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A History of the Popes 1830-1914

Owen Chadwick

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198269229
eISBN:
9780191600456
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198269226.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Church History

This history of the ninteenth‐century popes covers the papacies of Gregory XVI, Pius IX, Leo XIII and Pius X in their religious and political aspects. The period was dominated by the question of ... More


The Need for a Council

Owen Chadwick

in A History of the Popes 1830-1914

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198269229
eISBN:
9780191600456
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198269226.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Church History

In the 1860s the pope's position in Rome depended on the presence of the French garrison there and, although Napoleon III wished to withdraw, he could not do so unless the Piedmontese promised not to ... More


Canonical Division Between East and West

William J. Abraham

in Canon and Criterion in Christian Theology: From the Fathers to Feminism

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199250035
eISBN:
9780191600388
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199250030.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Theology

The long, drawn‐out‐division between Eastern and Western Christianity, the Great Schism, arose, in part, because of the addition of the filioque clause to the Nicene Creed. In and around this, the ... More


The Prisoner of the Vatican

Owen Chadwick

in A History of the Popes 1830-1914

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198269229
eISBN:
9780191600456
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198269226.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Church History

The taking of Rome by the Italian army in 1870 made the pope ’the prisoner of the Vatican’ a situation Pius IX preferred to live with rather than flee, and the new Italian authorities were careful to ... More


“That God Might Not Permit Us to Err”: The Articulation of Infallibility in Canonization

Donald S. Prudlo

in Certain Sainthood: Canonization and the Origins of Papal Infallibility in the Medieval Church

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801454035
eISBN:
9781501701535
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801454035.003.0006
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

This chapter examines how papal infallibility came to be articulated in canonization. The problem of canonizing unworthy or unhistorical figures came up repeatedly, causing the papacy to institute ... More


Conscience and Authority: The Vatican Council and Excommunication

Thomas Albert Howard

in The Pope and the Professor: Pius IX, Ignaz von Döllinger, and the Quandary of the Modern Age

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780198729198
eISBN:
9780191795893
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198729198.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Church History

This chapter focuses on the background to and course of the First Vatican Council (1869–70), convened by Pius IX, and on Döllinger’s fierce reaction to it, especially with respect to the Council’s ... More


A Free Church in a Free State: The Roman Question

Carol E. Harrison

in Romantic Catholics: France's Postrevolutionary Generation in Search of a Modern Faith

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801452451
eISBN:
9780801470592
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801452451.003.0007
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter examines the demise of the Papal States and the Roman Question—the Italian Risorgimento's threat to the territorial sovereignty of the papacy in the 1850s and 1860s. It first considers ... More


“That the Perversity of Heretics Might Be Confounded”: From Practice to Theory

Donald S. Prudlo

in Certain Sainthood: Canonization and the Origins of Papal Infallibility in the Medieval Church

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801454035
eISBN:
9781501701535
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801454035.003.0004
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

This chapter examines how subtle opposition to saints within the church forced clearer articulation of the nature and value of papal canonization, beginning with the glorification of St. Thomas ... More


Certain Sainthood: Canonization and the Origins of Papal Infallibility in the Medieval Church

Donald S. Prudlo

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801454035
eISBN:
9781501701535
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801454035.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

The doctrine of papal infallibility is a central tenet of Roman Catholicism, and yet it is frequently misunderstood by Catholics and non-Catholics alike. Much of the present-day theological ... More


Losing Faith: Ultramontane Liberalism and Democratic Failure

Elizabeth Fenton

in Religious Liberties: Anti-Catholicism and Liberal Democracy in Nineteenth-Century U.S. Literature and Culture

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195384093
eISBN:
9780199893584
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195384093.003.0007
Subject:
Literature, American, 19th Century Literature

This chapter focuses on Henry Adams’s novel Democracy (1880) and Mark Twain’s A Connecticut Yankee in King Arthur’s Court (1889) and shows that these authors draw on caricatures of the Catholic ... More


Introduction

Donald S. Prudlo

in Certain Sainthood: Canonization and the Origins of Papal Infallibility in the Medieval Church

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801454035
eISBN:
9781501701535
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801454035.003.0001
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

This book explores the history of the theological and historical debate over the doctrine of papal infallibility. Over the course of centuries it has come to be the common theological opinion that ... More


Last Stand

Serenhedd James

in George Errington and Roman Catholic Identity in Nineteenth-Century England

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780198766391
eISBN:
9780191820939
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198766391.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Theology, Church History

Chapter 8 assesses Errington’s impact as a Council Father at Vatican I. A critique of his public statements demonstrates his commitment to the relationship of a bishop to his people, and to an ... More


Humble Infallibility

James L. Heft

in Learned Ignorance: Intellectual Humility among Jews, Christians and Muslims

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199769308
eISBN:
9780190258283
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199769308.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

In a historical and theological study, this chapter locates the Catholic dogma of papal infallibility in its context (nineteenth-century Europe and Vatican Council I, 1869–1870). It then traces the ... More


“By the Authority of Blessed Peter”: Making Saint-Making

Donald S. Prudlo

in Certain Sainthood: Canonization and the Origins of Papal Infallibility in the Medieval Church

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801454035
eISBN:
9781501701535
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801454035.003.0002
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

This chapter traces the deployment of the legal language and liturgical practices surrounding canonization that would later be marshaled for a comprehensive papal infallibility claim. The cult of the ... More


Conclusion

Donald S. Prudlo

in Certain Sainthood: Canonization and the Origins of Papal Infallibility in the Medieval Church

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801454035
eISBN:
9781501701535
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801454035.003.0008
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

This book has explored how and why the doctrine of papal canonization developed in the church as well as the manner in which it came to be viewed as an infallible pronouncement. It has argued that ... More


Conscience in the Letter to the Duke of Norfolk

John Finnis

in Religion and Public Reasons: Collected Essays Volume V

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199580095
eISBN:
9780191729416
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199580095.003.0017
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

This chapter gives a close and detailed study of Newman's understanding of conscience and natural and divine law, as manifested in his 1875 response to Gladstone's 1874 critique of the doctrine of ... More


Sancti per fidem vicerunt regna: “The Saints, by Faith, Conquered Kingdoms”

Donald S. Prudlo

in Certain Sainthood: Canonization and the Origins of Papal Infallibility in the Medieval Church

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801454035
eISBN:
9781501701535
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801454035.003.0007
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

This chapter examines the resolution of the controversy surrounding papal infallibility and the response of various groups in the church, from the Spiritual Franciscans and the canonists to the ... More


‘Angelic Pastor’? Pius XII and the Worldwide Church

John Pollard

in The Papacy in the Age of Totalitarianism, 1914-1958

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
December 2014
ISBN:
9780199208562
eISBN:
9780191785580
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199208562.003.0011
Subject:
Religion, Religious Studies, Church History

This chapter seeks to bring into relief the complexities and contradictions in Pius XII’s fulfilment of his pastoral ministry, which reflect the strong differences of opinion among his closest ... More


Pope John XXII and his Franciscan Cardinal: Bertrand de la Tour and the Apostolic Poverty Controversy

Patrick Nold

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199268757
eISBN:
9780191708510
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199268757.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Religion

The debate over the poverty of Christ and his apostles under Pope John XXII (1316-1334) is one of the most famous intellectual controversies of the Middle Ages. The story of the uncompromising pope ... More


History and the Return of the Repressed in Catholic Modernity: The Dilemma Posed by Constance

Francis Oakley

in The Crisis of Authority in Catholic Modernity

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199778775
eISBN:
9780190258306
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199778775.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

This chapter explores one particular instance of radical doctrinal discontinuity and its implications for the ultimate locus of authority in the Catholic Church: the profound difference between the ... More


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