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Melchisedec TÖrÖnen

in Union and Distinction in the Thought of St Maximus the Confessor

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199296118
eISBN:
9780191712258
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199296118.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

Describes Maximus' life and his place within the intellectual world of the Late Antiquity. It examines the logical tools Maximus makes use of in his theology, such as the Porphyrian Tree and the ... More


Ramsey's Problem and its Solution

E. J. Lowe

in The Four-Category Ontology: A Metaphysical Foundation for Natural Science

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199254392
eISBN:
9780191603600
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199254397.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

F. P. Ramsey’s objections to the universal/particular distinction, especially as advocated by Bertrand Russell, are examined in depth and rebutted. At the same time, certain important lessons are ... More


Essential Properties and Remote Contingencies

Penelope Mackie

in How Things Might Have Been: Individuals, Kinds, and Essential Properties

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199272204
eISBN:
9780191604034
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199272204.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Having rejected the standard views about the essential properties of ordinary individuals, this chapter confronts the question whether such individuals have any interesting essential properties at ... More


Excellence in Being for the Good

Robert Merrihew Adams

in A Theory of Virtue: Excellence in Being for the Good

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199207510
eISBN:
9780191708824
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199207510.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Virtue, comprehensively considered, is intrinsic excellence of persisting moral character, and excellence of moral character must be excellence in being for what is good. This chapter elaborates the ... More


Tropes: Properties, Objects, and Mental Causation

Douglas Ehring

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199608539
eISBN:
9780191729607
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199608539.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

The main goal of this work is to provide a metaphysical account of properties and of how they are related to concrete particulars. On the broadest level, this work is a defense of tropes and of trope ... More


Political Economy and the Politics of Virtue: US Public Philosophy at Century's End

William A. Galston

in Debating Democracy's Discontent: Essays on American Politics, Law, and Public Philosophy

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294962
eISBN:
9780191598708
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294964.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

A public philosophy is rooted in, and addressed to, a particular public in a specific historical situation. One of the most important tasks before us is to restore the public’s confidence in ... More


The Lion's Den at Foggy Bottom: Act I: The Seiple Years (1998–2000)

Thomas F. Farr

in World of Faith and Freedom: Why International Religious Liberty Is Vital to American National Security

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195179958
eISBN:
9780199869749
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179958.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Robert Seiple, a Republican evangelical, was chosen by President William Clinton to lead his administration's religious freedom initiative. Initially the administration hoped that Seiple's ... More


Proteins: Amino Acids and Amines

Thomas S. Bianchi and Elizabeth A. Canuel

in Chemical Biomarkers in Aquatic Ecosystems

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691134147
eISBN:
9781400839100
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691134147.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter discusses proteins, which make up approximately 50% of organic matter and contain about 85% of the organic nitrogen in marine organisms. Peptides and proteins comprise an important ... More


Notional Grammar and Names

John M. Anderson

in The Grammar of Names

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199297412
eISBN:
9780191711176
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199297412.003.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Theoretical Linguistics

Traditionally, names and nouns are distinguished as sub-classes of noun, ‘proper’ vs. ‘common’, but names are recognized as very distinctive in their semantics, necessarily involving fixed particular ... More


Believe and be Baptized

Philip N. Mulder

in A Controversial Spirit: Evangelical Awakenings in the South

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195131635
eISBN:
9780199834525
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195131630.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

A distinct Baptist piety grew through the efforts of aggressive Calvinists who compromised the various interests of Particular, Regular, General, and Separate Baptists invading the South. Individual ... More


The Centre of Catholicity: Roman Primacy

Avery Dulles

in The Catholicity of the Church

Published in print:
1987
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198266952
eISBN:
9780191600555
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198266952.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Theology

According to the Branch Theory, which was popular in nineteenth‐century England, the Catholic Church exists in three forms: Roman, Orthodox, and Anglican. In contrast to this view, the Catholic ... More


The Uses of Reason in Morality

John Kekes

in Enjoyment: The Moral Significance of Styles of Life

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199546923
eISBN:
9780191720109
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199546923.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter considers the distinctions between the practical and theoretical, particular and general, and permitting and requiring uses of reason. Moral reasons are shown to be typically practical, ... More


Meaning Relata

Jonardon Ganeri

in Semantic Powers: Meaning and the Means of Knowing in Classical Indian Philosophy

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198237884
eISBN:
9780191679544
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198237884.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

The realist theory of meaning states that the meaning of an expression is the external object for which it stands. Some form of the realist theory has a good claim to be our pre-theoretical, or ... More


Roland Barthes at the Collège de France

Lucy O'Meara

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9781846318436
eISBN:
9781846317866
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/UPO9781846317866
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

This book looks at the four lecture courses given by Roland Barthes in Paris between 1977 and 1980. It brings together all the strands of Barthes' activity as writer, teacher and public intellectual. ... More


The Legal Boundary Between the Garden and the Wilderness: Legislation or the Free Exercise Clause?

Catharine Cookson

in Regulating Religion: The Courts and the Free Exercise Clause

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195129441
eISBN:
9780199834105
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019512944X.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Examines the various legal standards, rules, or tests that have been used by the U.S. Supreme Court to resolve free exercise cases, and places these tests within the full factual and legal contexts ... More


A Critique of the Court's Free Exercise Clause Jurisprudence in the U.S. Supreme Court Case of Employment Division v. Smith

Catharine Cookson

in Regulating Religion: The Courts and the Free Exercise Clause

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195129441
eISBN:
9780199834105
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019512944X.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

The 1990 case of Employment Division v. Smith was decided against the defendants, but when analyzed using casuistry it is found to be an easy case for upholding their free exercise right. The state ... More


Belief and Investigation in the Republic

Katja Maria Vogt

in Belief and Truth: A Skeptic Reading of Plato

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199916818
eISBN:
9780199980291
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199916818.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

In Plato's Republic, knowledge and doxa have their own respective domains: “what is” in the case of knowledge, and “what participates in what is and in what is not” in the case of doxa. This division ... More


The Status of Philosophical Problems

Peter Unger

in Philosophical Relativity

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195155532
eISBN:
9780199833818
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019515553X.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Examines a different objection against the relativity hypotheses, the objection from superficiality, which takes the relativity hypotheses to be leaving deep philosophical issues aside. A similar ... More


Between the Universal and the Particular

Troy Jollimore

in Love's Vision

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691148724
eISBN:
9781400838677
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691148724.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter argues that love lies somewhere between reason and unreason, just as it lies somewhere between the particular and the universal. It places a particular individual at the center of my ... More


General, Particular, and Poetic Justice (NE V)

Howard J. Curzer

in Aristotle and the Virtues

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199693726
eISBN:
9780191738890
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199693726.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Aristotle devotes one tenth of his Nicomachean Ethics to the virtue of justice. Yet although interest in Aristotle’s ethics, virtue ethics, and justice is on the rise, Aristotle’s account of the ... More


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