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The personal absolute

Jan Olof Bengtsson

in The Worldview of Personalism: Origins and Early Development

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199297191
eISBN:
9780191711374
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199297191.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter introduces the arguments for why, according to the personalists, the absolute cannot be conceived in pantheistic and impersonalistic terms. It discusses the meaning of the new concept of ... More


Lessing's “Spinozism”

Toshimasa Yasukata

in Lessing's Philosophy of Religion and the German Enlightenment

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195144949
eISBN:
9780199834891
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195144945.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

Argues the question of Lessing's alleged “Spinozism.” The discussion shows that Lessing's hen kai pan [One and All] signifies not a Spinozistic pantheism but a panentheism of spiritualistic stamp. It ... More


Epictetus and Stoic Theology

Keimpe Algra

in The Philosophy of Epictetus

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199233076
eISBN:
9780191716416
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199233076.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

It has often been thought that Epictetus has a different view of God from that of the early Stoics — his view being a more personal theism in contrast with their pantheism. This chapter argues, on ... More


Hegel and the Theology of His Time

Peter C. Hodgson

in Hegel and Christian Theology: A Reading of the Lectures on the Philosophy of Religion

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780199273614
eISBN:
9780191602443
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199273618.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

In the introductions to his lectures, Hegel orients himself to the culture, philosophy, and theology of his time. He takes account of the novelty of philosophy of religion as a discipline, arguing ... More


The Concept, Knowledge, and Worship of God

Peter C. Hodgson

in Hegel and Christian Theology: A Reading of the Lectures on the Philosophy of Religion

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780199273614
eISBN:
9780191602443
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199273618.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

God is the absolute truth and substance of all things, the universal in which everything subsists. As such God is also absolute subjectivity, or spirit. The concrete development of this idea of God ... More


The Monster of Atheism: Its Being and Attributes

Paul Russell

in The Riddle of Hume's Treatise: Skepticism, Naturalism, and Irreligion

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195110333
eISBN:
9780199872084
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195110333.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

The early responses to the Treatise show that the issue of “atheism” was neither peripheral nor irrelevant to the way that Hume's own contemporaries understood his aims and objectives. Most ... More


Faith and Freedom: Moses Mendelssohn's Theological-Political Thought

Michah Gottlieb

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195398946
eISBN:
9780199894499
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195398946.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Judaism, Philosophy of Religion

Moses Mendelssohn (1729–1786) is often considered the founder of modern Jewish philosophy or even of modern Judaism. For many, Mendelssohn's commitment to enlightened values appeared to be ... More


The Charge of Atheism and the Language of Radical Speculation, 1640–1660

Nigel Smith

in Atheism from the Reformation to the Enlightenment

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198227366
eISBN:
9780191678684
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198227366.003.0006
Subject:
History, History of Ideas, History of Religion

This chapter discusses the relationship between atheism and the religious heterodoxy of the period. It illustrates the danger of accepting conflations of differing positions made by hostile ... More


Mysticism East and West as Christian Apologeti

Hugh Nicholson

in Comparative Theology and the Problem of Religious Rivalry

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199772865
eISBN:
9780199897315
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199772865.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, World Religions

This chapter and those that follow critically examine a particular “East versus West” apologetic contrast that has been constitutive of modern Christian self-understanding: namely, the contrast ... More


Either/Or: Jacobi's Attack on the Moderate Enlightenment

Michah Gottlieb

in Faith and Freedom: Moses Mendelssohn's Theological-Political Thought

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195398946
eISBN:
9780199894499
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195398946.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Judaism, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter analyzes of Jacobi's critique of Mendelssohn's moderate religious enlightenment. For Jacobi, the very structure of reason is inimical to freedom and undermines individuality since reason ... More


Enlightenment Reoriented: Mendelssohn's Pragmatic Religious Idealism

Michah Gottlieb

in Faith and Freedom: Moses Mendelssohn's Theological-Political Thought

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195398946
eISBN:
9780199894499
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195398946.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Judaism, Philosophy of Religion

Mendelssohn sees Jacobi's favoring of republicanism as a rhetorical subterfuge aimed at promoting religious despotism. For Mendelssohn, Jacobi's rejection of the authority of reason in metaphysics ... More


The One and the Many and Kinds of Distinctness: The Possibility of Monism or Pantheism in the Young Leibniz

Mark Kulstad

in Leibniz: Nature and Freedom

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780195143744
eISBN:
9780199835317
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195143744.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This essay offers a new perspective on Leibniz’s reputed brief embrace of monism and pantheism during his formative Paris period (1672-76). Adams’ and Mercer’s treatments of Leibniz on pantheism and ... More


The Double Irony of Reformed Spirituality: Nature, Desire, and the Easily Diverted Quest for God's Beauty

Belden C. Lane

in Ravished by Beauty: The Surprising Legacy of Reformed Spirituality

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199755080
eISBN:
9780199894956
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199755080.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter introduces the forgotten importance of nature in the history of Reformed spirituality, showing how a delight in the manifestations of God's glory in the natural world puts beauty and ... More


The Best and Infinity

John Leslie

in Infinite Minds: A Philosophical Cosmology

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199248933
eISBN:
9780191697791
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199248933.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, General, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The focus of this chapter is pantheism and the contention that it informs people to be powerless to influence the world's events. On the contrary, it invites individuals to set out to create a better ... More


Necessary Divine Existence

John Leslie

in Infinite Minds: A Philosophical Cosmology

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199248933
eISBN:
9780191697791
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199248933.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, General, Metaphysics/Epistemology

In this chapter, the author begins by arguing that pantheism does not reject the world; rather, it pictures the world as it exists inside a divine mind. Richard Swinburne's descriptive analysis of ... More


The Metaphysic of the Romantic Era

Edward Craig

in The Mind of God and the Works of Man

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198236825
eISBN:
9780191597244
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198236824.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter considers the philosophy of the years shortly before and shortly after the beginning of the nineteenth century, and in doing so illustrates the claim that the ‘dominant philosophy’ of an ... More


Preparing to Approach Spinoza

Jonathan Bennett

in Learning from Six Philosophers Volume 1

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198250913
eISBN:
9780191597053
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198250916.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Describes in what way Spinoza was a dualist and in what way a monist; his pantheism and its relation to atheism; his very special version of the so‐called ontological argument for the existence of ... More


New Beginnings: The Twentieth-Century Recovery of Jonathan Edwards

Michael J. McClymond and Gerald R. McDermott

in The Theology of Jonathan Edwards

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199791606
eISBN:
9780199932290
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199791606.003.0039
Subject:
Religion, Theology

In the first third of the twentieth century, American intellectuals continued to treat Jonathan Edwards with the contempt and disinterest he received at the end of the nineteenth century. Less ... More


The Traditional Maya Worldview as Influenced by Later Evangelization

John D. Early

in Maya and Catholic Cultures in Crisis

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780813040134
eISBN:
9780813043838
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813040134.003.0002
Subject:
Society and Culture, Social Groups

This chapter develops a Weberian construct outlining a basic logic that underlies the traditional Maya worldview, both its pre- and post-Columbian forms. Maya metaphysics is a pantheistic theology ... More


Community: Lower Rock Creek and Teilhard de Chardin

Belden C. Lane

in Backpacking with the Saints: Wilderness Hiking as Spiritual Practice

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199927814
eISBN:
9780197563274
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199927814.003.0024
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmentalist Thought and Ideology

I’m up for vigils, but the monks are still asleep. They were noisy last night at compline. The peepers were nearly as loud as the bullfrogs. The whole ... More


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