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A History of the Popes 1830-1914

Owen Chadwick

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198269229
eISBN:
9780191600456
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198269226.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Church History

This history of the ninteenth‐century popes covers the papacies of Gregory XVI, Pius IX, Leo XIII and Pius X in their religious and political aspects. The period was dominated by the question of ... More


Gregory XVI

Owen Chadwick

in A History of the Popes 1830-1914

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198269229
eISBN:
9780191600456
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198269226.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Church History

Gregory XVI (pope 1831‐46) pursued a policy in reaction against ’innovators’, meaning political liberalism and the French Revolution and all it stood for, setting the tone for the dislike of the ... More


Catholic Power

Owen Chadwick

in A History of the Popes 1830-1914

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198269229
eISBN:
9780191600456
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198269226.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Church History

The 1850s were ’the last years of Catholic power in Europe’. In France the regime of Napoleon III was friendly and presided over a Catholic revival, but this sharpened divisions between Catholics and ... More


Restoration

Owen Chadwick

in The Popes and European Revolution

Published in print:
1980
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198269199
eISBN:
9780191600487
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198269196.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Church History

Traces the decline of political power in the Catholic Church in Europe from the period after the overthrow of Napoleon Bonaparte in 1814, and the return of the Pope to Rome. In the new Europe so ... More


The Pontificate of Innocent III (1198–1216)

Colin Morris

in The Papal Monarchy: The Western Church from 1050 to 1250

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198269250
eISBN:
9780191600708
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198269250.003.0018
Subject:
Religion, Church History

Innocent was one of the youngest popes ever to be elected and was outstanding among the popes of this period. He built up the Papal State in Italy in its later form, and in his attempt to disrupt ... More


The Inquisition and the Renaissance: Raleigh Lecture On History

Alexander Murray

in Proceedings of the British Academy, Volume 131, 2004 Lectures

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263518
eISBN:
9780191734021
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263518.003.0003
Subject:
History, Cultural History

This lecture attempts to reveal that the Inquisition and the Renaissance were two aspects of one phenomenon, which is the halting emergence of a new entity, the territorial state. The lecture first ... More


A Free Church in a Free State: The Roman Question

Carol E. Harrison

in Romantic Catholics: France's Postrevolutionary Generation in Search of a Modern Faith

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801452451
eISBN:
9780801470592
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801452451.003.0007
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter examines the demise of the Papal States and the Roman Question—the Italian Risorgimento's threat to the territorial sovereignty of the papacy in the 1850s and 1860s. It first considers ... More


The British Ambassador and the Funeral of Pope Pius IX

Owen Chadwick

in Religious Change in Europe 1650–1914: Essays for John McManners

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198205968
eISBN:
9780191676871
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198205968.003.0019
Subject:
History, European Modern History, History of Religion

Pope Pius IX died in February 1878. He had resisted the Italian Risorgimento to the last breath of a pontificate which had gone on for longer than that of any other pope. At his death he was as ... More


The Vacant See

Miles Pattenden

in Electing the Pope in Early Modern Italy, 1450-1700

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
August 2017
ISBN:
9780198797449
eISBN:
9780191838804
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198797449.003.0004
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History, History of Religion

This chapter considers the problem that no pope could countenance a named successor in his lifetime so the cardinals had to negotiate a brief period without a pope every time a pope died. The College ... More


“The World is Collapsing”: The Papacy, Memory, and Revolution

Thomas Albert Howard

in The Pope and the Professor: Pius IX, Ignaz von Döllinger, and the Quandary of the Modern Age

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780198729198
eISBN:
9780191795893
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198729198.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Church History

Making use of concepts such as “trauma” and “collective memory,” this chapter seeks to understand the Catholic Church’s hostile reaction to the French Revolution and its legacy in the nineteenth ... More


Rome, War, and the Onset of the Terrible Year

Raymond Jonas

in France and the Cult of the Sacred Heart: An Epic Tale for Modern Times

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520221369
eISBN:
9780520924017
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520221369.003.0007
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter talks about the Terrible Year, which started a period of intense reflection on France, its past, and its spiritual and moral well-being. This was also the time when France went to war ... More


The City of Rome

Rebecca Rist

in Popes and Jews, 1095–1291

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
December 2015
ISBN:
9780198717980
eISBN:
9780191787430
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198717980.003.0008
Subject:
History, History of Religion, European Medieval History

This chapter explores the relationship between the papacy and Jews in Rome, the seat of the pope’s power not as Europe’s spiritual leader but as the city’s bishop. During the High Middle Ages Jewish ... More


Bologna and Liège: Volatile Systems of Conflict

Patrick Lantschner

in The Logic of Political Conflict in Medieval Cities: Italy and the Southern Low Countries, 1370-1440

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780198734635
eISBN:
9780191799235
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198734635.003.0006
Subject:
History, European Medieval History, Political History

In late medieval Bologna and Liège, urban warfare represented a particularly frequent mode of conflict. This was reflected, and in turn stimulated, by a political framework of rich, but highly ... More


Under Papal Rule

Kenneth Stow

in Anna and Tranquillo: Catholic Anxiety and Jewish Protest in the Age of Revolutions

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780300219043
eISBN:
9780300224719
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300219043.003.0007
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter considers how Tranquillo del Monte was aware that the Jewish reality of his contemporary Rome had no resemblance to that in places like France and the United States; nor that policies in ... More


Introduction

Kenneth Stow

in Anna and Tranquillo: Catholic Anxiety and Jewish Protest in the Age of Revolutions

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780300219043
eISBN:
9780300224719
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300219043.003.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This introductory chapter explores the transformation in Jewish life that failed to occur in late eighteenth-century Rome. The French Revolution and the U.S. Constitution had established that Jews ... More


Legal Obstacles

Kenneth Stow

in Anna and Tranquillo: Catholic Anxiety and Jewish Protest in the Age of Revolutions

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780300219043
eISBN:
9780300224719
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300219043.003.0008
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter discusses how the law confers privileges on the Jews as cives, except in the spiritual forum. Nonetheless, while in the Papal State, the privileges of being cives were never entirely ... More


Introduction

Miles Pattenden

in Electing the Pope in Early Modern Italy, 1450-1700

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
August 2017
ISBN:
9780198797449
eISBN:
9780191838804
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198797449.003.0001
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History, History of Religion

A pope’s legitimacy—and the authority of papal officials—derived from his election. But the election process itself generated practical, logistical, legal, and political problems which all parties ... More


Electing the Pope in Early Modern Italy, 1450-1700

Miles Pattenden

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
August 2017
ISBN:
9780198797449
eISBN:
9780191838804
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198797449.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History, History of Religion

This is a book about how popes were selected in early modern Italy. But more importantly, it is a book about the problems selection by election created for the cardinals and other early modern ... More


The Catholic Learning Curve: Toleration and Tolerance

Ulrich L. Lehner

in The Catholic Enlightenment: The Forgotten History of a Global Movement

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780190232917
eISBN:
9780190232948
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190232917.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

This chapter presents an overview of the Catholic basis for toleration and tolerance, which existed in the Catholic tradition before these two ideals became widespread within the secular ... More


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