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Rapid evolution and sexual signals

Marlene Zuk and Robin M. Tinghitella

in Sociobiology of Communication: an interdisciplinary perspective

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199216840
eISBN:
9780191712043
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199216840.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Surprisingly few examples of rapid evolutionary change in behavioral traits have been documented in nature, yet circumstances favoring rapid evolution in other traits apply equally well to behaviour, ... More


Landscape Effects on Community Structure and Dynamics

Kimberly A. With

in Essentials of Landscape Ecology

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780198838388
eISBN:
9780191874697
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198838388.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

Ecological communities consist of species that interact to varying degrees within the same geographical area, and so by definition exist within a landscape context. This chapter begins by reviewing ... More


Epidemiology

Paul Schmid-Hempel

in Evolutionary Parasitology: The Integrated Study of Infections, Immunology, Ecology, and Genetics

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199229482
eISBN:
9780191774744
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199229482.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter discusses ‘epidemiology’, which in medical literature refers to the field that seeks to identify key correlates for a particular disease. In this book, however, it is the study of ... More


Predicting the Outcome of Biological Control

Judith H. Myers

in Evolutionary Ecology: Concepts and Case Studies

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195131543
eISBN:
9780197561461
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195131543.003.0035
Subject:
Environmental Science, Applied Ecology

The movement of humans around the earth has been associated with an amazing redistribution of a variety of organisms to new continents and exotic islands. The natural biodiversity of native ... More


The Role of Insect Parasitoids in Population Cycles of the Spruce Needleminer in Denmark

Mikael Münster-Swendsen

in Population Cycles: The Case for Trophic Interactions

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195140989
eISBN:
9780197561751
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195140989.003.0006
Subject:
Environmental Science, Applied Ecology

The spruce needleminer, Epinotia tedella (Cl.) (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae), is a small and abundant moth associated with Norway spruce (Picea abies Karst.). Larvae mine spruce needles, usually those ... More


Predator–prey interactions

Michael B. Bonsall and Michael P. Hassell

in Theoretical Ecology: Principles and Applications

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199209989
eISBN:
9780191917370
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199209989.003.0008
Subject:
Environmental Science, Applied Ecology

Predation is a widespread population process that has evolved many times within the metazoa. It can affect the distribution, abundance, and dynamics of species in ... More


Plant population dynamics

Michael J. Crawley

in Theoretical Ecology: Principles and Applications

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199209989
eISBN:
9780191917370
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199209989.003.0009
Subject:
Environmental Science, Applied Ecology

Plants exhibit an extraordinary range of sizes and generation times, from single-celled algae with body sizes of the order of 5 mm and generation times of the order of ... More


Population Cycles of the Autumnal Moth in Fennoscandia

Miia Tanhuanpää and Kai Ruohomäki

in Population Cycles: The Case for Trophic Interactions

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195140989
eISBN:
9780197561751
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195140989.003.0012
Subject:
Environmental Science, Applied Ecology

Most species of insect herbivores are restricted to low densities, but some display large-scale density fluctuations, including periodic outbreaks (Faeth 1987, Mason 1987, Hanski 1990, Hunter ... More


Population Cycles Inferences from Experimental, Modeling, and Time Series Approaches

Xavier Lambin and Charles J. Krebs

in Population Cycles: The Case for Trophic Interactions

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195140989
eISBN:
9780197561751
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195140989.003.0013
Subject:
Environmental Science, Applied Ecology

Some of the most interesting debates in population ecology have taken place within the context of population cycles. Their study has been a fertile ground for the development of ideas on how ... More


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