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The importance of predation and parasitism

David Ward

in The Biology of Deserts

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780199211470
eISBN:
9780191728143
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199211470.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

A number of excellent experimental studies have demonstrated the importance of predation in structuring desert ecosystems, and how predation and competition interact to structure desert communities. ... More


Biological control

David Wainhouse

in Ecological Methods in Forest Pest Management

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198505648
eISBN:
9780191728150
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198505648.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

Biocontrol can be a useful tool in forest pest management. Using insect predators, parasitoids and disease-causing pathogens as examples, this chapter discusses the different methods of biocontrol. ... More


Coevolution, Cryptic Speciation, and the Persistence of Interactions

John N. Thompson

in Specialization, Speciation, and Radiation: The Evolutionary Biology of Herbivorous Insects

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520251328
eISBN:
9780520933828
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520251328.003.0016
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

An almost-inevitable consequence of the geographic mosaic of coevolution, at least in widespread species, is the formation of one or more highly divergent populations that have the potential to form ... More


Cophylogeny of Figs, Pollinators, Gallers, and Parasitoids

Summer I. Silvieus, Wendy L. Clement, and George D. Weiblen

in Specialization, Speciation, and Radiation: The Evolutionary Biology of Herbivorous Insects

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520251328
eISBN:
9780520933828
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520251328.003.0017
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Plant–insect cophylogeny has been investigated across a range of ecological conditions including herbivory, mutualism, and seed parasitism. It has been argued from phylogeny that non-pollinating seed ... More


Trade-Offs and Costs in Signalling

Martin Stevens

in Sensory Ecology, Behaviour, and Evolution

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199601776
eISBN:
9780191774782
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199601776.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

This chapter explains how signalling and communication carry significant costs and trade-offs. It discusses how signals often require substantial energetic and physiological investment; how signals ... More


Top-down pressures and indirect defences

Edward E. Farmer

in Leaf Defence

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780199671441
eISBN:
9780191779626
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199671441.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

Plant populations are remodelled after carnivore removal, and the animals that eat herbivores can play critical roles in the biology of the leaf. Of particular interest is the fact that plants often ... More


The Importance of Predation and Parasitism

David Ward

in The Biology of Deserts

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
October 2016
ISBN:
9780198732754
eISBN:
9780191796982
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198732754.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

A number of excellent experimental studies have demonstrated the importance of predation in structuring desert ecosystems, and how predation and competition interact to structure desert communities. ... More


Biological Control Strategies

Patricia J. Vittum

in Turfgrass Insects of the United States and Canada

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9781501747953
eISBN:
9781501747977
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501747953.003.0027
Subject:
Biology, Animal Behavior / Behavioral Ecology

This chapter assesses biological control strategies that can reduce turfgrass insect pest populations. Biological control refers to the suppression of pest populations through the activity of living ... More


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