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Introduction to beam physics

J. B. Rosenzweig

in Fundamentals of Beam Physics

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198525547
eISBN:
9780191711725
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525547.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This chapter begins by introducing particle accelerators in their scientific and historical context. It reviews methods in Lagrangian and Hamiltonian dynamics as well as special relativity in a ... More


Experimental Set-Up

GÜNTHER DISSERTORI, IAN G. KNOWLES, and MICHAEL SCHMELLING

in Quantum Chromodynamics: High Energy Experiments and Theory

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199566419
eISBN:
9780191708060
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566419.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

Particle physics at high energies would be impossible without powerful accelerators and high-resolution detectors. This chapter discusses the basic technological and physical principles used for ... More


Stairway to Heaven

Gian Francesco Giudice

in A Zeptospace Odyssey: A Journey into the Physics of the LHC

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199581917
eISBN:
9780191723001
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199581917.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter discusses the reasons why fundamental physics needs to explore the world at small distances. Modern research has discovered that the physical laws of nature become progressively simpler ... More


The 1950s: Progress on All Fronts

Andrew Whitaker

in John Stewart Bell and Twentieth-Century Physics: Vision and Integrity

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780198742999
eISBN:
9780191802959
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198742999.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

In the 1950s, John Bell worked at the Atomic Energy Research Establishment at Harwell, at first on the theory of particle accelerators, and he was one of the pioneers of the idea of strong focussing. ... More


Introduction

James A. Clarke

in The Science and Technology of Undulators and Wigglers

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198508557
eISBN:
9780191708770
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198508557.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter introduces the subject of synchrotron radiation by explaining the history of particle accelerators and hence the development of these sources of intense light. An overview of the photon ... More


The Several Hundred GeV Accelerator, 1959–1963

in Fermilab: Physics, the Frontier, and Megascience

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226346236
eISBN:
9780226346250
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226346250.003.0003
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter discusses the history of Fermilab from 1959 to 1963. It suggests that Fermilab was inspired by the development of the alternating-gradient principle and by the fact discussions about ... More


The Super Collider Affair, 1982–1989

in Fermilab: Physics, the Frontier, and Megascience

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226346236
eISBN:
9780226346250
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226346250.003.0014
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter discusses Fermilab's Superconducting Super Collider (SSC) project. It suggests that the idea for the SSC started during the Cold War period from 1955 to 1975. When relations between ... More


The Berkeley Design, 1963–1965

in Fermilab: Physics, the Frontier, and Megascience

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226346236
eISBN:
9780226346250
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226346250.003.0004
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter discusses the history of the design proposal of the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory for the Fermilab. It describes the proposals formulated by Edward Lofgren and Edwin McMillan. ... More


Midwest Passage, 1965–1967

in Fermilab: Physics, the Frontier, and Megascience

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226346236
eISBN:
9780226346250
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226346250.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter focuses the controversy and cost issue during the period from 1965 to 1967 that gradually loosened Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory's control for the Fermilab project. It discusses ... More


Wilson's Vision

in Fermilab: Physics, the Frontier, and Megascience

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226346236
eISBN:
9780226346250
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226346250.003.0006
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter discusses Robert R. Wilson's vision for the National Accelerator Laboratory in Illinois. It explains that Wilson's aesthetics called for clean, bold, frugal, and functional components, ... More


Forces of the World Unite!

Nicholas Mee

in The Cosmic Mystery Tour

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780198831860
eISBN:
9780191869785
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198831860.003.0008
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology, History of Physics

The structure of matter and the forces that are important in particle physics are now understood in terms of the Standard Model, which is currently being tested at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC). ... More


Beyond the Horizon: The Energy Doubler, 1967–1978

in Fermilab: Physics, the Frontier, and Megascience

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226346236
eISBN:
9780226346250
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226346250.003.0009
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter discusses the history of the conceptualization and construction of the Energy Doubler at the National Accelerator Laboratory. Robert R. Wilson conceived a plan using the phenomenon of ... More


Introduction

in Fermilab: Physics, the Frontier, and Megascience

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226346236
eISBN:
9780226346250
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226346250.003.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This introductory chapter discusses the theme of this volume which is about the history of the Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (Fermilab), a particle accelerator laboratory in Illinois. This ... More


The Age of Innocence: Nuclear Physics between the First and Second World Wars

Roger H. Stuewer

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780198827870
eISBN:
9780191866586
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198827870.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics, Nuclear and Plasma Physics

Nuclear physics emerged as the dominant field in experimental and theoretical physics between 1919 and 1939, the two decades between the First and Second World Wars. Milestones were Ernest ... More


The Call of the Frontier

in Fermilab: Physics, the Frontier, and Megascience

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226346236
eISBN:
9780226346250
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226346250.003.0002
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter discusses the conception of the Fermilab particle accelerator laboratory in the context of the frontier rhetoric. It explains that during the 1960s heroic frontier imagery illuminated ... More


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