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The Crisis of the Nobility at the Twilight of the Monarchy*

Michel Figeac

in The Crisis of the Absolute Monarchy: France from Old Regime to Revolution

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780197265383
eISBN:
9780191760433
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197265383.003.0014
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History

The history of the French nobility has long been symptomatic with that of the Revolution, and this chapter takes a fresh look at the state of the second estate in the years preceding 1789. Confronted ... More


William ‘Bill’ Doyle and the Origins of the French Revolution

Tim Blanning

in The Crisis of the Absolute Monarchy: France from Old Regime to Revolution

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780197265383
eISBN:
9780191760433
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197265383.003.0016
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History

This chapter discusses Bill Doyle's contribution to the study of the origins of the French Revolution. It shows how his early work delivered a powerful critique of the dominant Marxist ... More


Louis XIV and the Parlements: The Assertion of Royal Authority

John J. Hurt

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719062353
eISBN:
9781781700372
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719062353.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History

This study examines the political and economic relationship between Louis XIV and the parlements of France, the parlement of Paris and all the provincial tribunals. It explains how the king managed ... More


Church and Society in Eighteenth-Century France Volume 2: The Religion of the People and the Politics of Religion

John McManners

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198270041
eISBN:
9780191600692
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198270046.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Church History

The second volume of this study of the relations between the Catholic Church and society in eighteenth‐century France covers the topics of popular religion; the clergy and morals; the Jansenist ... More


The Coronation: Reflections on the Allegiance of the Clergy

John McManners

in Church and Society in Eighteenth-Century France Volume 1: The Clerical Establishment and its Social Ramifications

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198270034
eISBN:
9780191600685
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198270038.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Church History

The coronation ceremony of Louis XVI in 1775, described in detail, illustrates the sacred character of the French monarchy and the interdependence of Church and State. The multitudinous official ... More


The Working of the Church–State Alliance

John McManners

in Church and Society in Eighteenth-Century France Volume 1: The Clerical Establishment and its Social Ramifications

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198270034
eISBN:
9780191600685
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198270038.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Church History

The balance of advantage in cooperation between church and state was shifting inexorably towards the secular power. The Gallican devotion to the monarchy ensured that clergy worked for the state ... More


The Appeal to a General Council

John McManners

in Church and Society in Eighteenth-Century France Volume 2: The Religion of the People and the Politics of Religion

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198270041
eISBN:
9780191600692
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198270046.003.0016
Subject:
Religion, Church History

Unigenitus caused uproar in France, especially in Paris, where it was viewed as the result of Jesuit conspiracy, standing for papal pretensions against the Gallican Church and ... More


From the Regent to Fleury

John McManners

in Church and Society in Eighteenth-Century France Volume 2: The Religion of the People and the Politics of Religion

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198270041
eISBN:
9780191600692
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198270046.003.0017
Subject:
Religion, Church History

By 1720, the government of the Regency, dominated by abbé Dubois, had adopted a repressive policy towards Jansenism and the appellants, a policy, which would be made even harsher under cardinal ... More


The Mid‐Century Crisis

John McManners

in Church and Society in Eighteenth-Century France Volume 2: The Religion of the People and the Politics of Religion

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198270041
eISBN:
9780191600692
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198270046.003.0020
Subject:
Religion, Church History

The Jansenist issue could have been settled by compromise and silence by mid‐century but for the policy of the denial of the sacraments to dying Jansenists introduced by Christophe de Beaumont, ... More


The Fall of the Jesuits

John McManners

in Church and Society in Eighteenth-Century France Volume 2: The Religion of the People and the Politics of Religion

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198270041
eISBN:
9780191600692
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198270046.003.0022
Subject:
Religion, Church History

The events leading to the expulsion of the Jesuits from France in 1765 took place against the background of a rising tide of public hostility to the Society of Jesus. Their traditional enemies within ... More


Towards a Grudging Toleration, 1774–1789

John McManners

in Church and Society in Eighteenth-Century France Volume 2: The Religion of the People and the Politics of Religion

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198270041
eISBN:
9780191600692
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198270046.003.0026
Subject:
Religion, Church History

By the beginning of Louis XVI's reign the Huguenots of the Desert had come to see themselves as loyal subjects of the French king, and many of the Catholic parish clergy acquiesced in a ‘patchwork ... More


The Twilight of Jansenism

John McManners

in Church and Society in Eighteenth-Century France Volume 2: The Religion of the People and the Politics of Religion

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198270041
eISBN:
9780191600692
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198270046.003.0027
Subject:
Religion, Church History

Jansenists were still excluded from the ministry of the Church by the necessity of having to sign the formulary accepting Unigenitus, but many clergy had been formed by a Jansenist‐inspired ... More


Aristocracy About 1760: The Constituted Bodies

R. R. Palmer

in The Age of the Democratic Revolution: A Political History of Europe and America, 1760-1800

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691161280
eISBN:
9781400850228
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691161280.003.0002
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century

This chapter presents a descriptive survey of the constituted bodies of the middle of the eighteenth century, with especial reference to their membership and recruitment. It covers the diets of ... More


The Cultural Origins of the French Revolution

T. C. W. BLANNING

in The Culture of Power and the Power of Culture: Old Regime Europe 1660–1789

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198227458
eISBN:
9780191678707
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198227458.003.0009
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History, Cultural History

This chapter begins by examining the recent origin of French musical genre, being ironically the creation of an Italian, Jean-Baptiste Lully né Giovanni Battista Lull. The genre did not die with the ... More


The Fall of Brienne

Nigel Aston

in The End of an Élite: The French Bishops and the Coming of the Revolution 1786-1790

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198202844
eISBN:
9780191675553
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198202844.003.0006
Subject:
History, European Modern History, History of Religion

Loménie de Brienne was preparing to abandon his old policy of co-operation with the Parlements and Estates wherever possible to curtail drastically the powers of the parlementaires to hold up ... More


Victory over the parlements, 1671–1675

John J. Hurt

in Louis XIV and the Parlements: The Assertion of Royal Authority

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719062353
eISBN:
9781781700372
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719062353.003.0003
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History

This chapter discusses the victory over the parlements during 1671–1675. In March 1671, the king issued two new edicts for the contrôle des exploits and the consignation des amendes. These edicts led ... More


The Separation of Powers

J. W. F. Allison

in A Continental Distinction in the Common Law: A Historical and Comparative Perspective on English Public Law

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198298656
eISBN:
9780191710735
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198298656.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Comparative Law, Legal History

Contradictory institutional demands for both judicial independence and expertise in administrative disputes are related to theoretical and everyday requirements of objectivity and subjectivity. This ... More


The Case of France, 1758–1764

Dale K. Van Kley

in Reform Catholicism and the International Suppression of the Jesuits in Enlightenment Europe

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780300228465
eISBN:
9780300235616
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300228465.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

This chapter explores how France, in acting against the Jesuits, displays the feature of Archetto-centered plotting and planning that was present in diverse degrees in all the suppressing states. The ... More


Introduction: sovereignty and registration of the laws

John J. Hurt

in Louis XIV and the Parlements: The Assertion of Royal Authority

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719062353
eISBN:
9781781700372
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719062353.003.0001
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History

Recent scholarship on the parlements has minimized their differences with royal administrations. According to the current view, any disputes involving the parlements were less than fundamental, ... More


Venal office and the royal breakthrough

John J. Hurt

in Louis XIV and the Parlements: The Assertion of Royal Authority

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719062353
eISBN:
9781781700372
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719062353.003.0004
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History

This chapter shows how Louis XIV overcame the parlements' defence of venality. He forced them to pay for repeated augmentations de gages and to accept the creation of as many offices as the king ... More


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