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Stable Isotopes and Radiocarbon

Thomas S. Bianchi and Elizabeth A. Canuel

in Chemical Biomarkers in Aquatic Ecosystems

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691134147
eISBN:
9781400839100
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691134147.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter discusses the basic principles surrounding the application of stable isotopes in natural ecosystems, which are based on variations in the relative abundance of lighter isotopes from ... More


Megadrought and Collapse: From Early Agriculture to Angkor

Harvey Weiss (ed.)

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780199329199
eISBN:
9780190607920
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199329199.001.0001
Subject:
Classical Studies, Archaeology: Non-Classical

This is the first book to treat the major examples of megadrought and societal collapse, from the late Pleistocene end of hunter–gatherer culture and origins of cultivation to the 15th century AD ... More


Thorkel Farserk Goes for a Swim: Climate Change, the Medieval Optimum, and the Perils of Amateurism

Bruce Holsinger

in The Middle Ages in the Modern World: Twenty-first century perspectives

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780197266144
eISBN:
9780191860027
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197266144.003.0002
Subject:
History, Cultural History

This chapter examines the role of amateurism in shaping scholarly, popular, and political representations of the Medieval Optimum, a centuries-long warming era prior to the early modern period. ... More


New Data on Miocene Biostratigraphy and Paleoclimatology of Olkhon Island (Lake Baikal, Siberia)

Gudrun Daxner-Höck, Madelaine Böhme, and Annette Kossler

in Fossil Mammals of Asia: Neogene Biostratigraphy and Chronology

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231150125
eISBN:
9780231520829
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231150125.003.0022
Subject:
Biology, Paleontology: Biology

This chapter presents new data on the Miocene biostratigraphy and paleoclimatology of Olkhon Island (Lake Baikal, Siberia). Lake Baikal, located in the East Siberian Baikal Rift System, is the ... More


The Challenge of Climate Change

Mario J. Molina and Adolfo Plasencia

in Is the Universe a Hologram?: Scientists Answer the Most Provocative Questions

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780262036016
eISBN:
9780262339308
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262036016.003.0005
Subject:
Society and Culture, Technology and Society

In this conversation, Nobel Prize winner Mario J. Molina reflects on the ethical side of science. He explains how several decades ago, together with the scientist F. Sherwood Rowland, he predicted ... More


The Sources and Settings of Botatwe History

Kathryn M. de Luna

in Collecting Food, Cultivating People: Subsistence and Society in Central Africa

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780300218534
eISBN:
9780300225167
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300218534.003.0002
Subject:
History, African History

This chapter introduces the three sources of evidence for the book—paleoclimatology, archaeology, and comparative historical linguistics—and the three historical frameworks each offers for the ... More


The Archaeology of Chichen Itza: Its History, What We Like to Argue About, and What We Think We Know

Beniamino Volta, Nancy Peniche May, and Geoffrey E. Braswell

in Landscapes of the Itza: Archaeology and Art History at Chichen Itza and Neighboring Sites

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780813054964
eISBN:
9780813053417
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813054964.003.0002
Subject:
Archaeology, Prehistoric Archaeology

This chapter is a comprehensive overview of research at Chichen Itza written from an archaeological perspective. The authors present a historical review of excavations, settlement pattern studies, ... More


Cryosphere

Kenneth M. Hinkel, Andrew W. Ellis, and Ellen Mosley-Thompson

in Geography in America at the Dawn of the 21st Century

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198233923
eISBN:
9780191917707
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198233923.003.0013
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Regional Geography

The cryosphere refers to the Earth’s frozen realm. As such, it includes the 10 percent of the terrestrial surface covered by ice sheets and glaciers, an additional 14 percent characterized by ... More


Canadian Studies

Christopher D. Merrett and Thomas Rumney

in Geography in America at the Dawn of the 21st Century

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198233923
eISBN:
9780191917707
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198233923.003.0054
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Regional Geography

The idea of Canadian Studies runs counter to recent economic trends that challenge the salience of the boundary between Canada and the United States. Books such as Nine Nations of North America ... More


Historical Approaches to the Northern California Current Ecosystem

R.C. Francis, J. Field, D. Holmgren, and A. Strom

in The Exploited Seas: New Directions for Marine Environmental History

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780973007312
eISBN:
9781786944733
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9780973007312.003.0006
Subject:
History, Maritime History

R. C. Francis, J. Field, D. Holmgren and A. Strom traces the historical record of the west coast North American marine ecosystem through historical, paleoclimatological, and environmental disciplines ... More


Humans Like Us (About 100,000 Years Ago)

Lesley Newson and Peter J. Richerson

in A Story of Us: A New Look at Human Evolution

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
September 2021
ISBN:
9780190883201
eISBN:
9780197554821
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190883201.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

By 100,000 years ago, humans walked the Earth who were very similar to us physically and genetically, but they lived in small family bands and their culture was much simpler than the culture of any ... More


Ice Age Humans (30,000 Years Ago)

Lesley Newson and Peter J. Richerson

in A Story of Us: A New Look at Human Evolution

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
September 2021
ISBN:
9780190883201
eISBN:
9780197554821
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190883201.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Starting about 35,000 years ago, humans seem to have made a great leap forward culturally. The authors argue that this wasn’t because of genetic changes that caused the human brain to have increased ... More


Building Today’s World

Lesley Newson and Peter J. Richerson

in A Story of Us: A New Look at Human Evolution

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
September 2021
ISBN:
9780190883201
eISBN:
9780197554821
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190883201.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Once they were equipped with the social tools that allowed them to maintain greater connectedness, there was no looking back for our ancestors. They evolved much more complex cultures. Once the ... More


Megadrought, Collapse, and Causality

Harvey Weiss

in Megadrought and Collapse: From Early Agriculture to Angkor

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780199329199
eISBN:
9780190607920
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199329199.003.0001
Subject:
Classical Studies, Archaeology: Non-Classical

Recent discoveries of megadroughts, severe periods of drought lasting decades or centuries, during the course of the Holocene have revolutionized our understanding of modern climate history. Through ... More


3.2 ka BP Megadrought and the Late Bronze Age Collapse

David Kaniewski and Elise Van Campo

in Megadrought and Collapse: From Early Agriculture to Angkor

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780199329199
eISBN:
9780190607920
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199329199.003.0005
Subject:
Classical Studies, Archaeology: Non-Classical

The collapse of Bronze Age civilizations in the Aegean, southwest Asia, and the eastern Mediterranean 3200 years ago remains a persistent riddle in Eastern Mediterranean archaeology, as both ... More


Havoc

Faisal H. Husain

in Rivers of the Sultan: The Tigris and Euphrates in the Ottoman Empire

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
April 2021
ISBN:
9780197547274
eISBN:
9780197547304
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197547274.003.0007
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This chapter recounts a dramatic turning point in the Ottoman Empire’s relationship to the Tigris and Euphrates. In the late seventeenth century, a prolonged drought event and a botched canal project ... More


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