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Exit from Early Retirement: Paradigm Shifts, Policy Reversals, and Reform Obstacles

Bernhard Ebbinghaus

in Reforming Early Retirement in Europe, Japan and the USA

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199286119
eISBN:
9780191604089
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199286116.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Governments have realized the negative impact of early retirement on social expenditures and labor costs, responding with a paradigm shift away from passive labor market policies. Governments seek to ... More


Conclusion: From Path Dependence to Path Departure?

Bernhard Ebbinghaus

in Reforming Early Retirement in Europe, Japan and the USA

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199286119
eISBN:
9780191604089
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199286116.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This concluding chapter summarizes the main findings of the book, evaluating the protection-oriented ‘pull’ and production-oriented ‘push’ approaches to explain the long-term development and ... More


Constructing the Modernist Paradigm and G. Wilson Knight's Spatial Hermeneutics

Hugh Grady

in The Modernist Shakespeare: Critical Texts in a Material World

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198183228
eISBN:
9780191673962
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198183228.003.0003
Subject:
Literature, Shakespeare Studies, Criticism/Theory

This chapter focuses on one of the seminal figures in the construction of a Modernist Shakespeare: G. Wilson Knight. It argues that Knight's criticism is one of the key places where the construction ... More


Kinship Foster Care: The New Child Placement Paradigm

Rebecca L. Hegar

in Kinship Foster Care: Policy, Practice, and Research

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195109405
eISBN:
9780199865789
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195109405.003.0014
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families

This chapter discusses the shifts in the dominant paradigm for child placement practice, with emphasis on the rise of kinship foster care. It analyzes the unintended and unforeseen consequences of ... More


Introduction

Bernard Cooke

in Power and the Spirit of God: Toward an Experience-Based Pneumatology

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780195174519
eISBN:
9780199835119
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195174518.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Theology

A paradigm shift has occurred in human knowing that places ‘power’ at the center of interpreting humans’ experience. This hermeneutic has found a distinctive expression in theological methodology ... More


A New Paradigm

Mark Robert Rank

in One Nation, Underprivileged: Why American Poverty Affects Us All

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195101683
eISBN:
9780199894048
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195101683.003.0007
Subject:
Social Work, Social Policy

The first step on the road to positive change is a national shift in how Americans think about poverty. This chapter begins by describing the major tenets of the old paradigm. Much of this will be ... More


Police systems, perspectives and contested paradigms

Auke van Dijk, Frank Hoogewoning, and Maurice Punch

in What Matters In Policing?: Change, values and leadership in turbulent times

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9781447326915
eISBN:
9781447326946
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447326915.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

A historical, comparative perspective can shed light on a number of questions: How have modern police systems, especially in the UK and Netherlands, developed? What types of police systems can be ... More


Buridan’s Life, Works, and Influence

Gyula Klima

in John Buridan

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195176223
eISBN:
9780199871957
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195176223.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Church History

The first chapter presents a brief summary of the little we know about Buridan’s life, and the somewhat more we know about his immediate historical influence. But this brief survey of known facts ... More


How the West overcomes crises, reduces risks, and copes with uncertainty

Josef W. Konvitz

in Cities and Crisis

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9781784992903
eISBN:
9781526103970
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781784992903.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

Paradigm shifts in economic governance have occurred at intervals of a century or more; we may be at a point of transition comparable to that of the early 20th century, a point of conjuncture between ... More


A Paradigm Shift in Classical Archaeology?

Anthony Snodgrass

in Archaeology and the Emergence of Greece

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780748623334
eISBN:
9780748653577
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748623334.003.0004
Subject:
Classical Studies, Archaeology: Classical

This chapter sets the recent and partial transformation in the content and practice of classical archaeology against the background of Thomas S. Kuhn's well-known work, The Structure of Scientific ... More


Introduction

Graham K. Wilson and Wyn Grant

in The Consequences of the Global Financial Crisis: The Rhetoric of Reform and Regulation

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199641987
eISBN:
9780191741586
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199641987.003.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Political Economy, Finance, Accounting, and Banking

In its early stages, the Global Financial Crisis (GFC) seemed to offer the prospect for a major shift in policy paradigms. One of the central issues in political science is when and under what ... More


Epilogue

General Sir Rupert Smith

in The Evolution of Operational Art: From Napoleon to the Present

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199599486
eISBN:
9780191595806
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199599486.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Political Theory

The Epilogue argues that ‘war amongst the people’ has replaced traditional industrial war, suggesting that the new paradigm is best characterized by an ebb and flow between confrontation and ... More


Aesthetics III. The Genealogy of Modern European Art Music

Karol Berger

in A Theory of Art

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195128604
eISBN:
9780199785803
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195128605.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics

Modern European art music is a social practice with internal aims on which its claim to relative autonomy rests (relative, because the contrast between autonomous and functional music, as well as the ... More


Culture, Intersectionality, and Interrelatedness of Forms of Violence: Considerations in the Study of Violence and Violence Prevention

Eugene Aisenberg, Gita Mehrotra, Amelia Gavin, and Jennifer Bowman

in Violence in Context: Current Evidence on Risk, Protection, and Prevention

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195369595
eISBN:
9780199865215
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195369595.003.0009
Subject:
Social Work, Crime and Justice

Previous chapters of the book have provided current findings on risk factors, protective factors, and outcomes of violence exposure in children. This chapter summarizes important findings on ... More


Paradigm Shifts in Security Strategy: Why Does It Take Disasters to Trigger Change?

Dominic D. P. Johnson and Elizabeth M. P. Madin

in Natural Security: A Darwinian Approach to a Dangerous World

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520253476
eISBN:
9780520934313
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520253476.003.0013
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter focuses on paradigm shifts in security strategy. It suggests that it takes disasters to trigger change because dangers that remain hypothetical fail to trigger appropriate sensory ... More


The Transition to a Green Economy

John A. Mathews

in Greening of Capitalism: How Asia Is Driving the Next Great Transformation

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780804791502
eISBN:
9780804793162
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804791502.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Part III draws the threads together to discuss the emergence of this new model of “green development”, or green growth capitalism. Chapter Seven is concerned with the process of transition itself, ... More


Psychopathology without Nosology: The Research Domain Criteria Project as Normal Science

Claire Pouncey

in Extraordinary Science and Psychiatry: Responses to the Crisis in Mental Health Research

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780262035484
eISBN:
9780262341752
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262035484.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Clinical Psychology

Although the National Institute of Mental Health characterizes its Research Domain Criteria program as a “paradigm shift,” its change in emphasis from discrete mental disorders to psychophysiological ... More


Teamwork: An Obstetrician, a Midwife, and a Doula in Brazil

Ricardo Herbert Jones

in Birth Models That Work

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520248632
eISBN:
9780520943339
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520248632.003.0011
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

This chapter describes the individual paradigm shift and the options that this shift has created for the women. This “birth model that works” is a replicable model of simplicity: a doctor, a midwife, ... More


Significance of Fuzzy Logic

Radim Bělohlávek, Joseph W. Dauben, and George J. Klir

in Fuzzy Logic and Mathematics: A Historical Perspective

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
June 2017
ISBN:
9780190200015
eISBN:
9780190200039
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190200015.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics, General

The aim of this chapter is to assess the significance of fuzzy logic based on its developments and its impact on mathematics and other areas of human affairs over its fifty-year history. For this ... More


Punctuations and Paradigms: Has Paleobiology Been through a Paradigm Shift?

Michael Ruse

in The Paleobiological Revolution: Essays on the Growth of Modern Paleontology

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226748610
eISBN:
9780226748597
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226748597.003.0027
Subject:
Biology, Paleontology

This chapter evaluates whether the development of paleobiology over the past several decades constitutes a genuine scientific revolution or paradigm shift. It analyzes a number of criteria by which ... More


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