still, the most attractive goal of a national political career in Canada is a seat at the cabinet table, because only ... More


Who Decides, and How? Preferences, Uncertainty, and Policy Choice in the European Parliament

Nils Ringe

in Who Decides, and How?: Preferences, Uncertainty, and Policy Choice in the European Parliament

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199572557
eISBN:
9780191722431
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199572557.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, European Union

Chapter 1 briefly introduces the book's core argument. When MEPs make decisions on issues outside their areas of expertise, they adopt the positions of their expert colleagues in the responsible ... More


Denmark: Delegation and Accountability in Minority Situations

Erik Damgaard

in Delegation and Accountability in Parliamentary Democracies

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780198297840
eISBN:
9780191602016
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019829784X.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Denmark is close to an ideal-typical model of parliamentary democracy; however, the picture is complicated by at least five general features of Danish politics. First, Denmark is a small state, ... More


Agreement, Loyalty, and Discipline: A Sequential Approach to Party Unity

Cynthia M. C. van Vonno, Reut Itzkovitch Malka, Sam Depauw, Reuven Y. Hazan, and Rudy B. Andeweg

in Representing the People: A Survey Among Members of Statewide and Substate Parliaments

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
June 2014
ISBN:
9780199684533
eISBN:
9780191765025
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199684533.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

One of the important characteristics (or consequences) of partisan representation is party unity on recorded votes in parliament. This chapter explores how this unity can be achieved. It suggests a ... More


Reclaiming the Political Protection of Rights: A Defence of Australian Party Politics

Joo-Cheong Tham

in The Legal Protection of Human Rights: Sceptical Essays

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199606078
eISBN:
9780191729720
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199606078.003.0015
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration

It is generally assumed that political parties are ‘unprincipled’ and uninvolved in debate and dialogue, so that they cannot be a significant player in protecting human rights. Political parties are ... More


Party Loyalty and Discipline in the Individualistic Senate

Kathryn Pearson

in Why Not Parties?: Party Effects in the United States Senate

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226534879
eISBN:
9780226534947
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226534947.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter explores how senators have increased their party loyalty in their roll-call voting and with their fundraising efforts to help their party's candidates. It analyzes Senate leaders' ... More


Central Office Involvement in Colonial Policy

PHILIP MURPHY

in Party Politics and Decolonization: The Conservative Party and British Colonial Policy in Tropical Africa 1951-1964

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198205050
eISBN:
9780191676475
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198205050.003.0006
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, Political History

This chapter considers the ways in which the Conservative Party organization attempted to influence reactions to government policy in colonial Africa, and in a more peripheral way, how it helped to ... More


Internal supply side: strategy, organization, role of paramilitaries and international cooperation

Vera Stojarova

in The far right in the Balkans

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780719089732
eISBN:
9781781706473
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719089732.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter briefly outlines the strategies and tactics used by far right parties and focuses on party organizational structure and its relationship to the way parties perform at the polls. Strong, ... More


Managing the Parliamentary Labour Party

Lewis Minkin

in The Blair Supremacy: A study in the politics of Labour's party management

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780719073793
eISBN:
9781781706770
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719073793.003.0014
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Preserving discipline in the PLP was judged to be essential. This chapter examines the politics of management which is shown to involve much more than the whips role in relation to votes in the ... More


Why Not Parties?: Party Effects in the United States Senate

Nathan W. Monroe, Jason M. Roberts, and David W. Rohde (eds)

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226534879
eISBN:
9780226534947
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226534947.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

Recent research on the U.S. House of Representatives largely focuses on the effects of partisanship, but the strikingly less frequent studies of the Senate still tend to treat parties as secondary ... More


Dissent in the Parliamentary Labour Party, 1945–2015

Nick Randall

in Labour united and divided from the 1830s to the present

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9781526126320
eISBN:
9781526138798
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781526126320.003.0012
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics

This chapter analyses dissent within the Parliamentary Labour Party (PLP) during the post-war period. It examines the frequency, depth and extent of parliamentary rebellions and the policy issues ... More


Associative Obligations

Jonathan White and Lea Ypi

in The Meaning of Partisanship

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780199684175
eISBN:
9780191764721
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199684175.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

By entering into relations of association in this way, partisans acquire a distinct set of mutual obligations. The chapter begins with an analysis of why partisanship without obligations is ... More


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