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The Distribution of Power

André Béteille

in Caste, Class and Power: Changing Patterns of Stratification in a Tanjore Village

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198077435
eISBN:
9780199081080
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198077435.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility

This chapter describes how political power is distributed in Sripuram. It focuses on its relation to social stratification. Their relations to group structures such as panchayats, parties, and local ... More


Continuing Reforms in the Era of Coalition Politics

Suresh D. Tendulkar and T.A. Bhavani

in Understanding Reforms: Post-1991 India

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198085584
eISBN:
9780199082087
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198085584.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter addresses some speculative suggestions about the sustainability and ownership of reforms. The critical role of the emergence of regional parties in national politics with neutral ... More


Stalin's Last Struggle

Yoram Gorlizki and Oleg V. Khlevniuk

in Cold Peace: Stalin and the Soviet Ruling Circle, 1945–1953

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195165814
eISBN:
9780199788811
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195165814.003.0008
Subject:
History, World Modern History

This chapter shows how, despite his frailties, Stalin used the XIX Party Congress as a means of exercising his dominance over the party by, among other things, restructuring “offices” and reassigning ... More


The Soviet Elite from Lenin to Gorbachev: The Central Committee and its Members 1917-1991

Evan Mawdsley and Stephen White

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198297383
eISBN:
9780191599842
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198297386.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Russian Politics

The USSR was dominated by its ruling Communist Party, and the party was in turn dominated by a political elite that was represented in its Central Committee. Nearly two thousand individuals were ... More


The Development Strategy after Independence

Suresh D. Tendulkar and T.A. Bhavani

in Understanding Reforms: Post-1991 India

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198085584
eISBN:
9780199082087
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198085584.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter describes the development strategy in the post-Independence era, and the ideology guiding it. . Idealistic political leadership of post-Independence India started a unique and ... More


The Party that didn’t Work: The Congress (I) in the Early 1980s

Diego Maiorano

in Autumn of the Matriarch: Indira Gandhi's Final Term in Office

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780190233068
eISBN:
9780190247416
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190233068.003.0002
Subject:
History, Asian History

The chapter starts with an account of the brief Janata Party government (1977-79) and shows how this changed Indian politics in several ways. It then presents an analysis of the 1980 elections in a ... More


Survival in the Midst of Decline: A Decade of Congress Rule in Maharashtra, 1999–2009

Suhas Palshikar, Rajeshwari Deshpande, and Nitin Birmal

in Party Competition in Indian States: Electoral Politics in Post-Congress Polity

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
June 2014
ISBN:
9780198099178
eISBN:
9780199082988
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198099178.003.0022
Subject:
Political Science, Indian Politics

Maharashtra was always known as a textbook example of Congress dominance. It was also one of the last states to have slipped out of the hands of the Congress party. Since 1999, two Congress parties, ... More


Expelling a Party Member 1

A.G. Noorani

in CONSTITUTIONAL QUESTIONS AND CITIZENS' RIGHTS: An Omnibus Comprising Constitutional Questions in India and Citizens' Rights, Judges and State Accountability

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780195678291
eISBN:
9780199080588
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195678291.003.0107
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This article analyzes the disciplinary proceedings by the Congress Party against Mr Arjun Singh in a manner that appeared arbitary. Article 27(g) of the Congress(I)'s constitution says that the ... More


Indira Gandhi: In Context and in Power

Granville Austin

in Working a Democratic Constitution: A History of the Indian Experience

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780195656107
eISBN:
9780199080397
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195656107.003.0009
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

After the death of Prime Minister Lal Bahadur Shastri, a new era marked by confrontation over institutional and personal power began with the arrival in the Prime Minister's office of Nehru's ... More


The Crisis of the Congress Party

B. R. Nanda

in In Gandhi’s Footsteps: The Life and Times of Jamnalal Bajaj

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780195663433
eISBN:
9780199081424
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195663433.003.0018
Subject:
History, Indian History

This chapter discusses the crisis the Congress Party faced during the 1930s. It first looks at Gandhi’s decision to retire from politics in 1934, which greatly affected the Indian National Congress. ... More


Indira Gandhi Defeated—janata Forms a Government

Granville Austin

in Working a Democratic Constitution: A History of the Indian Experience

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780195656107
eISBN:
9780199080397
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195656107.003.0020
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

In Delhi, everyone knew that Indira Gandhi would be defeated in the elections called for March 1977 and that her son, his coterie, and his bullies would go with her. Their own feelings told them so ... More


The Congress(I)'s Constitution

A.G. Noorani

in CONSTITUTIONAL QUESTIONS AND CITIZENS' RIGHTS: An Omnibus Comprising Constitutional Questions in India and Citizens' Rights, Judges and State Accountability

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780195678291
eISBN:
9780199080588
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195678291.003.0105
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

In 1993, the Congress (I) Working Committee (CWC) authorised its president, P. V. Narasimha Rao, to not only nominate the entire Parliamentary Board but also a Board to choose the party's candidates ... More


The Roots of the Broader Indian Left (1934–1977)

Sanjay Ruparelia

in Divided We Govern: Coalition Politics in Modern India

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780190264918
eISBN:
9780190492175
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190264918.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Indian Politics

This chapter traces the conceptual roots, political arguments and historical evolution of the broader Indian left, from the Congress Socialist Party in the mid-1930s and the politics of Ram Manohar ... More


The Party Organization and Its Parliamentary Party 1

A.G. Noorani

in CONSTITUTIONAL QUESTIONS AND CITIZENS' RIGHTS: An Omnibus Comprising Constitutional Questions in India and Citizens' Rights, Judges and State Accountability

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780195678291
eISBN:
9780199080588
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195678291.003.0106
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

On 15 October 1937, M. A. Jinnah delivered his presidential address to the Muslim League calling the Congress Party's High in Command as a 'Fascist Grand Council'. Professor R. Coupland in his ... More


Introduction

A.G. Noorani

in Article 370: A Constitutional History of Jammu and Kashmir

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198074083
eISBN:
9780199080786
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198074083.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Indian Politics

Article 370 of the Constitution of India relating to the State of Jammu and Kashmir is now over sixty years old. The Constitution came into force on 26 January 1950 and with it, this unique ... More


Communal Award and After

Jagannath Prasad Misra

in Madan Mohan Malaviya and the Indian Freedom Movement

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
April 2016
ISBN:
9780199463756
eISBN:
9780199086405
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199463756.003.0010
Subject:
History, Indian History

This chapter examines Madan Mohan Malaviya’s disagreement with the Indian National Congress over the Communal Award. Discussions with Congress leaders in the early months of 1934 convinced Mahatma ... More


Indian Politics and Society in the 1970s

Diego Maiorano

in Autumn of the Matriarch: Indira Gandhi's Final Term in Office

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780190233068
eISBN:
9780190247416
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190233068.003.0001
Subject:
History, Asian History

The chapter is a historical introduction of the two main political processes that characterized the 1960s-1970s. This first one is the emergence of a demand for political representation among large ... More


Statehood Without A Movement: Chhattisgarh

Louise Tillin

in Remapping India: New States and Their Political Origins

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780199336036
eISBN:
9780199388172
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199336036.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Indian Politics

Despite some of Chhattisgarh’s affinities with neighbouring Jharkhand in terms of its large adivasi population, its endowment with minerals and forests, and the nature of industrial development, the ... More


Elections and the Accord

Khushwant Singh

in A History of the Sikhs: Volume 2: 1839-2004

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780195673098
eISBN:
9780199080595
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195673098.003.0023
Subject:
Religion, Sikhism

This chapter discusses the general election of December 1984, which was connected to the assassination of Indira Gandhi a few months before. This election was fought by the Congress party, addressing ... More


New Delhi's Long Arm

Granville Austin

in Working a Democratic Constitution: A History of the Indian Experience

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780195656107
eISBN:
9780199080397
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195656107.003.0031
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

Central governments in all federations have means to make their will felt in the capitals of the country's constituent units. These were unusually extensive in India. This has been true because of at ... More


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