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Particulate matter

Helen H. Suh

in Exposure Assessment in Occupational and Environmental Epidemiology

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198528616
eISBN:
9780191723933
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528616.003.0014
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter provides a general introduction to the assessment of particulate matter exposures in environmental epidemiological studies. It discusses strategies and methods used, and various samplers ... More


Carbohydrates: Neutral and Minor Sugars

Thomas S. Bianchi and Elizabeth A. Canuel

in Chemical Biomarkers in Aquatic Ecosystems

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691134147
eISBN:
9781400839100
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691134147.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter covers carbohydrates, the most abundant class of biopolymers on Earth and significant components of water column particulate organic matter and dissolved organic matter in aquatic ... More


Geostatistical methods for mapping environmental exposures

N. Cressie

in Spatial Epidemiology: Methods and Applications

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198515326
eISBN:
9780191723667
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198515326.003.0010
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter discusses statistical methods for mapping environmental exposures. The chapter proceeds as follows. Section 10.2 presents a study of particulate matter to motivate the need to map ... More


Addressing environmental health issues

Luz Claudio, Anjali Garg, and Philip J. Landrigan

in Terrorism and Public Health: A balanced approach to strengthening systems and protecting people

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195325256
eISBN:
9780199864409
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195325256.003.0004
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter addresses environmental health issues related to the World Trade Center disaster, including asbestos, lead, particulate matter, polychlorinated biphenyls, and other hazards at the World ... More


Economic Costs of Air Pollution in Singapore

Euston Quah and Wai-Mun Chia

in The Globalization of Cost-Benefit Analysis in Environmental Policy

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199934386
eISBN:
9780199333028
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199934386.003.0012
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Cost-benefit analysis is an appropriate tool for accounting for the negative effects of air pollution on domestic populations and for expressing those costs in economic terms. This chapter assesses ... More


Air Pollution, Air Quality, and Climate Change

Alan H. Lockwood

in Heat Advisory: Protecting Health on a Warming Planet

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780262034876
eISBN:
9780262335737
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262034876.003.0007
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

The effects of climate change on air quality are difficult to model due to the large number of unpredictable variables. Hotter temperatures favor ozone production. Higher atmospheric water content ... More


Particular Particulates

Michael D. Stein and Sandro Galea

in Pained: Uncomfortable Conversations about the Public's Health

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
April 2020
ISBN:
9780197510384
eISBN:
9780197510414
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197510384.003.0050
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter addresses how racially or ethnically marginalized and poor communities in the United States are likelier to be situated near landfills and pollution-producing industrial sites than ... More


Air Pollution

Horacio Riojas-Rodríguez, Isabelle Romieu, and Mauricio Hernández-Ávila

in Occupational and Environmental Health

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
November 2017
ISBN:
9780190662677
eISBN:
9780190662707
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190662677.003.0018
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter describes the adverse effects of both outdoor air pollution and indoor air pollution. Various ambient air pollutants are described as well as their adverse health effects, including ... More


Urban Climate

Eberhard Parlow

in Urban Ecology: Patterns, Processes, and Applications

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199563562
eISBN:
9780191774713
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199563562.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

The urban climate is strongly modified by human activities. Most meteorological variables like temperature, heat stress, air pollution, and wind are influenced by human activity. First, the physical ... More


Soil Organic Matter and Nutrient Dynamics of Shortgrass Steppe Ecosystems

Ingrid C. Burke and Arvin R. Mosier

in Ecology of the Shortgrass Steppe: A Long-Term Perspective

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195135824
eISBN:
9780197561638
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195135824.003.0017
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Environmental Geography

Since the days of the IBP, there has been a strong emphasis on research about the biogeochemistry of shortgrass steppe ecosystems (e.g., Clark, 1977; Woodmansee, 1978). A major theme has been ... More


Coal: A Primer

Richard Revesz and Jack Lienke

in Struggling for Air: Power Plants and the "War on Coal"

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780190233112
eISBN:
9780197559536
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190233112.003.0004
Subject:
Environmental Science, Pollution and Threats to the Environment

This book chronicles almost five decades of efforts by the United States government to reduce the air pollution associated with burning coal, along with the often misleading political rhetoric ... More


More Than Skin Deep

David R. Dalton

in The Chemistry of Wine: From Blossom to Beverage and Beyond

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780190687199
eISBN:
9780197559802
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190687199.003.0027
Subject:
Chemistry, Organic Chemistry

The grape berry is composed of skin, flesh (pulp) and seeds. After destemming (Chapter 13), the grapes are sent on for crushing. On crushing, the thick walls of the skin, including the waxy ... More


Air Pollution and Control

Damilola S. Olawuyi

in Environmental Law in Arab States

Published in print:
2022
Published Online:
March 2022
ISBN:
9780192896186
eISBN:
9780191918650
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780192896186.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

The Arab region currently faces a worsening air pollution emergency. Due to the dry, arid, and desert-like conditions of the region, as well as a rise in industrialization, urbanization, construction ... More


The Future of the Council on Environmental Quality and the Environmental Protection Agency: 2015–2035

James K. Conant and Peter J. Balint

in The Life Cycles of the Council on Environmental Quality and the Environmental Protection Agency: 1970 - 2035

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780190203702
eISBN:
9780197559499
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190203702.003.0010
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmentalist and Conservationist Organizations

In this chapter, we consider possible futures for the Council on Environmental Quality (CEQ) and the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) under several scenarios. Before beginning, we offer some ... More


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