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Memory as a Constructive Process: The Parallel Distributed Processing Approach

James L. McClelland

in The Memory Process: Neuroscientific and Humanistic Perspectives

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014571
eISBN:
9780262289672
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014571.003.0007
Subject:
Neuroscience, Research and Theory

This chapter offers a scientific theory of the nature of human memory that fits naturally with the view of memory as a constructive process. This theory, the complementary learning systems theory, is ... More


Grammar: The Model

Stephen E. Nadeau

in The Neural Architecture of Grammar

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262017022
eISBN:
9780262301619
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262017022.003.0003
Subject:
Linguistics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics

This chapter extends the model presented in this book to incorporate a basis for grammatic function, and summarizes the broader model in quasi-mathematical terms in order to show, in compact form, ... More


The Neural Architecture of Grammar

Stephen E. Nadeau

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262017022
eISBN:
9780262301619
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262017022.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics

Linguists have mapped the topography of language behavior in many languages in intricate detail. To understand how the brain supports language function, however, we must take into account the ... More


Introduction

Stephen E. Nadeau

in The Neural Architecture of Grammar

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262017022
eISBN:
9780262301619
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262017022.003.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics

This introductory chapter sets out the book’s purpose, which is to develop a neurologically plausible theory of grammatic function. It then discusses parallel distributed processing (PDP), one of the ... More


A Parallel Distributed Processing Model of Language: Phonologic, Semantic, and Semantic–Phonologic (Lexical) Processing

Stephen E. Nadeau

in The Neural Architecture of Grammar

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262017022
eISBN:
9780262301619
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262017022.003.0002
Subject:
Linguistics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics

The Wernicke–Lichtheim (W–L) information-processing model of language function has played a dominant role in understanding aphasic syndromes, and has stood the test of time in defining the ... More


Attractor Basins: A Neural Basis for the Conformation of Knowledge: A Unified Account of Patterns of Linguistic Impairment, Magnitude Estimation, and Hemispatial Neglect

Stephen E. Nadeau

in The Roots of Cognitive Neuroscience: Behavioral Neurology and Neuropsychology

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780195395549
eISBN:
9780199369201
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195395549.003.0015
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Neuropsychology

Parallel distributed processing (PDP), the science of population-encoded representations, enables us to understand how neural networks can support cognitive processes. Auto-associator networks are ... More


Conclusion

Stephen E. Nadeau

in The Neural Architecture of Grammar

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262017022
eISBN:
9780262301619
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262017022.003.0005
Subject:
Linguistics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics

This chapter summarizes the main themes covered in the preceding chapters and offers suggestions for future language research. This book presented a broad overview of the major domains of knowledge ... More


Rules and Connections in Human Language

Alan Prince

in Language, Cognition, and Human Nature

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199328741
eISBN:
9780199369355
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199328741.003.0003
Subject:
Linguistics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics

Recently ‘connectionist’ or ‘parallel distributed processing’ (PDP) approaches to brain modeling have attracted an enormous amount of attention. These models are said to be faithful to ... More


Discovering Concepts in Structural Data

Diane J. Cook and Lawrence B. Holder

in Pattern Discovery in Biomolecular Data: Tools, Techniques, and Applications

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195119404
eISBN:
9780197561256
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195119404.003.0016
Subject:
Computer Science, Systems Analysis and Design

The large amount of data collected today is quickly overwhelming researchers’ abilities to interpret the data and discover interesting patterns. In response to this problem, a number of researchers ... More


How the brain learns about danger

Karim Nader and Josep LeDoux

in Brain, Perception, Memory: Advances in Cognitive Neuroscience

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198524823
eISBN:
9780191689246
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524823.003.0017
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter has a different view of the role of the amygdala in information storage from that in the previous chapter. This issue was addressed in a recent commentary and by the experimental studies ... More


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