Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation

You are looking at 1-20 of 26 items

  • Keywords: parallel processing x
Clear All Modify Search

View:

Spatial Discretizations

Gary A. Glatzmaier

in Introduction to Modeling Convection in Planets and Stars: Magnetic Field, Density Stratification, Rotation

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691141725
eISBN:
9781400848904
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691141725.003.0009
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter considers two ways of employing a spatial resolution that varies with position within a finite-difference method: using a nonuniform grid and mapping to a new coordinate variable. It ... More


Convergence of Limbic, Cognitive, and Motor Cortico-Striatal Circuits with Dopamine Pathways in Primate Brain

Suzanne N. Haber

in Dopamine Handbook

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195373035
eISBN:
9780199865543
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195373035.003.0004
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems, History of Neuroscience

This chapter first briefly reviews the basic circuitry that underlies parallel processing. It then considers the anatomical basis for integration across different corticobasal ganglia circuits (with ... More


Parallel Processes and Trauma-Organized Systems

Sandra L. Bloom and Brian Farragher

in Destroying Sanctuary: The Crisis in Human Service Delivery Systems

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195374803
eISBN:
9780199865420
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195374803.003.0005
Subject:
Social Work, Health and Mental Health

Organizations are living complex systems and as such are vulnerable to the impact of trauma and adversity. This chapter explores how groups respond to stress and suggests that as a result of acute ... More


Neurophysiology of Action Recognition

Emily D. Grossman

in Understanding Events: From Perception to Action

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195188370
eISBN:
9780199870462
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195188370.003.0015
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter discusses the neural correlates of human action perception, specifically the perception of bodies and body movements. It also provides a brief discussion on the likely connection of this ... More


Beyond the Literal

Sam Glucksberg

in Understanding Figurative Language: From Metaphor to Idioms

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195111095
eISBN:
9780199872107
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195111095.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter examines the assumption that literal meanings are functionally primary: are they, as opposed to figurative meanings, processed automatically, and are they processed more quickly? ... More


Getting beyond the serial/parallel debate in visual search: a hybrid approach

Cathleen M. Moore and Jeremy M. Wolfe

in The Limits of Attention: Temporal Constraints in Human Information Processing

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198505150
eISBN:
9780191686818
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198505150.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

The question of whether visual search involves at least one item-by-item serial processing stage or whether instead it is an entirely parallel process has been debated for decades. Recently, ... More


Meaning and the Mind

Sharon B. Berlin

in Clinical Social Work Practice: A Cognitive-Integrative Perspective

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195110371
eISBN:
9780199865680
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195110371.003.0002
Subject:
Social Work, Health and Mental Health

This chapter discusses prevailing biological and cognitive accounts of how the mind creates meaning. It starts with the notion that the mind is the work of a biological brain, provides a brief review ... More


Passive Parallel Automatic Minimalist Processing

Roger Ratcliff and Gail McKoon

in Better Than Conscious?: Decision Making, the Human Mind, and Implications For Institutions

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262195805
eISBN:
9780262272353
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262195805.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Research for which the idea that many basic cognitive processes can be described as fast, parallel, and automatic is reviewed. Memory retrieval/decision processes have often been ignored in the ... More


BACKGROUND TO ACTIVE VISION

John M. Findlay

in Active Vision: The Psychology of Looking and Seeing

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198524793
eISBN:
9780191711817
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524793.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter reviews the features of the visual and oculomotor systems that are particularly important for understanding active vision. First, the chapter describes the inhomogeneity of the visual ... More


Destroying Sanctuary: The Crisis in Human Service Delivery Systems

Sandra L. Bloom and Brian Farragher

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195374803
eISBN:
9780199865420
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195374803.001.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Health and Mental Health

This book describes what happens to human service delivery programs under the impact of unrelenting stress and multiple losses. Never perfect places of safety in the first place, many ... More


Nobuo Suga

Larry R. Squire

in The History of Neuroscience in Autobiography Volume 6

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195380101
eISBN:
9780199864362
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195380101.003.0013
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience

This chapter presents an autobiography of Nobuo Suga. Suga and his collaborators explored the neural mechanisms for parallel and hierarchical processing of biosonar information and the cortical maps ... More


Affective Engineering

Craig Delancey

in Passionate Engines: What Emotions Reveal about the Mind and Artificial Intelligence

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195142716
eISBN:
9780199833153
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195142713.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The notion of affective engineering – the attempt to engineer affective systems – is introduced. Shallow affective engineering is defined as the recreation of outward signs or single features of ... More


The Gamma Buzz: Gluing by Oscillations in the Waking Brain

Buzsáki György

in Rhythms of the Brain

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195301069
eISBN:
9780199863716
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195301069.003.0009
Subject:
Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic, Techniques

The most characteristic field pattern of the waking, activated neocortex is gamma oscillation. Its generation depends on the time decay of GABAA-receptor-mediated Laurent inhibition and/or shunting. ... More


Restoring Sanctuary: Organizations as Living, Complex Adaptive Social Systems

Sandra L. Bloom and Brian Farragher

in Destroying Sanctuary: The Crisis in Human Service Delivery Systems

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195374803
eISBN:
9780199865420
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195374803.003.0013
Subject:
Social Work, Health and Mental Health

This concluding chapter represents an ending and a beginning–the conclusion of this volume and an introduction to what will be more fully covered in a forthcoming volume - a parallel process of ... More


The Neural Architecture of Grammar

Stephen E. Nadeau

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262017022
eISBN:
9780262301619
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262017022.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics

Linguists have mapped the topography of language behavior in many languages in intricate detail. To understand how the brain supports language function, however, we must take into account the ... More


GENRE

Gregory Currie

in Arts and Minds

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199256280
eISBN:
9780191601712
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199256284.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics

Outlines a theory of genres: of what they are, what they do, and what they explain. The central notion is that of a genre‐for‐a‐community, which depends on psychological facts concerning tendencies ... More


“Forget About It”

Eelco Runia

in Moved by the Past: Discontinuity and Historical Mutation

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231168205
eISBN:
9780231537575
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231168205.003.0002
Subject:
History, Historiography

This chapter examines how “moved by the past” can be a form of regression, with particular emphasis on how we may act out a necrophylic relationship with a past that is more dead than we suspect—and ... More


Memory as a Constructive Process: The Parallel Distributed Processing Approach

James L. McClelland

in The Memory Process: Neuroscientific and Humanistic Perspectives

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014571
eISBN:
9780262289672
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014571.003.0007
Subject:
Neuroscience, Research and Theory

This chapter offers a scientific theory of the nature of human memory that fits naturally with the view of memory as a constructive process. This theory, the complementary learning systems theory, is ... More


Introduction

Stephen E. Nadeau

in The Neural Architecture of Grammar

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262017022
eISBN:
9780262301619
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262017022.003.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics

This introductory chapter sets out the book’s purpose, which is to develop a neurologically plausible theory of grammatic function. It then discusses parallel distributed processing (PDP), one of the ... More


Grammar: The Model

Stephen E. Nadeau

in The Neural Architecture of Grammar

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262017022
eISBN:
9780262301619
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262017022.003.0003
Subject:
Linguistics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics

This chapter extends the model presented in this book to incorporate a basis for grammatic function, and summarizes the broader model in quasi-mathematical terms in order to show, in compact form, ... More


View: