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 The Origins and Evolution of Homo sapiens

Paul F. Lurquin and Linda Stone

in Evolution and Religious Creation Myths: How Scientists Respond

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195315387
eISBN:
9780199785674
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195315387.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

The notions of natural selection and drift also apply to humans and their biological and cultural evolution. The science of paleoanthropology explains human evolution through the study of ... More


Giants and Genes: Changing Views of Peking Man's Evolutionary Significance

Noel T. Boaz and Russell L. Ciochon

in Dragon Bone Hill: An Ice Age Saga of Homo erectus

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195152913
eISBN:
9780199790036
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195152913.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter examines the twists and turns of the paleoanthropological interpretation of Peking Man: the first, largely fanciful and hopeful pronouncements; the more mature hypotheses based on the ... More


The Specter of Polygenesis

Justin E. H. Smith

in Nature, Human Nature, and Human Difference: Race in Early Modern Philosophy

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691153643
eISBN:
9781400866311
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691153643.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter follows the development of Renaissance debates about the nature of human diversity into the following century, and particularly as they played out in France and England. It focuses in ... More


Raymond Dart and our African origins

C. K. Brain

in A Century of Nature: Twenty-One Discoveries that Changed Science and the World

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780226284132
eISBN:
9780226284163
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226284163.003.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

In the early twentieth century, the prevailing view was that humans had originated in Eurasia. In 1925, the first evidence of an early fossil link between the apes and man was published, and Africa ... More


Evolution of Language

Angela D. Friederici and Noam Chomsky

in Language in Our Brain: The Origins of a Uniquely Human Capacity

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780262036924
eISBN:
9780262342964
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262036924.003.0008
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics

The past and current views of language evolution all center around a crucial question: What led to the human faculty of language and can it be explained by continuity of phylogenesis from non-human ... More


Edible Insects and the Genus Homo

Julie J. Lesnik

in Edible Insects and Human Evolution

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780813056999
eISBN:
9780813053776
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813056999.003.0007
Subject:
Archaeology, Historical Archaeology

In this second paleoanthropology chapter, the focus shifts to later human evolution with members of the genus Homo. Over the evolution of our genus, morphology and behaviors emerge that are more ... More


The Potential for Future Discovery: Testing Hypotheses of Edible Insects

Julie J. Lesnik

in Edible Insects and Human Evolution

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780813056999
eISBN:
9780813053776
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813056999.003.0008
Subject:
Archaeology, Historical Archaeology

Reconstructing the behavior of past hominins has numerous limitations. Scientific discovery requires evidence-based research and the paleoanthropological record only preserves fragments of past ways ... More


From Visual Memory to “Racial Soul”

Marianne Sommer

in History Within: The Science, Culture, and Politics of Bones, Organisms, and Molecules

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780226347325
eISBN:
9780226349879
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226349879.003.0002
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter deals with the scientific thought of Henry Fairfield Osborn. It engages with his interpretation of the fossil record, his orthogenetic theories, as well as with his concepts of a visual ... More


Paper Ancestors? or “A Word-Painting of the Scene and of the Man or Woman”

Marianne Sommer

in History Within: The Science, Culture, and Politics of Bones, Organisms, and Molecules

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780226347325
eISBN:
9780226349879
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226349879.003.0003
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter deals with the production of Osborn’s first monograph on human evolutionary history: Men of the Old Stone Age (1915). It shows how he depended on a network of scientists and institutions ... More


Jane Goodall: She Dreamed of Tarzan

Dale Peterson

in Dreamers, Visionaries, and Revolutionaries in the Life Sciences

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780226569871
eISBN:
9780226570075
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226570075.003.0014
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter traces the extraordinary career of primatologist Jane Goodall, who was the first person in history to conduct a successful study of wild chimpanzees. It argues that Goodall's famous ... More


Ladders, Bushes, Punctuations, and Clades: Hominid Paleobiology in the Late Twentieth Century

Tim D. White

in The Paleobiological Revolution: Essays on the Growth of Modern Paleontology

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226748610
eISBN:
9780226748597
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226748597.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Paleontology

This chapter examines hominid paleobiology and the history of the modern interpretations of human evolution. It outlines hominid paleobiology's place in science and situates it within post-Synthetic ... More


A War of Worldviews

Hud Hudson

in The Fall and Hypertime

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780198712695
eISBN:
9780191781025
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198712695.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

The doctrines of The Fall, Original Sin, and Original Guilt are reportedly at irreconcilable odds with the reigning scientific orthodoxy in a war of worldviews. This chapter explains why. First, the ... More


Conclusion

Sigrid Schmalzer

in The People's Peking Man: Popular Science and Human Identity in Twentieth-Century China

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226738598
eISBN:
9780226738611
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226738611.003.0010
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter presents some final thoughts from the author, and discusses how human identity is a critical analytical category in studying modern Chinese history. It notes popular culture's influence ... More


“Labor Created Science”: The Class Politics of Scientific Knowledge, 1940–1971

Sigrid Schmalzer

in The People's Peking Man: Popular Science and Human Identity in Twentieth-Century China

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226738598
eISBN:
9780226738611
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226738611.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter argues that the top-down project of science dissemination and the bottom-up one of mass science—while both in some sense “popular science”—lay in profound contradiction. Science ... More


Epilogue: Situating the Cognitive in Cognitive Archaeology

Thomas Wynn

in Squeezing Minds From Stones: Cognitive Archaeology and the Evolution of the Human Mind

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780190854614
eISBN:
9780190854645
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190854614.003.0024
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Contributions to evolutionary cognitive archaeology (ECA) now present a wide range of commitments to cognitive science itself. It is still common to find quasi-cognitive approaches that rely on terms ... More


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