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Alzheimer’s disease, the parietal lobe, and topographical disorientation

Paul A. Dudchenko

in Why People Get Lost: The Psychology and Neuroscience of Spatial Cognition

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199210862
eISBN:
9780191594199
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199210862.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter considers spatial cognition in relation to three neurological conditions: Alzheimer's disease, parietal cortex dysfunction, and topographical disorientation. For Alzheimer's disease, one ... More


Application to Lesion Studies

Hanna Damasio

in Human Brain Anatomy in Computerized Images

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195165616
eISBN:
9780199864041
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195165616.003.0010
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques, Disorders of the Nervous System

This chapter gives a demonstration of how different incidences of scanning modify the anatomical appreciation of structural brain lesions. Examples include lesions in left parietal, left calcarine, ... More


Inferior Longitudinal Fasciculus

Jeremy D. Schmahmann and Deepak N. Pandya

in Fiber Pathways of the Brain

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195104233
eISBN:
9780199864294
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195104233.003.0018
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques, Disorders of the Nervous System

This chapter begins with a historical overview of two systems: the true inferior longitudinal fasciculus (ILF) and the sagittal stratum. It then discusses the results of the investigation of the ILF ... More


Oral movement control and speech

Doreen Kimura

in Neuromotor Mechanisms in Human Communication

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195054927
eISBN:
9780199872268
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195054927.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology

This chapter examines the co-occurrence of speech and nonspeech oral-movement defects, and the relation between oral-movement control and manual-movement control. The repetition of single syllables ... More


Do Perception and Action Result from Different Brain Circuits? The Three Visual Systems Hypothesis

Giacomo Rizzolatti and Vittorio Gallese

in 23 Problems in Systems Neuroscience

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195148220
eISBN:
9780199864676
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195148220.003.0018
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This chapter argues that the separation of the cortical visual processing into two streams is insufficient and, in the version where perception and action are kept separated, leads to a ... More


Functional Anatomy of Attention and Neglect: from neurons to networks

Marsel Mesulam

in The Cognitive and Neural Bases of Spatial Neglect

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198508335
eISBN:
9780191687327
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198508335.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology

This chapter attempts to illustrate that parietal lobe, frontal lobes, cingulate gyrus, striatum and thalamus constitute a large-scale network subserving spatial attention, that hemispatial neglect ... More


A spatiotemporal framework for disorders of visual attention

Masud Husain

in The Limits of Attention: Temporal Constraints in Human Information Processing

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198505150
eISBN:
9780191686818
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198505150.003.0012
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter is concerned with three disorders of visual perception — extinction, neglect, and dorsal simultanagnosia — that have traditionally been considered to be critically dependent upon damage ... More


Epilogue: the two visual systems revisited

PIERRE JACOB and MARC JEANNEROD

in Ways of Seeing: The scope and limits of visual cognition

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198509219
eISBN:
9780191584909
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198509219.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter discusses how the dualist model of human visual processing presented in the book departs from Milner and Goodale's (1995) dualist model. It first argues that the concept of action ... More


A Cognitive and Behavioral Neurological Approach to Aesthetics

Zachary A. Miller and Bruce L. Miller

in Aesthetic Science: Connecting Minds, Brains, and Experience

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199732142
eISBN:
9780199918485
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199732142.003.0079
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Philosophers have hypothesized that one of the defining characteristics of being human is the production and appreciation of art. Beginning in the early 20th century, observations following isolated ... More


Outputs of visual processing

Edmund T. Rolls

in Computational Neuroscience of Vision

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198524885
eISBN:
9780191689277
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524885.003.0012
Subject:
Psychology, Vision

This chapter examines the outputs of the ventral visual processing stream, from the inferior temporal visual cortical areas in particular. It explains that neuronal outputs provide a distributed ... More


The parietal cortex

Edmund T. Rolls

in Computational Neuroscience of Vision

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198524885
eISBN:
9780191689277
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524885.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Vision

This chapter outlines the contribution of the parietal cortex to spatial cognition. It discusses the structure and function in spatial attention and spatial representation of the parietal higher ... More


An Introduction to the Brain

Frederick L. Coolidge

in Evolutionary Neuropsychology: An Introduction to the Evolution of the Structures and Functions of the Human Brain

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780190940942
eISBN:
9780190940973
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190940942.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Neuropsychology

This chapter emphasizes that human brains are the most complicated animate or inanimate system in the universe. It begins with a discussion of the definition of life and consciousness and the ... More


The Parietal Lobes

Frederick L. Coolidge

in Evolutionary Neuropsychology: An Introduction to the Evolution of the Structures and Functions of the Human Brain

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780190940942
eISBN:
9780190940973
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190940942.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Neuropsychology

This chapter discusses the parietal lobes, whose primary function is to gather and integrate sensory information to aid the motor cortex in appropriate movements. Damage to the parietal regions in ... More


Conscious visual representations built from multiple binding processes: evidence from neuropsychology

Glyn W. Humphreys

in The Unity of Consciousness: Binding, Integration, and Dissociation

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198508571
eISBN:
9780191687358
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198508571.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter reviews neuropsychological evidence, from patients with selective brain lesions, indicating that there can be several kinds of binding in vision. Damage to early processes within the ... More


Background on the Problem: Genes, Brains, and the Hallmark Spatial Profile

Barbara Landau and James E. Hoffman

in Spatial Representation: From Gene to Mind

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780195385373
eISBN:
9780199979189
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195385373.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Models and Architectures

This chapter provides background on the genetic profile of people with WS, followed by a review of what is known about the possible structural and functional brain bases for the spatial deficit. ... More


Objects in Places

Barbara Landau and James E. Hoffman

in Spatial Representation: From Gene to Mind

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780195385373
eISBN:
9780199979189
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195385373.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Models and Architectures

This chapter examines the breadth of the spatial deficit by exploring a range of spatial functions that are known to engage the parietal areas of the brain among normal adults. These functions ... More


Communicative gestures: Pantomime of tool use

in Apraxia: The Cognitive side of motor control

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199591510
eISBN:
9780191756344
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199591510.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

In right-handed patients defective pantomime is strictly bound to left-hemisphere damage and is always associated with aphasia. Conversely, there are patients with aphasia and intact pantomime, but ... More


Homo Habilis: A Smarter Self

E. Fuller Torrey

in Evolving Brains, Emerging Gods: Early Humans and the Origins of Religion

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780231183369
eISBN:
9780231544863
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231183369.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Neurobiology

This chapter describes Homo habilis and its lifestyle. It clearly was smarter that the hominins that had preceded it, and also had a larger brain. The brain of Homo habilis is then described in ... More


Apraxia: The Cognitive side of motor control

Georg Goldenberg

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199591510
eISBN:
9780191756344
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199591510.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

The concept of apraxia was shaped by the German psychiatrist Hugo Liepmann some 100 years ago. He suggested that fibers connecting posterior brain regions to the motor cortex are the anatomical ... More


Navigation in neglect patients

Luigi Pizzamiglio, Giuseppe Iaria, Alain Berthoz, Gaspare Galati, and Cecilia Guariglia

in The Cognitive and Neural Bases of Spatial Neglect

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198508335
eISBN:
9780191687327
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198508335.003.0016
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology

This chapter reviews the ability of neglect patients to navigate in three-dimensional space. It specifically addresses two questions about different navigational systems and about the nature of ... More


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