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Conclusion: The Principle of Minimizing Pain (an 11th Commandment)

David P. Barash and Judith Eve Lipton

in Payback: Why We Retaliate, Redirect Aggression, and Take Revenge

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780195395143
eISBN:
9780190255763
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780195395143.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter presents the principle of minimizing pain. According to the shorter version: When evaluating alternative actions, I will ask myself whether each is likely to increase or decrease the ... More


Passing the Pain Along

David P. Barash and Judith Eve Lipton

in Payback: Why We Retaliate, Redirect Aggression, and Take Revenge

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780195395143
eISBN:
9780190255763
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780195395143.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter begins with a brief discussion of the notion of pain and how victims have a powerful tendency to respond by passing it along to someone else. In short: payback. The chapter then analyzes ... More


Personal: Slings, Arrows, and Outrageous Scapegoating

David P. Barash and Judith Eve Lipton

in Payback: Why We Retaliate, Redirect Aggression, and Take Revenge

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780195395143
eISBN:
9780190255763
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780195395143.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter reviews the social psychology of personal pain, how it occurs, and the payback that it generates. It notes that pain-passing is not limited to now-outlawed “codes of honor,” family ... More


Social: Revenge, Feuding, Rioting, Terrorism, War, and Other Delights

David P. Barash and Judith Eve Lipton

in Payback: Why We Retaliate, Redirect Aggression, and Take Revenge

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780195395143
eISBN:
9780190255763
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780195395143.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter examines how payback magnifies and ramifies onto a larger, social canvas. It first makes the case that a solid line—based on the Three Rs—runs through revenge to feuding, through the ... More


Stories: Pain-Passing in Myth and Literature

David P. Barash and Judith Eve Lipton

in Payback: Why We Retaliate, Redirect Aggression, and Take Revenge

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780195395143
eISBN:
9780190255763
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780195395143.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter examines the theme of pain-passing in various literary works. These include Aeschylus' The Oresteia, Shakespeare's Othello, Herman Melville's Moby Dick, and Victor Hugo's Les Miserables.


Justice: Not Revenge?

David P. Barash and Judith Eve Lipton

in Payback: Why We Retaliate, Redirect Aggression, and Take Revenge

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780195395143
eISBN:
9780190255763
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780195395143.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter attempts to acknowledge the importance of pain-passing as part of the biological, psychological, and social structure that undergirds justice, but without legitimizing retaliation, ... More


Overcoming: Shall We?

David P. Barash and Judith Eve Lipton

in Payback: Why We Retaliate, Redirect Aggression, and Take Revenge

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780195395143
eISBN:
9780190255763
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780195395143.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter discusses the ways in which to avoid the pain-passing trap. It presents answers within religious traditions that might be useful to readers who are interested in stopping the cycle of ... More


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