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Association Pathways of the Prefrontal Cortex and Functional Observations

Michael Petrides and Deepak N. Pandya

in Principles of Frontal Lobe Function

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195134971
eISBN:
9780199864157
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195134971.003.0003
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This chapter focuses on the association pathways linking post-Rolandic cortical areas with particular prefrontal cortical regions, including comments on their possible functional significance. It ... More


 Exploring the Roles of the Frontal, Temporal, and Parietal Lobes in Visual Categorization

David J. Freedman

in Neuroscience of Rule-Guided Behavior

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195314274
eISBN:
9780199786695
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195314274.003.0021
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

How does the brain recognize the meaning of sensory stimuli? Through experience with the world, individuals easily learn to group stimuli into meaningful categories, such as “chair,” “table,” and ... More


BCIs That Use Signals Recorded in Parietal or Premotor Cortex

Hansjörg Scherberger

in Brain–Computer Interfaces: Principles and Practice

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195388855
eISBN:
9780199932689
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195388855.003.0017
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques

This chapter reviews the roles of the parietal and premotor cortices in motor planning and discusses brain-computer interface (BCI) studies that have focused on these brain areas. BCIs based on ... More


Vernon B. Mountcastle

Larry R. Squire

in The History of Neuroscience in Autobiography Volume 6

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195380101
eISBN:
9780199864362
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195380101.003.0010
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience

This chapter presents an autobiography of Vernon B. Mountcastle. Mountcastle discovered the columnar organization of cerebral cortex. He pioneered the neurophysiological study of primary sensory ... More


 Task‐Switching in Human and Nonhuman Primates: Understanding Rule Encoding and Control from Behavior to Single Neurons

Gijsbert Stoet and Lawrence Snyder

in Neuroscience of Rule-Guided Behavior

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195314274
eISBN:
9780199786695
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195314274.003.0014
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

Task‐switching paradigms are ideal for studying how primates implement and apply rules. This chapter summarizes a large body of work conducted on the comparative primatology and neurophysiology of ... More


The manual-foraging memory system of early primates

Elisabeth A. Murray, Steven P. Wise, and Kim S. Graham

in The Evolution of Memory Systems

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780199686438
eISBN:
9780191766312
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199686438.003.0006
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Development

As early primates adapted to a fine-branch niche, new premotor and posterior parietal areas stored memories about how to reach toward, grasp, and manipulate objects, including foods and branches ... More


 Time Course of Executive Processes: Data from the Event‐Related Optical Signal

Gabriele Gratton, Kathy A. Low, and Monica Fabiani

in Neuroscience of Rule-Guided Behavior

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195314274
eISBN:
9780199786695
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195314274.003.0012
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter discusses a series of experiments in which a pre‐cue signals which of several dimensions of an upcoming stimulus is relevant on a particular trial. The event‐related optical signal is ... More


Neglect in Monkeys: effect of permanent and reversible lesions

Claire Wardak, Etienne Olivier, and Jean-René Duhamel

in The Cognitive and Neural Bases of Spatial Neglect

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198508335
eISBN:
9780191687327
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198508335.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology

This chapter outlines results from permanent and reversible lesion experiments in monkeys. It also describes these in the light of current knowledge of the anatomical and functional organization of ... More


Recognizing the Sensory Consequences of One’s Own Actions and Delusions of Control

SARAH-JAYNE BLAKEMORE

in The Lost Self: Pathologies of the Brain and Identity

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195173413
eISBN:
9780199865758
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195173413.003.0012
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This chapter examines schizophrenia and agency. In schizophrenic patients there is a tendency to misattribute behaviors initiated by the self to an external agent. The chapter describes experimental ... More


The neurobehavioral analysis of visuospatial attention in the rat

Verity J. Brown

in The Cognitive and Neural Bases of Spatial Neglect

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198508335
eISBN:
9780191687327
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198508335.003.0017
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology

This chapter addresses ways in which neglect and visuospatial processing are measured in the rat and what can be learned from studies in rats. It discusses the functions of parietal cortex of the ... More


Dorsal prefrontal cortex: generating goals based on recent events

Richard E. Passingham and Steven P. Wise

in The Neurobiology of the Prefrontal Cortex: Anatomy, Evolution, and the Origin of Insight

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199552917
eISBN:
9780191741807
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199552917.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology, Neuropsychology

This chapter examines the role of the dorsal prefrontal (PF) cortex in the generation of goals based on timing, order, and spatial contexts. It explains the connection between the dorsal PF cortex ... More


Brain: The neuroconstructivist approach

Annette Karmiloff-Smith

in Neurodevelopmental Disorders Across the Lifespan: A neuroconstructivist approach

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199594818
eISBN:
9780191738166
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199594818.003.0024
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter examines how the Williams syndrome (WS) brain in particular and atypically developing brains in general differ from the typical brain in terms of structure, function, physiology, and ... More


The Sense of Agency, Lost and Found: Experience and Thought in Schizophrenic Delusion

Philip Gerrans

in The Measure of Madness: Philosophy of Mind, Cognitive Neuroscience, and Delusional Thought

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780262027557
eISBN:
9780262320979
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027557.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter focuses on two typical symptoms of schizophrenic delusions: alien control and thought insertion. The phenomenology in question is loss of a “sense of agency” for voluntary movements, and ... More


The anatomy of the brain

Richard Passingham

in What is special about the human brain?

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199230136
eISBN:
9780191696428
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199230136.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

In general, an animal's brain size is in direct proportion to its body size, hence humans have bigger brains than other primates. The issue, however, is not the relativity of the brain sizes but how ... More


Multimodal Spatial Representations in the Primate Parietal Lobe

YALE E. COHEN and RICHARD A. ANDERSEN

in Crossmodal Space and Crossmodal Attention

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198524861
eISBN:
9780191689260
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524861.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

The posterior parietal cortex (PPC) receives input from different sensory modalities and combines this information to form multimodal representations of extrapersonal space. Specifying the location ... More


Neural Mechanisms for Action Observation

Beatriz Calvo-Merino

in People Watching: Social, Perceptual, and Neurophysiological Studies of Body Perception

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780195393705
eISBN:
9780199979271
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393705.003.0016
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

The discovery of mirror neurons in the macaque monkey, or neurons in the premotor cortex that respond during the execution and perception of motor acts, established the first neurophysiological ... More


Reasoning and the Brain

Markus Knauff

in Space to Reason: A Spatial Theory of Human Thought

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262018654
eISBN:
9780262313643
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262018654.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter presents studies investigating how the human brain processes visual and spatial information during reasoning by using the functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) technique. It ... More


Numerical and Spatial Intuitions: A Role for Posterior Parietal Cortex?

Edward M. Hubbard, Manuela Piazza, Philippe Pinel, and Stanislas Dehaene

in Cognitive Biology: Evolutionary and Developmental Perspectives on Mind, Brain, and Behavior

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262012935
eISBN:
9780262255264
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262012935.003.0201
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter discusses the close connection between numbers and space. First, it demonstrates the automaticity of numerical-spatial interactions via the spatial numerical association of response ... More


The parietal cortex, spatial functions, and navigation

Edmund T. Rolls

in Brain Computations: What and How

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9780198871101
eISBN:
9780191914157
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198871101.003.0010
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic

The parietal areas that are involved in the dorsal visual stream are described in Chapter 3. This Chapter builds on that, and considers the functions of spatial representations in the parietal cortex ... More


From vision to action: how the primate brain encodes and remembers visuomotor space

Michael S.A. Graziano, Mary E. Wheeler, and Charles G. Gross

in Brain, Perception, Memory: Advances in Cognitive Neuroscience

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198524823
eISBN:
9780191689246
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524823.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter gives a fascinating account of recent developments in the study of ‘how the primate brain encodes and remembers visuomotor space’. Traditionally, the central sulcus was thought to be the ... More


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