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Niche News: The Politics of News Choice

Natalie Jomini Stroud

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199755509
eISBN:
9780199897162
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199755509.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

Fox News, MSNBC, The New York Times, The Wall Street Journal, The Rush Limbaugh Show, National Public Radio—a list of available political media sources could continue without any apparent end. This ... More


Platform or Personality?: The Role of Party Leaders in Elections

Amanda Bittner

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199595365
eISBN:
9780191725593
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199595365.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Campaign organizers and the media appear to agree that voters' perceptions of party leaders have an important impact in elections: considerable effort is made to ensure that leaders look good, speak ... More


The Public, the President, and the War in Iraq

Gary C. Jacobson

in The Polarized Presidency of George W. Bush

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199217977
eISBN:
9780191711541
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199217977.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter reviews a selection of polling data on the president and the war to document the unprecedented partisan polarization in public attitudes these have jointly provoked, and to begin to ... More


Explaining Expenditure Outcomes

Francis G. Castles

in The Future of the Welfare State: Crisis Myths and Crisis Realities

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2004
ISBN:
9780199270170
eISBN:
9780191601514
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199270171.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

Uses statistical techniques to model the determinants of aggregate social expenditure change in 21 OECD countries over the period 1980 to 1998. The main focus is on testing hypotheses relating to the ... More


The United Kingdom: Plurality Rule Under Siege

Paul Mitchell

in The Politics of Electoral Systems

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199257560
eISBN:
9780191603280
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199257566.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

‘Times they are a-changing . . .’ is at the source of the Westminster model. Or are they? Electoral reformers are still trying to replace Britain’s single-member plurality electoral system with some ... More


Conclusion: the Partisan-Chetnik Conflict in Retrospect

Marko Attila Hoare

in Genocide and Resistance in Hitler’s Bosnia: The Partisans and the Chetniks, 1941–1943

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263808
eISBN:
9780191734458
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263808.003.0008
Subject:
History, European Modern History

The war of 1992–1995, which pitted supporters of a unified and multinational Bosnia-Hercegovina against supporters of a Great Serbia, was in a sense a rematch of the Partisan–Chetnik war of a ... More


Presidents with Prime Ministers: Do Direct Elections Matter?

Margit Tavits

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199553327
eISBN:
9780191721007
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199553327.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This book is about presidents in parliamentary systems. One commonly recurring political debate within parliamentary systems is over whether or not the public should directly elect the head of state. ... More


Introduction: Rationale, Questions, Methods

Margit Tavits

in Presidents with Prime Ministers: Do Direct Elections Matter?

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199553327
eISBN:
9780191721007
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199553327.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The Introduction discusses the practical, as well as theoretical, relevance of studying selection mechanisms for heads of state in parliamentary systems. It briefly reviews the relevant ... More


Differentiation in authority structures: state, nation, and democracy in Europe and America

Sergio Fabbrini

in Compound Democracies: Why the United States and Europe Are Becoming Similar

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199235612
eISBN:
9780191715686
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199235612.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter reconstructs the European and American patterns of state, nation, and democracy building to show the different authority structures that emerged in the 19th century — and thus the ... More


Different structuring of partisan politics in America and Europe: the role of parties in the political process

Sergio Fabbrini

in Compound Democracies: Why the United States and Europe Are Becoming Similar

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199235612
eISBN:
9780191715686
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199235612.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter discusses the different forms of structuring of partisan politics in America and the European nation-states. Regarding the party systems, American politics has been traditionally ... More


The Long and Tortuous Path to Military Amnesty and the Referendum in Uruguay, 1985–1989

Alexandra Barahona de Brito

in Human Rights and Democratization in Latin America: Uruguay and Chile

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198280385
eISBN:
9780191598852
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198280386.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

In this first chapter of Part III of the book (Truth and Justice under Successor Democratic Regimes), an examination is made of how the issues of truth and justice were dealt with under democratic ... More


The Dynamics of Party Identification

Harold D. Clarke, David Sanders, Marianne C. Stewart, and Paul Whiteley

in Political Choice in Britain

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2004
ISBN:
9780199244881
eISBN:
9780191601521
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019924488X.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics

Addresses important theoretical questions that arise from analyses in Chs 3 and 4 documenting that party identification is a powerful predictor of electoral preference. According to sociological ... More


Defining the Intervening and Explanatory Variables

Andrew Reynolds

in Electoral Systems and Democratization in Southern Africa

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198295105
eISBN:
9780191600128
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198295103.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This is the second of four chapters that discusses the theoretical underpinnings of the research on democratization in southern Africa that is described in the book, as well as providing qualitative ... More


Mixed Electoral Rules, Partisan Realignment, and Party System Change in Italy

Roberto D'Alimonte

in Mixed-Member Electoral Systems: The Best of Both Worlds?

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199257683
eISBN:
9780191600241
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019925768X.003.0016
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

When the new mixed‐member majoritarian (MMM) electoral system was introduced in the summer of 1993, Italian politics was characterized by a destructuring of the old party system with a dramatic ... More


Political Parties in Britain: Secular Decline or Adaptive Resilience?

Paul Webb

in Political Parties in Advanced Industrial Democracies

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199240562
eISBN:
9780191600296
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199240566.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

For thirty years following the end of the Second World War, it was orthodox to regard Britain as having one of the most stable and party‐oriented political systems in the Western world—parties ... More


The Colour Purple: The End of Predictable Politics in the Low Countries

Kris Deschouwer

in Political Parties in Advanced Industrial Democracies

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199240562
eISBN:
9780191600296
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199240566.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Belgium and the Netherlands are often taken and presented together as the ‘Low Countries’, and there are good reasons for treating the two countries as part of a single category, since both are ... More


Making Elections More Direct? Reducing the Role of Parties in Elections

Susan E. Scarrow

in Democracy Transformed?: Expanding Political Opportunities in Advanced Industrial Democracies

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199264995
eISBN:
9780191603259
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199264996.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter examines the role political parties play in elections in established representative democracies, and asks whether new institutions and procedures are reducing parties’ traditional role ... More


Individual Differences in Losers' Consent

Christopher J. Anderson, André Blais, Shaun Bowler, Todd Donovan, and Ola Listhaug

in Losers' Consent: Elections and Democratic Legitimacy

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199276387
eISBN:
9780191602719
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199276382.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

While winning and losing are experienced by individuals and create a lens through which citizens view politics, in this chapter we examine whether individuals’ political predispositions, measured by ... More


Building the Judiciary: Law, Courts, and the Politics of Institutional Development

Justin Crowe

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691152936
eISBN:
9781400842575
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691152936.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

How did the federal judiciary transcend early limitations to become a powerful institution of American governance? How did the Supreme Court move from political irrelevance to political centrality? ... More


The Reputational Premium: A Theory of Party Identification and Policy Reasoning

Paul M. Sniderman and Edward H. Stiglitz

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691154145
eISBN:
9781400842551
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691154145.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This book presents a new theory of party identification, the central concept in the study of voting. Challenging the traditional idea that voters identify with a political party out of blind ... More


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